Geography of Åland
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The Åland archipelago consists of nearly three hundred inhabitable islands, of which about eighty are inhabited; the remainder are some 6,000 skerries and desolate rocks. The archipelago is connected to Turkuland archipelago in the east (Finnish: Turunmaan saaristo, Swedish: Åbolands skärgård) — the archipelago adjacent to the southwest coast of Finland.
The surface of the islands are generally rocky, the soil thin, and the climate keen. There are several harbours, most notably at Ytternäs.
The islands' landmass occupies a total area of 1,512 square kilometres (584 sq mi). Ninety per cent of the population live on Fasta Åland (the Main Island), also the site of the capital town of Mariehamn. Fasta Åland is the largest island in the archipelago, extending over 1,010 square kilometres, more than 70% of the province's land area, and stretching 50 kilometres (31 mi) from north to south and 45 kilometres (28 mi) from east to west.