Moulin, a shopkeeper's son, entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1855 but was unable to afford to continue the lessons and had to become a language teacher in Paris to support himself. He subsequently studied with Auguste-Louis-Marie Ottin and with Antoine-Louis Barye.
His bronze statue A Lucky Find at Pompeii (Une Trouvaille à Pompei) (1863) depicts a nude boy with a spade dancing for joy with one leg raised, because he has unearthed a Roman statuette. His nude pose reflects that of the statuette itself, possibly indicating that the statue depicts the excavator imagining himself in the original statuette's pose. The statue won a medal at the Paris Salon of 1864 and became his most famous work. The life-size original was bought by the French Government for 7,000 francs and exhibited at the Exposition Universelle in 1867. It now[update] stands on a tall pedestal in the Musée d'Orsay alongside Alexandre Falguière's Winner of the Cockfight on an adjacent pedestal - another bronze nude dancing boy poised on one leg that had also been exhibited at the 1864 Salon.
Moulin won further Salon medals in 1867 and 1869, and another at the Exposition Universelle, 1878.
His other works include Victoria Mars (plaster exhibited at the Salon of 1872) and A Secret from On High (Secret d'en Haut) (plaster 1873; marble 1875, now also in the Musée d'Orsay alongside other marble statues.)
Moulin spent his last few years in a rest home for the mentally ill.
Biographical information adapted from Peter Fusco and H.W. Janson, The Romantics to Rodin: French Nineteenth-century Sculpture from North American Collections (Los Angeles County Museum of Art) 1980. (ISBN 0-87587-091-0)
- Insecula (French language): index to pages on A Secret from On High and A Lucky Find at Pompeii
- Insecula: index to three views of Falguière's Winner of the Cockfight in which Moulin's adjacent A Lucky Find at Pompeii is also prominently visible
- Visitor photo of A Lucky Find at Pompeii - links to 1 Mb version (DeviantArt)
- A secret from On High (misidentified as Pan and Bacchus; links to very big version) (Webshots)