|— City —|
|• Mayor||Takayuki Ishimori (石森 孝志 Takayuki Ishimori )|
|• Total||186.31 km2 (71.93 sq mi)|
|Population (January 1, 2010)|
|• Density||2,962.27/km2 (7,672.2/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Gold-banded lily|
|- Bird||Blue and white fly catcher|
|Address||3-24-1 Motohongo-cho, Hachiōji-shi, Tokyo
As of January 1, 2010, the city has an estimated population of 551,901 and a population density of 2,962.27/km². The total area is 186.31 km². It is the eighth largest city in the Greater Tokyo Area. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachiōji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao (599 m) and Mount Jinba (857 m), two popular hiking destinations which can be reached by train and bus, respectively. Two major national roads, Route 16 (which connects Kawagoe in the north with Yokohama in the south) and Route 20, the former Kōshū Kaidō.
Although Hachiōji only gained city status on September 1, 1917, it has been an important junction point and post-town along the Kōshū Highway, the main road that connected the historical Edo (today's Tokyo) with Western Japan since medieval times, especially during the Edo period. For a short period of time, a castle, Hachiōji Castle (八王子城 Hachiōji-jō ) existed in the area. It was built in 1584 by Hōjō Ujiteru (北条氏照), but was soon destroyed in 1590 during General Toyotomi Hideyoshi's attempt to gain control over all of Japan. During the Meiji period, Hachiōji prospered as an important location for the production of silk and silk textiles. The industry faded away, however, in the 1960s. Today, Hachiōji mainly serves as a commuter town for people working in Tokyo, and as a location for many large colleges and universities.
Hachiōji stretches over a vast area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west. Mt. Takao (599m) is a very popular hiking destination in the southwest, easily accessible through the Keio Takao Line. It is famous for the Takao Shrine (高尾神社 Takao-jinja ) and the Shingon Buddhist temple Takao-san Yakuōin Yūkiji (高尾山薬王院有喜寺). The Tama Forest Science Garden is also of interest. Mt. Jinba (855 m) is more difficult to reach, requiring a one-hour bus ride from the city center. It is popular, however, because of the scenic view toward Mt. Fuji.
The city operates its public elementary and junior high schools.
Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education
- Fujimori High School
- Hachiōji East High School
- Hachiōji North High School
- Hachiōji Soushi High School
- Hachiōji Takushin High School
- Hachiōji Technical High School
- Katakura High School
- Matsugaya High School
- Minamitama High School
- Shoyo High School
- St.Paul High School
The metropolis operates the Hachiōji School for the Blind.
Nippon Engineering College is also in Hachiōji.
- Chuo University
- Digital Hollywood University
- Hosei University (Tama Campus)
- Kogakuin University
- Kyorin University (Hachiōji Campus)
- Meisei University (Hino Campus)
- Nihon Bunka University
- Soka University of Japan, which has a sister school in the USA, Soka University of America
- Tama Art University (Hachiōji Campus)
- Takushoku University (Hachiōji Campus)
- Teikyo University (Hachiōji Campus)
- Tokyo Junshin Women's College
- Tokyo Kasei-Gakuin University (Machida Campus)
- Tokyo Metropolitan University
- Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
- Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences
- Tokyo University of Technology (Hachiōji Campus)
- Tokyo Zokei University of Art and Design
- 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. p. 115.
- 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 1. p. 263.
Media related to Hachioji, Tokyo at Wikimedia Commons
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