Henry Brown (New Zealand politician)
|Henry Brown (year unknown)|
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament
1896 – 1899
|Preceded by||In abeyance (last held by George Albert Marchant)|
|Succeeded by||Edward Metcalf Smith|
|Died||10 March 1921 (aged 78)
Inglewood, New Zealand
|Spouse(s)||Harriet Brown (née Brooking)|
Brown was born in 1842 in Lincolnshire, England. His parents were Sophia Brown and the Rev. Henry Handley Brown (1813–1893), who had been appointed to the Omata District by the Bishop Selwyn. In North Kesteven, the Reverend was Rector of Burton Pedwardine and Vicar of Howell, where his parishioners gave him £50 for land in the colony.
Henry Brown received his education in Neuwied, Germany and Lausanne, Switzerland. He arrived with his parents and siblings (Sophie, Francis 'Frank', Mary, Frances, Caroline, John, Thomas, and William) in New Plymouth on 4 March 1859 on the Eclipse and they settled in Omata. During the First Taranaki War, he served in the volunteers for about four years, and received the New Zealand Medal. When five settlers, including two boys, were either shot or tomahawked by Māori in the Omata district on 27 March 1860, the Browns were still in their house and felt safe, as church ministers were regarded as tapu or untouchable by the Māori. The events eventually led to the Battle of Waireka. The family relocated to Nelson, but the brothers Henry and Frank stayed behind to fight. They both fought at the Battle of Mahoetahi, where Frank was one of the two Pakeha settlers killed on 6 November 1860. Brown became an ensign in the Rifles in 1863, and in the militia became a lieutenant (1865) and then captain (1871).
In 1867, he married Harriet Brown (née Brooking), a daughter of John Brooking of New Plymouth, and they had one son and one daughter.
Brown was interested in the timber trade in the neighbourhood of New Plymouth for about ten years, and was one of the pioneers of Inglewood, where he established a timber mill in 1877, which became one of the largest mills in New Zealand. The main factory remained at Inglewood, but the head office was located in New Plymouth, where they also had a timber yard. Brown & Co was an important manufacturer of butter boxes used in the export of butter, and at the turn of the century they produced between 30,000 and 40,000 units annually.
|Parliament of New Zealand|
In the 1896 election, he contested the newly established Taranaki electorate against the incumbent in the discontinued New Plymouth electorate, Edward Metcalf Smith. Brown defeated Smith and served for one term until the 1899 election, when he was in turn defeated by Smith.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited 1908, p. 48.
- "Untitled". Puke Ariki. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Taranaki Volunteer Rifle Corps". Taranaki Herald. Volume VII, Issue 344, 5 March 1859. p. 3. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Scholefield 1940, p. 101.
- "Eclipse". Rootsweb. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "The Taranaki Herald". Taranaki Herald. Volume VII, Issue 344, 5 March 1859. p. 3. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Obituary". Hawera & Normanby Star. Volume XLI, 11 March 1921. p. 4. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Battle of Mahoetahi". Wellington Independent. Volume XV, Issue 1470, 9 November 1860. p. 3. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "History". inglewood.co.nz. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- [paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=TH19011127.2.30 "Henry Brown & Co"] Check
|url=scheme (help). Taranaki Herald. Volume XLIX, Issue 11828, 27 November 1901. p. 2. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Wilson 1985, p. 185.
- "Personal Matters". Evening Post. Volume CI, Issue 62, 14 March 1921. p. 8. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Henry Brown (New Zealand politician)|
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- Scholefield, Guy Hardy (1940). A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Volume I, A-L. Wellington: New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840–1984 (4 ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
|New Zealand Parliament|
Title last held byGeorge Albert Marchant
|Member of Parliament for Taranaki
Edward Metcalf Smith