|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (August 2010)|
Heinrich George in front of his house, 1930.
|Born||Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz
October 9, 1893
|Died||September 25, 1946
Oranienburg, Brandenburg, Speziallager Nr. 7 Sachsenhausen
Heinrich George (9 October 1893 – 25 September 1946), born Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz, was a German stage and film actor.
George was an active member of the Communist party during the Weimar Republic. He worked with noted left-wing dramatists Erwin Piscator and Bertolt Brecht. He had also starred in the lead role of the 1931 film Berlin-Alexanderplatz.
After the Nazi takeover, George was initially classified as a "non-desirable" actor because of his earlier political affiliations and was thus barred from working in cinematic productions. However, he was able to reach an accommodation with the Nazi regime. In 1937, George was designated as a Staatsschauspieler (i.e. an actor of national importance) and in 1938 was appointed director of the Schiller Theater in Berlin. George actively collaborated with the Nazis and agreed to star in Nazi propaganda films such as Hitlerjunge Quex, Jud Süß, and Kolberg as well as appearing in numerous newsreels.
George had a stocky build and a Berlin accent which made him readily recognizable to German audiences. George's prestige as a leading actor of the day made him an "extraordinarily valuable catch for the Nazis." Cooke and Silberman describe him as "the actor most closely tied with fascist fantasies of the autocratic and the populist leader".
Although Heinrich George had been a member of the German Communist Party before the Nazi takeover, he was nonetheless interned as a Nazi collaborator at the Soviet concentration camp in Sachsenhausen where he died in 1946.
Heinrich George married the German actress Berta Drews. They had two sons: Jan George and actor Götz George.
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- Peter Laregh: Heinrich George. Komödiant seiner Zeit. Langen Müller (Herbig), München 1992, ISBN 3-7844-2363-9
- Werner Maser: Heinrich George. Mensch, aus Erde gemacht. Quintessenz Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-86124-351-2
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- Kurt Fricke: Heinrich George, in: Bernd Heidenreich/Sönke Neitzel (eds.): Medien im Nationalsozialismus. Schöningh Paderborn, 2010, S. 83–107, ISBN 978-3-506-76710-3
- Michael Klonovsky, Jan von Flocken: Stalins Lager in Deutschland 1945–1950. Dokumentation – Zeugenberichte. Ullstein-Verlag, 1991, ISBN 978-3-550-07488-2
- Horst Mesalla: Heinrich George. Rekonstruktion der schauspielerischen Leistung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der zeitgenössischen Publizistik. Dissertation, Freie Universität Berlin, 1969.