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|— town —|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bapatla (formerly known as Bhavapuri, Bhavapatla) is a fast growing town and mandal of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located 40 miles (64 km) south of Guntur City on the famous GBC (Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala) Road (NH-214A).
Besides Bapatla's many schools and colleges, it is very well known for Bapatla Engineering College (also called BEC), Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural College Bapatla, and the College of Agricultural Engineering (also called CAE), college of food science and technology.It also has well known Polytechnic college-Bapatla Polytechnic College.
Bapatla Engineering College is located four km south west of Bapatla on the way to Chirala and hosts a wide range of courses. This college was established in 1980 and is renowned as one of the finest engineering colleges in Andhra Pradesh. BEC is very well known for its excellence in procuring a large number of GATE ranks every year. It attained GATE 143rd rank in 2012.
The College of Agricultural Engineering which is located on the Bapatla-Karlapalem road, hosts various courses in agriculture and agricultural engineering.The college of food science and technology is located near guntur railway over bridge. These two colleges are affiliated with the Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University and are the first such colleges in Andhra Pradesh.
The Agricultural College, Bapatla is the oldest Agricultural college in Andhra Pradesh affiliated to Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad. It was established in the year 1945. Over the past decades Bapatla has become known because of the Agricultural College. It is situated in the middle of the town on the Suryalanka Road. The college has produced a great number of scientists who work all over India in various agricultural and allied fields. There are also a number of research institutes of the Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University (previously Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University) in Bapatla, such as the Rice Research Unit, Cashew Research Station(is now affiliated to Dr. Y. S. Rajashekar Reddy University), Saline Water Research Station, among others. The college has a large farm of 200 acres at the "Guntur Railway Gate". "BPT" varieties of rice which are famous all over India for their fine quality and taste were developed at the Agricultural College, Bapatla.
A number of well-known important schools add to the town's status. Highly regarded, are The Holy cross E.M School, The Bapatla Public School, Little Angels High School, Sri Tagore's Institutes, and St.Paul's High School. There are also some very old schools in the center of the town such as the Municipal High School, ABM High School and AVV High School.
The Bhavannarayana Swami Temple, located in the heart of the town, is one of the oldest temples of Andhra Pradesh. It was constructed by the great king Krimikantha Chola in 1465 and was renovated by Raja (King) Vasireddi Venkatadrinaidu of Amaravathi kingdom in 1856. This temple has been preserved for years by the Archaeological department of India. On October 23, 2011, the temple's galigopuram (main entrance) collapsed, due to the alleged negligence of the Archaeological department. The galigopuram stood as a 75 foot tower, close to a five-storeyed building. The incident made big news all over Andhra Pradesh.
There is also the Sri Sankara Vidyalayam, a 96 year old Veda Patasala near Bhavannarayana Swami temple established by Sri Bramhananda Teertha Swami and run by Sri Sankara Vidyalaya Sangham.
The Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swami Temple which is located in Sri Bendapudi Sitaravamma Gari Thota in the SNP Agraharam is one of the most beautiful and peaceful places of worship. The buildings in the Agraharam are mainly three temples: the Sri Lakshmi Padmavathi Sametha Kalyana Venkateswara Swami Temple (which has idols in black stone), the Sri Abhya Anjaneya Swami Temple, (which has idols in white stone), and the Sri Subramanya Swami Temple, which has idols of Lord Venkateswara Swami, in black stone as well as white stone. In the 1970s the late Bendapudi Sitaravamma constructed the Venkateswara Swami temple having idols of white stone (Pala Raathi Vigraham), later her son Sri Bendapudi Venkata Subbarao, constructed another temple having idols of black stone (Nalla Raathi Vigraham). This was in 1991 with the help of local devotees like the late Maddineni Lingamma, and the late Sri Hari Kunta Ramarao. Many of the devotees used to pray on Saturday’s for Lord Venkateswara Swami's blessings. Sravanaa Nakshtra puja (Hinduism), Lakshmi Ammavari puja, and Anjaneya Swami puja on Tuesdays are also very special here. Brahmotsavas are conducted between February and March every year. Currently this temple is managed by Srengeri Sarada Matt, Srengeri, Karanataka.
Also located in SNP Agraharam is the Sri Ganga Parvatha vardani Sametha Ramalingeswara Swami Temple. Aarudra Nakshtra Puja, Shanti Puja, Ayyappa Bhajana and Karthikaa Masa Puja taking place in this temple are renowned.
- Bapatla is famous for rice business and rice trading.There are many rice mills in and around bapatla,with excellent modern machinery equipped in them.
- Farming is also famous occupation in bapatla.Ancient farming techniques are well followed and implemented over here.
- Bapatla's vegetable market is very famous providing people with quality vegetables and also the town is famous for providing Brinjals.People from nearby villages also purchase vegetables from here.
Air Force airbase
The Indian Air Force has an emergency airbase located about 9 kilometres from Baptala in a village called Suryalanka. The airbase is located on the shore of the ocean (Bay of Bengal) and so, is often used for the testing of missile launches into the ocean.
- Bapatla railway station has two main tracks and is located on the main line that connects Vijayawada and Chennai. Most of these trains make a stop at Bapatla which is of great benefit to the town and to the many students (mainly engineering) who travel from other towns to study there. The Indian Air Force makes use of this station, for their airbase logistics.
- The main bus station in Bapatla operates buses of different kinds round the clock to the major cities of Guntur, Vijayawada, Repalle and Chirala.
- The center of the town is called Gadiyaram Stambam center, which had an old clock tower located at the crossroads between the two main roads of Bapatla. Notwithstanding much opposition, the clock tower was demolished in 2011 for road widening purposes. However the name has remained in use as it has always been known to refer to the centre for shops and local businesses there.
- Pata Bus Stand (the old bus stand) is at another major junction, which acts as a backup bus station for the many passengers that travel to Suryakanka Beach, Guntur, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Chirala, Repalle, Karlapalem, Khajipalem, Pittala vari palem, Nizampatnam, Nagaram, Carukupalli, Parchuru, Pedanandipadu, Churukuru, Kurnool, Sindanoor, Ponnur, Satenapalli, Piduguralla, Miralaguda, Nalgonda, Vinukonda, Kothapet, Badrachalam and Cherla. Between 07.30 and 08.30 in the morning a connecting bus from Chirala goes to Eluru, Tadepalligudam, Tanuku, Ramachandrapuram, Kakinada.
- Lots of hotels and restaurants have recently been established in this little town in order to cater for an increase in tourists. Harita resorts on the beach is run by the government of Andhra Pradesh.
- Most of the town accommodates a large student population from near and far.
Bapatla is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.
List of elected members:
- 1951 – Vemmulapalli Srikrishna
- 1955 – Manthena Venkata Raju
- 1962 – Kommineni Venkateswara Rao
- 1967, 1972 and 1978 – Kona Prabhakara Rao
- 1983 – C.V.Ramaraju
- 1985 – Ummareddy Venkateswarlu
- 1989 – Chirala Govardhana Reddy
- 1994 – Muppalaneni Seshagiri Rao
- 1999 – Manthena Anantha Varma
- 2004 – Gade Venkata Reddy
- 2009 – Gade Venkata Reddy