Malvern Hill, before its destruction by fire
|Nearest city:||Richmond, Virginia|
|Area:||0 acres (0 ha)|
|Added to NRHP:||November 12, 1969|
Malvern Hill stands on the north bank of the James River in Henrico County, Virginia, USA, about eighteen miles southeast of Richmond. On 1 July 1862, it was the scene of the Battle of Malvern Hill, one of the Seven Days Battles of the American Civil War.
The name referred primarily to the house built by Thomas Cocke in the 17th century, which remained in his family for many years. It was named after the Malvern Hills in England. The historic home was gutted by a fire in 1905 and all that now remains are end gables, including a fireplace. Neertheless, the ruins are architecturally significant as the remains of one of few known cruciform design houses in Virginia. "The one surviving chimney is perhaps the finest example of seventeenth century diaper brickwork in the state."
The home site figured in three wars. Lafayette camped there twice in 1781 during the American Revolutionary War. Virginia militia also camped there in the War of 1812. However, it is best known as the site of bloody American Civil War Battle of Malvern Hill in 1862.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission staff (1967). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Malvern Hill". Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission. Retrieved 2010-05-27. and Accompanying 2 photos at Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission, undated
- Malvern Hill — information, with photographs, from the Henrico County Historical Society
- "Interpretation Update: Archeological Success at Malvern Hill" — The Richmond National Parks Newsletter 6 (2001)
- "Malvern Hill" — a poem by Herman Melville
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