Julius von Michel
He studied at the of Universities of Würzburg and Zurich, and in 1866 served as a military physician in the Austro-Prussian War. From 1868 to 1870 he was an assistant to Johann Friedrich Horner (1831–1886) at the University Eye Clinic in Zurich. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) he again served as a military doctor, and afterwards worked with Gustav Schwalbe (1844–1916) at Carl Ludwig's Physiological Institute in Leipzig.
In 1872 he earned his habilitation in Leipzig, and subsequently became an associate professor of ophthalmology at the University of Erlangen, where in 1873 he attained full professorship. From 1879 to 1900 he was a professor at the University of Würzburg, and in 1900 he succeeded Karl Ernst Theodor Schweigger (1830–1905) at the University of Berlin.
Michel is remembered for work involving tuberculosis of the eye, and his pioneer research of central retinal vein thrombosis. With Hermann Kuhnt (1850–1925), he founded the journal Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde. Among his written works are Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde (Textbook of Ophthalmology- 1890) and Klinischer Leitfaden der Augenheilkunde (Guide to Clinical Ophthalmology).