|Area||9.69 km2 (3.74 sq mi)|
|Elevation||320 m (1050 ft)|
|Population||390 (31 December 2011)|
|- Density||40 /km2 (104 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Lieg is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Cochem-Zell district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Treis-Karden, whose seat is in the like-named municipality.
There were people living in the Lieg area as early as the New Stone Age, as witnessed by stone axes that have been found. Further finds – barrows – from the Iron Age (750-50 BC) bear witness to further settlement, presumably by the Treveri, a people of mixed Celtic and Germanic stock, from whom the Latin name for the city of Trier, Augusta Treverorum, is also derived.
About 50 BC, the Romans conquered the area. Finds from this era also show that there was continuous habitation. A document from 1106 mentions a place called Lich, which might be a reference to the place known today as Lieg. Later, Lieg belonged to the so-called “three-lord” court district in Beltheim. Beginning in 1366, the lordship was shared among the Electorate of Trier, the County of Sponheim and the House of Braunshorn-Winneburg. This arrangement was brought to an end by the French Revolutionary occupation of lands on the Rhine’s left bank in 1794. In 1814 Lieg was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna. Since 1946, it has been part of the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
On 8 March 2008, Lieg won the contest SWR 4 Stadtmusikanten. By earning 40% of the vote in a telephone poll, they beat the contestants from Pantenburg (36%) and Ediger-Eller (24%) and can now call themselves SWR 4 Stadtmusikanten.
Lieg’s mayor is Walter Lauxen.
Coat of arms
The German blazon reads: Schild geviert. Feld 1: in Grün eine silberne Urne mit drei goldenen Ähren, Feld 2: in Silber eine blaue Lilie, Feld 3: in Gold ein schwarzer Flügel, Feld 4: in Schwarz ein goldener Kelch.
The municipality’s arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Quarterly, first vert an urn argent issuant from which three ears of wheat Or, second argent a fleur-de-lis azure, third Or a dexter wing sable, and fourth sable a chalice of the third.
The urn refers to a find in 1910; in the outlying area of “Kriegwald”, this two-handled glass urn from the last third of the first century AD was unearthed. The field tincture vert (green) and the three ears of wheat refer to agriculture, which is still practised in the municipality today. The blue fleur-de-lis is a charge once borne by the Karden Collegiate Foundation; Lieg is known to have belonged to this ecclesiastical institution as early as 1475. The Maria Engelport Convent is represented by the charge in the third quarter, a wing. Beginning in 1275, the Convent held an estate and a great deal of land in Lieg. These holdings were auctioned off in 1813, during the French occupation. The chalice is Saint Goar’s attribute, thus representing the municipality’s and the church’s patron saint, an honour that he is known to have held since 1656.
Culture and sightseeing
The following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments:
- Hauptstraße 22 – estate complex; timber-frame house, partly solid, earlier half of the 19th century, timber-frame barn, partly solid, late 19th century
- Hauptstraße 33 – Quereinhaus (a combination residential and commercial house divided for these two purposes down the middle, perpendicularly to the street); timber-frame building, partly slated, mansard roof, 18th century
- Hauptstraße 34 – timber-frame house, partly solid or slated, marked 1702, quite possibly from the 19th century
- Hauptstraße 40 – Quereinhaus; timber-frame building, partly slated, 18th century
- Hauptstraße 45 – Quereinhaus; timber-frame building, partly solid, about 1800; whole complex
- Kirchstraße – Saint Goar’s Catholic Parish Church (Pfarrkirche St. Goar); aisleless church, marked 1764/65, west tower, marked 1790
- Ringstraße 15 – timber-frame house, partly solid, 18th century, upper-floor addition in the 19th century
- On Landesstraße (State Road) 108 – Saint Wendelin’s Chapel (Wendelinuskapelle); quarrystone building, 1908
- Wayside chapel with cross – plastered building, inside, a wayside cross, 18th century
- Hunsrückmusikanten Lieg (musicians)
- Sport club
- Volunteer fire brigade
- Church choir
- Men’s choir
- Frauengemeinschaft (Women’s Association)
The Hunsrück-Mosel-Radweg, a cycle path, runs through the municipality.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lieg|
- Municipality’s official webpage (German)
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.