||This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2011)|
|— city —|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of 2001[update] India census, Gangakhed had a population of 40,412. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gangakhed has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 68%, and female literacy is 52%. In Gangakhed, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age which may have changed significantly through the last decade. It is the largest Taluka in Parbhani district.
Gangakhed has great historical background. It is the birth place of Shree Sant Janabai. As it is situated on the bank of Godawari river it has largest number of various temples on the bank of the holly river. Here we can see the old Rajwada (palace) of the time of Shivaji Maharaj. Shree Balaji temple which is the only temple like Tirupati Balaji in the world having both Balaji and Govinda under a roof. From many years Navratra festival is celebrated with the big event "Rath Yatra". Also, the Chintamani Mandir, of lord ganesha, which is situated 100 mtrs near to the Balaji Temple on the bank of river, giving a nice view of entire Godawari river. People celebrate Cahturthi and other poojas at this place. Some more temples to mention are - Bomblya mahadev, Narsimha mandir that are placed on the river bank.
There is a sugar factory with a combined cycle power plant in Gangakhed which caters to the sugarcane farmers in the local region. Several small scale businesses and business agencies thrive mostly around agricultural sector. There is also Edible Oil industry which runs by public & Private sector,this region is famous for edible oil production & also famous for cotton production & related industries because Gangakhed is located on Deccan Trap & bank of river Godavari so the Regur soil is here & this soil is very useful for cotton production.
There is a Government Hospital and several private hospitals in the town. Patients can get fairly good quality healthcare locally. But for complicated medical diagnoses, treatments and procedures, they have to go to nearby cities such as Parbhani, Nanded, Latur and Aurangabad.
There are many schools in Gangakhed for the primary and secondary education. Along with these there is a big established college for Arts, Commerce and Science with the name of "Sant Janabai" and are many small colleges for D.Ed.,B.Ed., BCS,BCA under Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University.
Gangakhed has a train station which is located between Parbhani Junction and Parli Junction.
Gangakhed has direct roads to Parbhani, Parli, Nanded.
Although Gangakhed is situated on the bank of Godavari, a major river in the country, it does not have any means of transportation via water due to lack of enough water level and preference toward road and rail transports.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.