First Congregational Church (Long Beach, California)
|First Congregational Church|
First Congregational Church, February 2008
|Location||241 Cedar Ave., Long Beach, California|
|Denomination||United Church of Christ|
|Architect(s)||H. M. Patterson|
|Architectural type||Italian Romanesque Revival|
|Senior pastor(s)||Jerald Stinson|
|Director of music||Curtis Heard|
|Organist(s)||Marc R. Dickey|
First Congregational Church of Long Beach
The church in September 2009
|Added to NRHP:||September 25, 2012|
First Congregational Church is a church of the United Church of Christ located in downtown Long Beach, California. The church occupies a historic red brick structure that was built in 1914. The Italian Romanesque Revival building has been designated as a Long Beach Historic Landmark and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.
Construction and architecture
The church was founded in 1888. The current church building, designed in the Italian Romanesque style, was completed in 1914 at a total cost of $210,000. Joachim Bixby, Sr., known as the "Father of Long Beach," was the largest contributor to the construction fund, having given $25,000. The building was designed in the Romanesque style by architect H.M. Patterson of Los Angeles and built of red pressed brick laid in patterns and trimmed with white terra cotta. The large auditorium had the capacity for seating 1,500 persons. The Los Angeles Times wrote that the "immense auditorium, the roof of which is fifty-five feet above the floor, gives one the impression he is entering one of the cathedrals of Europe." The Times also referred to the church’s art-glass windows as being "among the finest to be seen in the West." The church also featured three great rose windows above the gallery and six picture windows below the gallery. The center window was called the "Light of the World."
The church building was dedicated in December 1914 with more than 2,000 Congregationalists in attendance. The Los Angeles Times described the church as "magnificent" and reported that its "architecture and appointments are without peer in Southern California." It was the largest church in Southern California when it opened.
In 1924, a three-story education building with an auditorium was added to the campus. By 1927, the congregation had grown to become the fifth largest Congregational church in the United States with 1,700 members.
The church sustained extensive damage in the Long Beach earthquake of 1933 and was closed for several months while repairs were made. Rev. Henry Kendall Booth was the pastor at the church from 1909 until his death in 1942.
The church appeared in the 2007 movie License to Wed.
Social activism and theology
The church practices a liberal theology and has a long history of social activism, including programs to assist the poor, homeless and disabled. In 1992, the church publicly declared that it welcomed gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender persons into membership, employment and leadership. By 2005, 42% of the church members were from the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered community.
In 2007, the church gained media attention when the senior pastor, Jerald Stinson, vowed to defy an order that he block homeless people from sleeping on the steps and grounds of the church. At the time, Stinson said, "The city's threats are ludicrous. We're not going to do what they want us to do. Allowing these people to sleep on our property is, for us, a religious act."
- "Weekly list of actions taken on properties: 9/24/12 through 9/28/12". National Park Service. October 5, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "Largest Church in Southland: First Congregational Home to be Dedicated Sunday; Sermon to be Preached by Pasadena Man; 'Father of Long Beach' Gives Largest Donation". Los Angeles Times. 1914-12-25.
- "Architectural Achievement; Church One of Coast’s Finest: Long Beach Edifice To Be Dedicated Today; New House of Worship in Shore City Strikingly Beautiful". Los Angeles Times. 1914-12-27.
- "Great Church Is Dedicated: Largest Edifice in the South Filled to Overflowing; Noted Churchmen Gather at Long Beach Service". Los Angeles Times. 1914-12-28.
- "History of the First Congregational Church of Long Beach". First Congregational Church of Long Beach.
- Louis Sahagun (2007-01-20). "Pastor vows to defy city order to evict homeless; The Long Beach cleric says allowing people to sleep on the church steps is a 'religious act.' Officials cite safety, sanitation concerns". Los Angeles Times.