|— Inhabited island —|
|Geographic atoll||Gnaviyani Atoll|
|Administrative atoll||Gnaviyani Atoll|
|Distance to Malé||494 km (307 mi)|
|• Council||Fuvahmulah Atoll Council|
|• Length||4.5 km (2.8 mi)|
|• Width||1.2 km (0.7 mi)|
|Population (June 2010)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+05:00)|
Fuvahmulah (Dhivehi: ފުވައްމުލައް) is an island (atoll) in the Maldives. It is under Maldive administrative divisions of Gnaviyani Atoll or Nyaviyani Atoll. The inhabitants speak a distinctive form of the Dhivehi language, known as Mulaku bas.
Fuvahmulah means "Island of the Areca nut palms", Fuvah (or "Fua") in the local language. Other places in the world like Penang in Malaysia and Guwahati in Assam, India, are also named after this nut. The original name of the island could have been Mulah, but was called Fuvahmulah (the Mulah with the areca nut palms) to distinguish it from Boli Mulah – another island in ancient Maldives.
The admiralty charts and some geographers named the island Fua Mulaku. In old French maps the island appeared under the name Poue Molluque.
The island is about 4.5 km by 1.2 km with a submerged reef (Rashikedefaro) extending for about three km in a SE direction. In the past Fuvahmulah was a small coral atoll whose southern end was open at a spot called Diyarehifaando and the inside of the island was a saltwater lagoon forming a natural harbor. There is a spot on the southern end known as a Kudhuheraival (a forest of a small islet), which may indicate it was a separate island.
The channel connecting the lagoon with the ocean was closed by massive coral boulders in the past. Thus the inside of the island is lower than its edges. In time the inner lagoon lost its saltiness and all that remains today are two small lakes, wetlands and marshy taro fields. In this respect, Fuvahmulah is like the island of Nukutavake in the Central Pacific.
The northern lake of the island is "Dhadimagi-Kilhi" and the southern is "Bandaara-Kilhi" (lit. "Harbour Lake" because there was talk among the locals about making a harbor by connecting it with the sea by a canal).
Lacking a lagoon and being subject to ocean swells, Fuvahmulah was often inaccessible to seafarers. In the early 2000s a harbor was built at the SE tip of the island, which has minimized the problem to a certain extent.
Fuvahmulah was traditionally divided into nine wards. From North to South these wards were: (1) Dhadimago, (2) Diguvāndo (both stretching from East to West shore), (3) Hōdhado, (5) Dhashokubaa (both segmental) and separated by, (4) Mādhado, (A diagonal strip of parallel width). The other four divisions, occupying the Southern part of the island, consisted of two Eastern and Western strips, bisected into four wards, (6) Mālegan and (8) Dūndigan lying to the East, (7) Miskimmago and (9) Funādo to the West.
In time, some changes were made. In the 1950s, the number of wards were reduced to eight, with the village of Dhashokubaa being merged with Miskimmago. Since then, no changes were made though the increase in population of some wards has put pressure on the neighboring areas, resulting in the extension of some wards with time, and some claims out of the traditional boundaries. An example of such a case is that of the Hōdhado ward. The northerly extension of the settlements of Hōdhado ward by time led to the land from eastern strip of Dhiguvaando and Dhadimago wards being claimed by the village. A similar case occurred in the Funaado-Dundingan boundaries to the south of the island. However, no formal changes have been made in any of the cases and area claims of different views remain up to this day. The officially used maps and government sources as well do not portray any significant changes to the traditional boundaries. Thus, the boundaries of the wards are still to be decided and are subject to change.
Taking into consideration the geography of Fuvahmulah along with its size and population, the 8 wards of the island are officially considered to be administrative divisions which act as the replacement for islands in other atolls. In the past, a chief ('Katheeb') was appointed in charge of the day-to-day affairs of each ward of the island as was done for the remote islands of the other atolls. With the introduction of local government policy in the Maldives, the Decentralization Act of 2010 passed by the People's majlis specifically states that in the case of Fuvahmulah an island council has to be elected for each ward of the island. So like the islands of other atolls across the country, the wards of the island act as separate constituencies. From February 2011 onwards the councils have started functioning.
This is the largest division of the island, located on the north-west of the island. A center of learning as well as an important location for the island's economy. Throughout history, scholars and personalities came into being from this district housing many of the historical sites and landmarks of the island. The number of 'Hafiz's from this district outnumber that of any other district in Fuvahmulah.
- Places of interest
- Thoondu: A white sandy beach on the north of the island. It is a well known feature of Dhadimago as well as that of the whole Fuvahmulah. Hundreds of people visit this beach everyday, and this figure is higher on special occasions like Maahibun.
- Dhadimagi kilhi: One among the two fresh water lakes in Fuvahmulah. Found in the center of the district.
- Gemmiskiy: The oldest building in Fuvahmulah. In the pre-Islamic period it was a part of the Buddhist monastery and later was the first mosque to be built after the whole island converted to Islam.
- The Havitta: An ancient ruin of possibly a Buddhist stupa (burial mound). Located within the historical boundaries of the district.
- Madharusathu-Sheikh Mohammed Jamaaluddeen: One of the four primary schools in Fuvahmulah. This school has been a successful primary school throughout the years.
- Ulaa pre-school: One of the pre-schools (Kindergarten) in Fuvahmulah.
- Dhanbo Baal (Dhanvah Baal): A dense vegetation of Syzygium cumini (Jambul) locally known as Dhanvah associated with the Dhadimagi Kilhi. Wood from the trees is durable in water and resistant to termites. It was used for boat building and for construction purposes in the past. Not only the islanders benefitted from it, but was also exported to the neighbouring atolls. This plant variety is nearly extinct elsewhere in the Maldives.
- Dhadimago Fanno: An iconic feature of Dhadimago, used for recreational purposes. This figure is much higher in occasions like Eid (Feast of Breaking the Fast). For Eid celebrations this place stands out in Fuvahmulah history.
- Neregando: A famous anchorage of Fuvahmulah and a traditional harbour. It is a landmark of the boat building industry of the island.
Located just after Dhadimago, this is one of the largest districts in Fuvahmulah. . Apart from Dhadimago, the district also share borders with Hōdhado and Mādhado.
Many residents of Diguvāndo rely on white collar jobs for their income. Retail business is a main source of income as well. The most prominent feature of this district is the "Chas bin" (an area of wet land) associated with the Dhadimagi-Kilhi. Large amounts of Taro fields can be found in the wet land area. Vast plantings of Areca nut can be found in the district. Mango and Breadfruit can be found in reasonable quantities. Almost every house in the district has a Mango tree.
- Places of interest
- The Wathaniya communications antenna: Located in the Aruffanno Mago and Mohammed Jamaaluddin Naibu Thutthu Mago junction, it is the tallest structure in the Maldives, along with the Dhiraagu Communications antenna on the island. Both structures stand 400 feet tall.
- Foundation School: One of the pre-schools in Fuvahmulah.
- Aruffanno: A traditional harbour (anchorage) of the island.
- A significant part of the marsh land area associated with the Dhadimagi Kilhi.
Hōdhado is the smallest district in Fuvahmulah. During the late 20th century, the increase in population of the district led to pressure on land in the neighbouring areas. This led to a northern extension of the village, resulting in land from Dhadimago and Diguvando wards being claimed to the village. Though this has resulted in a change of the believed-to-be areas in a disputed state, no formal changes have been made and the actual area of the ward is still to be decided.
Hōdhado is the first district in Fuvahmulah to have accepted Islam. The smaller size of the village with less people during the time of conversion may be the main reason for the village being the first district to be converted. What is clear from historical sources is that smaller districts of Fuvahmulah converted first and the larger districts last.. Hōdhado is a remarkable ward in Fuvahmulah. Historically, many residents of Hōdhado depended on fishing as the primary source of income, although today retail business along with white collar jobs have diminished the dependency on fishing. One of the traditional harbours of Fuvahmulah, "Anbule Athiri" is located within Hōdhado which explains the district's continued dependency on fishing.
- Places of interest
- Anbule Athiri: One of the traditional harbours of Fuvahmulah.
- Naaibu Aboobakuru School: One of the four primary schools in Fuvahmulah.
- Hanihari Miskiy: One of the oldest mosques in Fuvahmulah built during the earliest days of Islam in Fuvahmulah.
- Hoadhadu Miskiy: One of the oldest mosques in Fuvahmulah built during the earliest days of Islam in Fuvahmulah.
- Claimed places
- The Havitta: An ancient ruin of possibly a Buddhist stupa. Due to the northerly extension of the village towards the end of the 20th Century and settlement of the villagers of the ward in the area by time, today the Havitta is generally considered to be a part of this village though the Havitta is within the historical boundaries of the district of Dhadimago.
With changes over time, this is the smallest district in Fuvahmulah. Located in the center of the island, this district houses the strategically most important buildings on the island. This district shares borders with Diguvāndo, Hōdhado, Mālegan and Miskimmago.
- Places of interest
- The Dhiraagu communications antenna: The tallest structure in the Maldives, along with the Wathaniya communications antenna on the island. Both structures stand 400 feet tall.
- Atoll Office: The highest administrative unit of the atoll as a whole.
- Island Office: The headquarters of the island chiefs appointed for the 8 wards of the island.
- Gn. Atoll Education Center: The only Secondary as well as Higher Secondary School in Fuvahmulah.
- Wataniya Fuvahmulaku Branch
- State Trading Organisation Fuvahmulaku Branch
- Bank of Maldives Fuvahmulaku Branch
- MNDF establishment in Fuvahmulah
- Fuvahmulaku Police Station
- Fuvahmulaku Youth Center
- Fuvahmulaku Social Center
This village stretches along the island fringe facing the Northeast. With some of the most significant features of the island this district shares borders with Mādhado, Miskimmago, Funādo and Dūndigan.
- Places of interest
- Hukuru Miskih: One of the most significant mosques being the only Friday mosque on the island
- Bandaara Kilhi: One of the two fresh water lakes on the island. The main lake in its true sense is located within this ward with about three-fourth of the whole lake along with its major areas centered within this ward.
- Rasgefanno: Previously, the most famous anchorage of the island.
- Maalegan Preschool: One of the preschools (Kindergarten) in Fuvahmulah.
The former Dashokubai village was merged with Miskiymago. This village has merged with neighboring Funādo on its southern end and Madhado on its northern end. The village shares borders with Maalegan ward towards the north-east of the village.
- Places of interest
- Gn. Atoll Education Center: The only secondary as well as Higher Secondary School in Fuvahmulah.
- Heraha Mago: The transverse street which cuts across this village houses the Fire and Rescue Service Building, the Local Market and many of the businesses. Mānere anchorage can be found at the southern tip of the street. About three-fourths of the Heraha mago is within Miskiymago and the remaining one-fourth is within Maalegan ward to the north-east of the district.
- Mānere: A historical harbour (anchorage) of Fuvahmulah. This anchorage is used in the NE monsoon season (Iruvai).
- Bandaara Kilhi: One of the two fresh water lakes in Fuvahmulah. About one-fourth of the lake (a segmental part) is located in Miskiymago.
- The Local Market: All agricultural products as well as traditional food varieties of Fuvahmulah can be bought here.
- The Fire and Rescue Service Building
This is the southernmost and one of the largest wards in Fuvahmulah. This district houses a center of learning.
- Places of interest
- Bondo Kirigehe (Bodu Nikagas): Allegedly the oldest tree in Fuvahmulah.
- Hafiz Ahmed School: One of the four primary schools in Fuvahmulah.
- Diyarehifaando: The mouth of the island's lagoon in the past.
- Ribaath: A historical shrine from the ancient past.
- "Kalho akiri gando": A unique location of black pebbles which can be found in the beach areas of Funaadu and Dhoondigan.
- Fuvahmulaku Airport: Airport of Fuvahmulah is situated in the areas of Funaadu and Dhoondigan.
This is the most populous district and by area the second largest division of the island. This village lies in the southeastern corner of the island. It has merged with Mālegan on its northern end. Being a center of learning as well as an important location for all islanders as it houses the island harbour, and a number of historical landmarks.
- Places of interest
- Vashoveyo: A famous historical location.
- "Bilihifeyshe neru": One of the famous anchorages (traditional harbors) of Fuvahmulah.
- "Kalho akiri gando": A unique location of black pebbles which can be found in the beach areas of Funaadu and Dūndigan.
- Fuvahmulaku School: One of the four primary schools in Fuvahmulah.
- Fuvahmulaku Harbor: The harbor of Fuvahmulah.
- Fuvahmulaku Airport: Airport of Fuvahmulah is situated in the areas of Dhoondigan and Funaadu.
Demography and communications
The high rate of fertility has resulted in overpopulation. With more than 10,000 inhabitants, the availability of land for market gardening is steadily diminishing. The most updated population figure for the island is available on the Ministry of Atolls Development website, which states that as of March 2007, the island had a population of 5117 women and 5389 men, giving a total of 10506. This gives a sex ratio of 0.95.
Dhiraagu is the only landline telephone communication service provider on the island, as well as in the entire country. However, Wataniya along with Dhiraagu provides mobile communication services on the island.
The Dhiraagu communications antenna, located in the premises of Dhiraagu Fuvahmulah Operations Center, is the tallest structure in the Maldives. The antenna stands 400 feet (121 meters) tall. It connects Gaafu Alif Atoll, Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll and Fuvahmulah to the rest of the nation.
Apart from Dhiraagu, Focus Infocom Private Limited provides internet services on the island.
Formerly there were many bicycles on Fuvahmulah, an ideal mode of transportation on the flat, large island. Presently there are a large number of motorcycles. The construction of Fuvahmulah Harbour has led to a boost in the number of vehicles – notably motor cycles – on the island. This has increased road accidents, many of them fatal. The poorly constructed roads, have indirectly contributed to road accidents. Finivaa Magu, the main road running from north to south of the island, along with the other roads are not paved. The only partly paved road is the Mohamed Jamaaludeen Naibu Thutthu Magu. This road is still under construction. When completed this road will be the longest road on the island, running from the harbor and connecting all 8 districts.
An airstrip is functional on the SE side of the island since 11.11. 2011. Currently there are four scheduled flights per week to Malé from Fuvahmulah and from Malé to Fuvahmulah Airport.
The first Health Center officially started its services on May 12, 1973. Even though the center was fully owned by the government, it did not have its own building, so the center operated in a private house. A separate building for the Health Center was constructed and the services began in the new building on March 24, 1988. As the population of the island increased significantly, and due to the isolation of the island, government upgraded the Health Center to a Hospital on June 11, 2001.
Fuvahmulah is served by 10 schools. Consisting of 6 pre-schools, 3 primary schools and a secondary school. Gn. Atoll Education Center, the only higher secondary school serving the island, is the largest education center on the island. Inaugurated on April 20, 1982, it currently serves more than 6078 students. Fuvahmulaku School (FS) which was owned and operated by the citizens of Dūndigan, is one of the three primary schools on the island. Located in Dūndigan, it serves the south west part of the island. Government assumed full control over the school on March 1, 1992. Madharusathu-Sheik Mohammed Jamaaluddeen (MJM), opened on November 3, 1992. It serves the north-west part of the island. The school was built by the people of Dhadimago and Dhiguvaado. This is also a primary school. There is another primary school on the island, it is Hafiz Ahmed School (usually referred as HAS) which was opened on April 22, 2004. It currently serves more than 500 students.
Law enforcement and security
Historically the island was and still is, considered as a peaceful island with low crime rates. However the crime rate has gone up, especially with regards to drugs. A regional branch of the Maldives Police Service was established on the island on October 7, 1996. Initially, the Police and the Armed Forces of the Maldives were the same, known as the National Security Service. The main objective of the Fuvahmulaku Police Station is to maintain peace and stability across the atoll. They carry out investigations into crimes and public complaints fairly and deliver justice to the locals of the atoll. The station also helps other government authorities in fighting and preventing crime. The station is commanded by a Sub Inspector of the police.
The appearance of the NSS (National Security Service) means that the armed forces of the Maldives established themselves on the island. However the police was separated from the armed forces (MNDF)in 2006. MNDF still operates on the island, but separate from the police. They are mostly active in the area of Fire and Rescue, along with military duties. The Defense Institute for Training and Education, a part of MNDF occasionally conducts training programs for new recruits on the island.
On February 4, 2007 a fire burned down the Community Center building. The fire started around 3:00 AM local time. The Regional Fire Services, Maldives Police Services, and locals contained the fire, within 2 hours after the fire started. An investigation was carried out by the Police, but a report was not published. Police said the most likely cause of the fire was an electrical short.
On February 23, 2007 a fire started at the boat yard near the harbor. The fire completely burnt 6 fiberglass dhows. 4 of these dhows were 100 feet and the remaining 2 were 40 feet long. This fire also started around 03:40 AM local time. Fire was first spotted, instantly after the fire started by a local fisherman. The Fire Service was called immediately. But since fiberglass resin is highly flammable, and there was no sprinkler system, the fire spread to the 6 dhows and the fiberglass resin barrels in the yard. It took the fire personnel, Maldives National Defense Force and local 2 hours to contain the fire. A forensics team of the Maldive Police Service did the investigation. All the dhows were insured. In an interview with media, the atoll chief said the loss is estimated to be around MRF 20 Million, although insurance companies never publicly disclosed the figures. This fire is said to be the worst fire in the history of the island.
Little is known about the history of Fuvahmulah. All that remains are some landmarks of the historical past. These include a much damaged Buddhist stupa known as Fua Mulaku Havitta. Its actual shape has been lost because of the damage done by careless digging to find artifacts or for research purposes. The ruin is about 40 feet in height and it looks like a small hill. A smaller mound, about 15 feet in height, is located near the Havitta.
An ancient local poem says: "Havitta uhe haudahau, Redin taneke hedi ihau".(Thor Heyerdahl visited this island and wrote a book which is named 'Fua Mulaku' in its German edition.)
There is also the Vasho-Veyo, an ancient circular bath with stone steps. This stone pool reveals great craftsmanship in the cutting of Porites coral stone (hirigal) by the locals.
Among the monuments of the Islamic period, the most important is Gemmiskiy, a neat compound including a coral stone mosque, an ancient graveyard and a well. It is located on the northern end of the island. Gemmiskiy is said to be the oldest mosque in Fuvahmulah.
It has been said that the island was depopulated and resettled thrice in the last thousand years owing to lethal epidemics. The last time the survivors of the epidemic went to the neighboring Addu, Huvadhu and Haddhunmathi Atolls and stayed there for a few years.
During the secession of the Southern Atolls from the North (1959–1963), Fuvahmulah was a part of the Suvadive Islands. Nothing eventful happened during those years except that once a boat (Elizabeth Boyer) with soldiers from Malé sent by the central government tried to disembark unsuccessfully at Rasgefanno. The island people gathered at the beach and threw stones to the soldiers. The soldiers fired back, and one man of the island was shot in the head and died instantly. Two other islanders who were seriously wounded by gun shots were ferried by dōni the same day, to Gan, in Addu Atoll. The British, who were stationed in Gan sent them by air to Ceylon for treatment.
There is a broad sandy beach at the northernmost point of Fuvahmulah in the district of Dhadimago. It is locally known as "Thūndu" (In official Dhivehi "Thundi"). Its sands are formed by white small round pebbles, which are unusually smooth and shiny. It used to be common for an annual phenomenon called Bissaaveli to form at the Thūndu. The Bissaaveli forms when part of the sand of the beach moves away from the shore towards the edge of the reef, thus creating a lagoon, enclosed by sand and the shore of the island. This natural event attracts hundreds – possibly thousands – of locals who love to go to watch it. When it is well-formed, the Bissaveli is enclosed from all sides, creating a natural shallow swimming pool where locals liked to swim. However, since the construction of the Fuvahmulah Harbour began in 2000, this phenomenon has not occurred. It is believed that the construction of the harbor somehow affected the current patterns around the island which previously caused this natural phenomenon.
Another natural phenomenon called Kalho-Akiri (meaning "Black Pebbles") occurs on the south-east shore of the island. This area only has black pebbles, quite unusual to the normal white coral sand beaches of the Maldives. However, the construction of the harbour has adversely affected this phenomenon as well.
Every year, towards the end of the southwest monsoon season, flying fish (Hulhammaha) come to the northwestern shore of Fuvahmulah. Confused by the number of voracious tuna shoals in the water and by aggressive frigate birds hunting them from the air, the flying fish would end up flying close to the beach. They mostly end up in the area between Thoondu and Dhadimago fanno where this phenomenon is most common. Men, women and children like to go down to the reef to catch the flying fishes by hand in the midst of a joyful atmosphere. Large crowds will gather on the beaches for what the locals called "Hulhammaha Hifun".
Many figures from Fuvahmulah have been leaders in politics, religion and in business since early times. One figure is the Independence Hero of Maldives, former President Ibrahim Nasir. Nasir was born in Fuvahmulah. The childhood days of Nasir were spent in Fuvahmulah until his family moved to Malé.
Another figure from Fuvahmulah is the famous Maldivian cleric and poet Mohammad Jamaaluddeen, known as Naibu-Thutthu. He wrote several raivaru (Maldive couplets) books. These raivarus are taught and examined in schools, as part of Dhivehi language module. Not only was he good at literature, but was also considered to be the most knowledgeable in Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh) during his time and was appointed as chief justice.
The former Chief Justice and the current President of the Islamic Fiqh Academy, Ustaz Mohamed Rasheed Ibrahim is also from Fuvahmulah. He also served as the president of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs. Dr.Mohamed Zahir Hussain, the current Chancellor of the Maldives National University, founder of the daily newspaper Haveeru and former Minister of Education as well as Minister of Youth and Sports is also a native Fuvahmulah citizen. Among others from the island include the former Minister of Housing and Urban Development, Mr. Ibrahim Rafeeq, former Minister of Communication as well as Minister of Justice, Dr. Mohamed Jameel Ahmed (who is currently serving as the Minister of Home Affairs), the current Minister of Health, Dr. Ahmed Jamsheed Mohamed, current Governor of the Maldives Monetary Authority and Chairman of the Board of MMA, Dr. Fazeel Najeeb, current Chairman of the Maldives Civil Service Commission, Mohamed Fahmy Hassan and former Editor in Chief of Haveeru Daily and Haveeru Online, Dr. Ali Rafeeq.
Abdul Majeed Mahir, who served key positions in Nasir administration and father of former Minister of Defence, Ameen Faisal and former Maldivian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Dr.Farahanaz Faisal, is also from Fuvahmulah. He was born in Fuvahmulah, to Funaadu Ganduvaru Aisha Didi of Fuvahmulah and Velaanaagey Mohamed Didi (paternal grandfather of President Nasir) of Male, Maldives who was in exile in Fuvahmulah.
The Isdhoo dynasty which reigned the Maldives from 1692-1704 also has its roots in Fuvahmulah. The father of Sultan Ali V, Shah Bandar Kilege, was from Fuvahmulah and he settled in Isdhoo of Haddhunmathi Atoll, thus resulting in the dynasty being named after Isdhoo. Sultan Ibrahim Muzhiruddin of Isdhoo dynasty was deposed and exiled to Fuvahmulah by his cousin Sultan Muhammad Imaduddin II of Dhiyamigili dynasty in 1704. His descendants still live in Fuvahmulah and the neighboring atolls of Addu and Huvadhu. Former President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom is among the descendants of Sultan Muzhiruddin through his son Mulaku Muhammad Manikfan and a lady from Fuvahmulah according to researchers.
In 1774, Sultan Muhammed Ghiya'as ud-din of Dhiyamigili Dynasty was deposed while he was on the Hajj pilgrimage and when he returned he was murdered by drowning and his son Abdullah (later Ibrahim Faamuladeyri Kilegefaanu) was banished to Fuvahmulah. Abdullah or his direct descendants never challenged the authority of the Huraagey sultans and continued to live in Fuvahmulah, where their line remains to this day. It is from Fuvahmulah that the branches of Dhiyamigili dynasty in Addu and Huvadhu Atolls too originated. Thus, the many educated figures and intellectuals from this lineage in Addu and Huvadhu Atolls, who later came up to be leaders in politics and different other fields too have their roots in Fuvahmulah. To name some, former Minister of Islamic Affairs Dr. Abdul Majeed Abdul Bari, former Chief Justice Abdulla Saeed, former Attorney General Dr. Mohamed Munavvar, former Minister of Economic Development as well as Minister of Civil Aviation Dr. Mahmood Razi, former Minister of Education Dr. Mustafa Lutfi, former Minister of Transport and Communication Dr. Ahmed Shamheed, former Minister of Justice and Speaker of Parliament Mr. Ahmed Zahir, former Minister of Fisheries and Agriculture Dr. Ibrahim Didi, former Attorney General Uz. Husnu Al Suood, the current Minister of State for Islamic Affairs Sheikh Mohamed Didi, the current MP for Gemanafushi constituency and President of the Football Association of Maldives Ilham Ahmed, current MP for Galolhu-South constituency Ahmed Mahloof and many other, or most of the intellectuals in the country have their roots in Fuvahmulah.
Edhuru Hassan Naib Ranahamaadhi Thakurufan, the father of famous Chief Justice Mohamed Shamsuddin (Bodu Fandiyaaru Thakurufan) is also from Fuvahmulah. Thus, the Bodu Fandiyaaru Thakurufan family, which is considered by many authors to be the most knowledgeable family in the Maldives, along with the eight Qazis (Chief Justice) and the many number of Ministers and intellectuals to have served the country from this family also have their roots in Fuvahmulah. Sultan Mohamed IV (Devvadu Rasgefaanu) is the grandson of Bodu Fandiyaaru Thakurufan and thus he too has his roots in Fuvahmulah.
- H. C. P. Bell, The Maldive Islands, An account of the physical features, History, Inhabitants, Productions and Trade. Colombo 1883, ISBN 81-206-1222-1
- H. C. P. Bell, The Maldive Islands – Monograph on the History, Archaeology and Epigraphy. Colombo 1940, ISBN 99915-3-051-7
- Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5
- Divehiraajjege Jōgrafīge Vanavaru. Muhammadu Ibrahim Lutfee. G.Sōsanī.
- "Haveeru News".