|The Catalan / Valencian cultural domain|
Coat of arms of the Generalitat Valenciana
The Generalitat Valenciana (Valencian pronunciation: [dʒeneɾaliˈtad valensiˈana]) is the generic name covering the different self government institutions under which the Spanish autonomous community of Valencia is politically organised.
It consists of the Corts Valencianes (or autonomous Parliament), the President of the Generalitat, and the autonomous government itself (or Consell). Its functions are regulated by the Valencian Statute of Autonomy. Despite being also present in various cities of the Valencian Community, the main see of the autonomous Parliament, presidency of the Generalitat and the Consell are all in the city of Valencia. There is also an office in Brussels appointed by the Generalitat Valenciana lobbying before the European Union.
The Generalitat Valenciana was created in 1418. It acted, along with the Monarch shared with the other territories of the Crown of Aragon, as the ruling body of the Kingdom of Valencia. Originally its posts were designated for three years terms. In 1510 there was a reorganization on how posts were designated, in a more automatic and less elective way. This organization kept this structure until 1709, when it was abolished as a consequence of the War of the Spanish Succession and the subsequent Nueva Planta decrees.
The Generalitat Valenciana was not re-established until 1982, after the corresponding Valencian Statute of Autonomy was approved.
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