Henry Payne (artist)
|Henry Payne (artist)|
Self portrait (circa 1890)
|Training||Birmingham School of Art, also under Christopher Whall|
|Influenced by||Christopher Whall, Arts and Crafts movement|
Payne was one of the Birmingham Group of Artist-Craftsmen who formed around Joseph Southall and the Birmingham School of Art in the late nineteenth century. He was involved in several of the group's collective projects, most notably the decoration of the chapel at Madresfield Court, which numbers among the seminal achievements of the Arts and Crafts movement.
Early years and studies
Born in the King's Heath area of Birmingham, Payne studied under Edward R. Taylor at the Birmingham School of Art, where he was one of the students commissioned to paint a series of murals under Taylor's supervision for the redecoration of Birmingham Town Hall - the first "outward and visible sign of the rise to fame and importance of the Birmingham School".
Birmingham School educator
In 1899 Payne was appointed to the School's staff, initially as a teacher of drawing and painting, but increasingly concentrating through the 1890s on the design of stained glass. In 1900 he installed a glass kiln at the school and studied stained glass manufacture in London under Christopher Whall so that, in the Arts and Crafts tradition, design and manufacture could be taught as an integrated process.
Stained glass and painting
From at least 1904 onwards he established an independent business designing and manufacturing stained glass, producing large and notable works for churches such as E. S. Prior's St. Andrew’s, Roker, St Martins, Kensal Rise, St Mary's, Madresfield and J. L. Pearson's St Alban's, Bordesley.
In common with most of the Birmingham Group he worked across a wide variety of media, producing book illustrations for the Birmingham Guild of Handicraft and interior decoration for the Bromsgrove Guild of Applied Arts. Although most prolific in stained glass, Payne's most notable achievements were arguably in the field of decorative painting. Between 1902 and 1923 he worked on the wall paintings of the chapel at Madresfield Court near Malvern in Worcestershire. Painted as fresco in tempera and sitting alongside work by other figures of the Birmingham Arts and Crafts movement such as William Bidlake, Georgie Gaskin and Charles March Gere, Madresfield Court is "not only Payne's most important scheme of decorative painting, but probably the most famous of all such Arts and Crafts schemes".
In 1908 he was commissioned to produce a wall painting for the later stages of the decoration of the Palace of Westminster. His work The Plucking of the Red and White Roses in the Temple Garden - an allegory on the Wars of the Roses - now hangs in the Palace's East Corridor.
St Loe's Guild
In Amberley, Payne continued producing work in fresco and stained glass, and in 1912 established St Loe's Guild, initially modelled in the Arts and Crafts tradition on the Bromsgrove Guild, though ultimately little more than a vehicle for his own works.
- Madresfield Court The Elmley Foundation
- Breeze, George: "Decorative Painting" in Crawford, Alan (ed): By Hammer and Hand : the Arts and Crafts Movement in Birmingham, Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, 1984 pp 62-65
- Harrison, Martin: "Stained Glass: Windows on another World" in Crawford, Alan (ed): By Hammer and Hand : the Arts and Crafts Movement in Birmingham, Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, 1984 pp 120-123
- "Henry Arthur Payne (1868-1940)" in Christian, John (ed): The Last Romantics: The Romantic Tradition in British Art - Burne-Jones to Stanley Spencer. London, Lund Humphries Publishers, 1993 ISBN 0-85331-552-3
- Henry A. Payne (1868 - 1940) The Modernist Journals Project for students and scholars of modernism