|Area||6.86 km2 (2.65 sq mi)|
|Elevation||440 m (1444 ft)|
|Population||343 (31 December 2011)|
|- Density||50 /km2 (129 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Horn is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Simmern, whose seat is in the like-named town.
In the 12th century, Horn had its first documentary mention in connection with the noble family that bore the same name, but it seems that the actual “first mention” in 1135 is a falsified document. Nevertheless, a genuine document from 1166 has the same contents and names the same persons, thus confirming the 12th century, at least, as the earliest time when the village is known to have existed.
Together with Laubach and Bubach, Horn belonged at this time to the Imperially Immediate Estate (Reichsgut). Landholdings seem to have been held by a noble family von Horn. It could be that this family’s noble seat was at the castle, the Horner Burg. The complex’s remnants can be found west of the village. In shape it was a special form of motte-and-bailey. In 1567, Johann von Koppenstein sold Meinhard von Schöneberg the remnants.
In 1302, Horn was pledged to the Counts of Sponheim and thereafter ended up with the Counts Palatine. In 1367, Horn was granted limited town rights. In 1410, the village passed to the newly formed Duchy of Simmern, and in 1673 it passed back to Electoral Palatinate. Beginning in 1794, Horn lay under French rule. In 1814 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna. Since 1946, it has been part of the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
Horn’s mayor is Volker Härter.
Culture and sightseeing
- Evangelical church, Wilhelm-Oertel-Straße 11 – Baroque aisleless church, 1781/1782, princely Salm court master builder Johann Thomas Petri; Baroque graveyard wall; whole complex of buildings with graveyard
- Hauptstraße 29 – timber-frame Quereinhaus (a combination residential and commercial house divided for these two purposes down the middle, perpendicularly to the street), 19th century
- Hauptstraße 30 – one-floor quarrystone building, earlier half of the 19th century
- Wilhelm-Oertel-Straße – cast-iron fountain basin, Rheinböllen Ironworks, late 19th century
- Wilhelm-Oertel-Straße 4 – former rectory; estate complex: house, marked 1750, timber-frame barn/stable, partly solid, latter half of the 19th century; whole complex of buildings
- Ringwall, south of Horn – so-called Horner Burg; defensive complex, 10th or 11th century
Sons and daughters of the town
- Achim R. Baumgarten: Horner Chronik. Ein Dorf im Wandel der Zeiten. Horn 1997
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Horn, Germany|
- Horn in the collective municipality’s webpages (German)
- Brief portrait of Horn with film at SWR Fernsehen (German)
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.