Franklin Pierce Rice
|Franklin Pierce Rice|
Franklin Pierce Rice in 1892
July 29, 1852|
|Died||January 3, 1919
Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
|Known for||Preservation of historical records from Massachusetts & founding of Worcester Historical Museum|
Franklin Pierce Rice (1852–1919) was a self-taught printer and publisher who transcribed and printed and preserved vital records from Massachusetts and was a co-founder of the Worcester Society of Antiquity.
Early life and family
Franklin Pierce Rice was born 29 July 1852 in Marlborough, Massachusetts as the only son of Minot Rice and Mary Berry (Felton) Rice. He received his elementary education from his mother, and did not enter public school until he was eleven years old. After completion of his preparatory studies, he intended to enter the medical profession so he began the study of chemistry, anatomy and physiology; however he never completed these studies. He turned to writing and publishing the public records of Massachusetts as a profession. He was never married.
Career in publishing
In 1871 Rice purchased his first printing press. He was self-educated as a printer not apprenticing in any other shop. By himself and on his own press he set out to compile, preserve and print the vital records, many from colonial times, from the towns of Worcester County. The task of compiling and editing of records was continued by the Worcester Society of Antiquity, which was co-founded by Rice in 1875. Beginning in 1902, the Massachusetts Vital Records Act authorized the printing of the vital records prior to 1850 in all Massachusetts. By the time of the repeal of the Vital Records Act in 1918, Rice had compiled and published the vital records of more than 30 towns in Worcester County. He was also a contributing author to several newspapers and in encyclopedias on historical and antiquarian topics. The movement begun by Rice to publish and preserve Massachusetts public records was an important factor in fostering interest in genealogy and historic preservation in New England.
In addition to his work to found the Worcester Society of Antiquity (later to become the Worcester Historical Museum), Rice was a member of the American Antiquarian Society, the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, the Worcester Natural History Society (serving as director from 1894 to 1909), and the Bunker Hill Monument Society. Rice died on 3 January 1919 in Worcester, Massachusetts.
- Rice, F.P. (ed.) (1882). Records of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for Worcester, Massachusetts 1731-1737. Worcester Society of Antiquity, Worcester, MA. 197pp.
- Rice, F.P. (1883). Reminiscences of Reverend George Allen of Worcester. Putnam and Davis Publishers, Worcester, MA 127pp.
- Rice, F.P. (1885). An Account of the Discovery of a Mastodon's Remains in Northborough, Worcester County, Massachusetts. Worcester Natural History Society, Worcester, MA. 8pp.
- Rice, F.P. (1893). Dictionary of Worcester Massachusetts and Vicinity. F.S. Blanchard & Company, Worcester, MA. 135pp.
- Rice, F.P. (1899). The Worcester of Eighteen Hundred and Ninety Eight:Fifty Years a City. F.S. Blanchard & Company, Worcester, MA. 809pp.
- Rice, F.P. (compiler) (1907). Vital Records of the Town of Sutton, Massachusetts: To the End of the Year 1849. F. P. Rice. Publisher, Worcester, MA. 476pp.
- Franklin Pierce Rice, son of
- "Worcester Historical Museum History". Worcester Historical Society. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- "Worcester Historical Museum". Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- Franklin Pierce Rice Obituary (1920), supplement page xli in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register Volume LXXIV, New England Historical and Genealogical Society, 9 Ashburton Place, Boston.
- Edmund Rice (1638) Association, 2009. Descendants of Edmund Rice: The First Nine Generations.
- "Edmund Rice descendants: First six generations.". Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Inc. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- "Abel Rice". Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Retrieved 26 May 2010.