|— Municipality —|
|• Mayor (2011)||Sølvi Jensen (Ap)|
|• Total||812.76 km2 (313.81 sq mi)|
|• Land||796.28 km2 (307.45 sq mi)|
|• Water||16.48 km2 (6.36 sq mi)|
|Area rank||134 in Norway|
|• Rank||262 in Norway|
|• Density||3.8/km2 (10/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-4.9 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1938|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Lyngen (Northern Sami: Ivggu suohkan; Kven: Yykeän komuuni) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Lyngseidet. Other villages include Furuflaten, Lattervika, Nord-Lenangen, and Svensby.
Lyngen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1867, the Sørfjorden part of Karlsøy municipality (population: 862) was transferred to Lyngen. Then on 1 January 1875, a small part of Lyngen (population: 7) was transferred to Balsfjord. On 1 January 1902, the Sørfjorden area (population: 1,139) was separated from Lyngen to form a new municipality, which later was renamed Ullsfjord.
In 1929, the southern part of Lyngen (population: 1,499) was separated from Lyngen to become the new municipality of Storfjord, and the eastern part of Lyngen on the mainland (population: 2,482) was separated from Lyngen to become the new municipality of Kåfjord. These changes left Lyngen with 2,225 residents.
On 1 January 1964, the northern part of the Lyngen peninsula in Karlsøy municipality (population: 1,001) and the Svensby area of Ullsfjord (population: 171) were merged with Lyngen. Then on 1 January 1992, the Nordnes area of Lyngen on the eastern shore of the Lyngenfjorden (population: 38) was transferred to the neighboring municipalities of Kåfjord and Storfjord.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1987). The arms show a black horse of the local breed (Lyngshest) on a silver background. The silver color symbolizes the sea and fishing industry and the horse represents the local agriculture.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
The Lyngen Church was built at Karnes in 1731, and was moved to its present location at Lyngseidet in 1740. In 1775, the church was rebuilt in its current cross shape, with the material from the old church used for a boathouse in Oldervik. Finally in 1840–1845, the church was renovated with a new tower, galleries, windows and panelling.
Other interesting buildings include the large wooden school in Solhov, which was built in 1924 to strengthen the Norwegian influence in this area which was largely populated by the Sami and Kven people.
During the Cold War the Norwegian Army planned to abandon Finnmark and halt the Soviets along the European route E06 highway at the choke point between the Lyngen fjord and the mountains. However, there were always great worries that the Soviets would also advance through Finland and the very sparsely defended extreme north of Sweden (north of Kiruna, south of Treriksröset) and attack the Lyngen position from the rear via Signaldalen.
The municipality is situated on the Lyngen peninsula, with the Lyngen fjord to the east and Ullsfjorden to the west. The municipal centre is Lyngseidet, a pretty settlement on an isthmus that almost cuts the peninsula in the middle. Other villages include Furuflaten, which has various industries, and Svensby. Nord-Lenangen faces the open sea, and is largely a fishing village. The municipality has its own shipping company, operating the car ferries west to Breivikeidet in Tromsø and east to Olderdalen in Kåfjord meeting European route E6. There is also a road going south along the shore of the fjord connecting to the main E6 road, giving ferry-free access to the main road network.
The Lyngen peninsula is a very scenic and mountainous area, known as the Lyngen Alps, with the highest peaks in Troms county. The highest peak is Jiehkkevárri, reaching 1,833 metres (6,014 ft). Another prominent mountain is Store Lenangstind. The Strupbreen lies in this mountain range, northwest of Lyngseidet. The Lyngen Alps are presently being discovered by off-piste skiers from around the world.
Winters in Lyngen are long and snow-rich, but not very cold considering the very northerly latitude. Average 24-hr temperatures are below freezing from November to early April, with a January average of −4.5 °C (24 °F). May is cool, with an average of 5.5 °C (42 °F); summer temperatures usually arrives in June. July is the warmest month with 24-hr average of 12.5 °C (55 °F); August's average is 11.6 °C (53 °F) and October's is 3.5 °C (38 °F). The average annual precipitation varies from 500 millimetres (19.7 in) in Lyngseidet (half that of Tromsø) to 950 millimetres (37.4 in) in the northern part of the peninsula (Nord-Lenangen).
Spring often sees much sunshine and is the driest season; average monthly precipitation is approximately 30 millimetres (1.2 in) from March to June, while October is the wettest month. In the mountains of the Lyngen Alps, the average temperatures typically remain below freezing from October to May, and snow accumulation can exceed 5 metres (16.4 ft).
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 151.
- "Troms kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- "Lyngen kirke" (in Norwegian).
- "Lyngen" (in Norwegian).
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