|— City —|
|• Mayor||Isao Mizukoshi (since April 2002)|
|• Total||138.73 km2 (53.56 sq mi)|
|Population (April 2012)|
|• Density||938/km2 (2,430/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Satsuki azalea|
|Address||1-1 Siomi, Kisarazu-shi, Chiba-ken 292-8501|
|Website||City of Kisarazu|
Kisarazu (木更津市 Kisarazu-shi ) is a city located in Chiba, Japan. As of April 2012, Kisarazu has an estimated population of 130,119 and a population density of 938 persons per km². The total area was 138.73 km².
Kisarazu's profile has been raised in recent times by the popularity of the TV show and subsequent film, Kisarazu Cat's Eye, which were set and filmed in the city.
Kisarazu is located in the western part of the Bōsō Peninsula. The Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line, a bridge-tunnel across Tokyo Bay, connects Kisarazu and the cities of Kawasaki and Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture.
The area of modern Kisarazu has been inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period, and numerous remains from the Jomon, Yayoi and Kofun period have been found within the city limits. The area also is prominent in the Yamatotakeru mythology. Under the Ritsuryo system of the Nara period, the area became part of Kazusa Province. The area was contested between the Late Hōjō clan, Takeda clan and Satomi clan during the Sengoku period. During the Edo period under the Tokugawa shogunate, part of the area was under the control of the feudal domain of Jōzai, with large portions as tenryō territory controlled directly by the Shognate and administered by numerous hatamoto.
Meiji Restoration and Kisarazu Prefecture
Kisarazu was part of the complex reconfiguration of administrative areas at the start of the Meiji period. In 1871, as part of the abolition of the han system, the Sakurai Domain, located partly in Kisarazu, was absolished and Sakurai Prefecture was established.
In November of the same year, the prefecture was combined with the former Awa Province and Kazusa Province to form Kisarazu Prefecture. The prefectural seat was established in the present-day Kaifusa district of Kisarazu. Kisarazu Prefecture was established two years later in 1873. It was combined with Inba Prefecture to form present-day Chiba Prefecture.
World War II and Post-War Period
Kisarazu was developed as a center for military activity as part of the militarization of Japan in the 1930s. In 1935-1936 the Imperial Japanese Navy, established the Kisarazu Air Field for the Kisarazu Air Group on landfill in the northern part of Kisarazu to protect Tokyo from attack. The base served as an arsenal for the IJN, and employed up to 17,000 workers during the war. The Nakajima Kikka, Japan's first jet-powered aircraft, was tested at the base in 1945. The base was used by the United States Air Force from 1945 as "Kisarazu Air Base". In 1956, the base was officially transferred to the control of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).
Kisarazu Town, originally founded on April 1, 1889, was expanded through merger with neighboring Aoyagi Town on March 31, 1955, and again through merger with Amaha Town and Osawa Town on April 25, 1971. Kisarazu attained city status on November 3, 1942.
Kisarazu has a mixed economy based on commercial fishing, agriculture, and heavy industry along its Tokyo Bay shoreline. It serves as the commercial center for central Bōsō Peninsula, and is increasingly a bedroom community of the Kawasaki – Yokohama metropolis across Tokyo Bay.
- Tateyama Expressway
- Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line
- Ken-Ō Expressway
- Japan National Route 16
- Japan National Route 127
- Japan National Route 409
- Japan National Route 410
- Port of Kisarazu
Noted people from Kisarazu
- Haruo Oka - musician
- Hideki Takahashi - actor
- Akira Nakao - actor
- Kaori Fukuhara – voice actress
- Miyuki Miura – karate master
Media related to Kisarazu, Chiba at Wikimedia Commons