Edwin Harrison McHenry
|Edwin Harrison McHenry|
January 25, 1859|
|Died||August 21, 1931
|Cause of death||Cerebral hemorrhage|
|Education||Pennsylvania Military College|
|Occupation||civil engineer, railroad official|
|Employer||Northern Pacific Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway, New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad|
|Known for||civil engineering railroad official|
|Title||chief engineer, receiver, vice-president|
|Predecessor||John William Kendrick|
|Successor||William Lafayette Darling|
Edwin Harrison McHenry (January 25, 1859 - August 21, 1931) was the fourth vice-president of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and first vice-president of the Consolidated Railway of Hartford, Connecticut. Prior to joining the New Haven, McHenry had been chief engineer and a receiver of the Northern Pacific Railway and later the chief engineer of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
He first started working on the railroad in 1883 as a rodman doing surveying on the Black Hills branch of the Northern Pacific Railroad. He progressed from rodman to chainman, draftsman, leveler, transitman, assistant engineer, division engineer, principal assistant engineer, and from November 1, 1893 to January 1, 1896, he was the chief engineer.
Starting on October 1, 1904 he was the first vice-president of the Consolidated Railway. He was also in charge of construction, operation and maintenance of the trolley lines owned by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. He was the fourth vice-president, New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, in charge of the electrical department.
While working for the Northern Pacific, McHenry performed two notable engineering feats, and made one memorable marketing suggestion:
- In the 1880s McHenry was the principal assistant engineer on Stampede Pass during the construction of Stampede Tunnel, linking western Washington and especially the Puget Sound ports of Seattle and Tacoma to the East by rail.
- In the early 1890s McHenry was tasked with locating a line from the vicinity of Logan westward to Butte, Montana. During the course of this work McHenry discovered Homestake Pass, the pass which Interstate 90 now crosses the Continental Divide in Montana.
- In 1893, McHenry was in Chicago visiting the Columbian Exposition. While there, he visited the Korean display and noticed the prominent ying-yang symbol (or Monad) in the Korean flag. He suggested the suitability of this symbol to the Northern Pacific General Passenger Agent Charles S. Fee and circa 1896 the symbol was adopted as the logotype of the newly reorganized Northern Pacific Railway.
- In the 1880s on the Northern Pacific, McHenry was the principal assistant engineer on Stampede Pass during the construction of Stampede Tunnel, linking western Washington and especially the Puget Sound ports of Seattle and Tacoma to the East by rail.
- "Edwin H. McHenry, Engineer, Is Dead. Prominent in Construction of Railroads. Began Career as Northern Pacific Rodman. Supervised Electrification of New York, New Haven & Hartford Line as Its Vice President.". New York Times. August 22, 1931. Retrieved 2008-07-28. "Edwin Harrison McHenry, a retired engineer who was prominent in the construction and development of railroads, died of a cerebral hemorrhage today at his residence in Ardmore after a month's illness. He was in his seventy-third [sic] year."
Publications and Papers
- McHenry, Edwin H. Rules for Railway Location and Construction Used on the Northern Pacific Railway [with a chapter on] Estimating Overhaul in Earthwork. New York: Engineering News Publishing, 1901.
- Biographical Directory of the Railway Officials of America, 1906 edition, pp. 381–82.
- Dakota Dateboook, May 26, 2006, "Moving Date." The story of McHenry and the Northern Pacific moving a massive bridge pier for the railway's crossing of the Missouri River at Bismarck, North Dakota. Available on the Web at: www.prairiepublic.org/programs/datebook/bydate/06/0506/052906.jsp.
- Frances, Washington, history, available on the Web at: visit.willapabay.org/pages/communities/frances.html.
- Krapp, Connie Allen. "The Loop That Has No End." North Dakota Horizons, Spring, 2000. Available on the Web at: www.ndhorizons.com/default.cfm?page=arc_spring00.
||Vice President of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad||Succeeded by
|Vice President of the Consolidated Railway