Artillery Corps (Israel)
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|Artillery Corps (Israel)|
|Allegiance||Israel Defense Forces|
|Branch||GOC Army Headquarters|
|Motto||"Sophistication and Might" (Hebrew: תחכום ועצמה, Tih'cum Ve'otzma)|
|Engagements||War of Independence
War of Attrition
Yom Kippur War
First Lebanon War
Second Lebanon War
Operation Cast Lead
The Israeli Artillery Corps (Hebrew: חיל התותחנים, Chayel HaTothanim) is the Israel Defense Forces corps responsible for operating medium and long-range artillery. The current commander of the Artillery Corps is Brigadier General Roy Riftin. He replaced Brig. Gen. David Swissa.
The corps is tasked with two principal missions:
- Assisting IDF maneuvering forces, at the place, time and with the firepower required.
- Paralyzing and destroying enemy targets throughout the IDF zone of operations.
The Artillery Corps is an integral corps of GOC Army Headquarters. It is a diverse corps, with its lion share consisting of high-trajectory barrel artillery. The corps consist of three main support regiments:
- The Pillar of Fire Formation, composed of the regular-service battalions Drakon ("Dragon") and Reshef ("Flash") as well as reserve battalions.
- The Golan Formation, composed of the regular Namer ("Leopard") and Keren ("Ray") battalions, the Ra'am ("Thunder") MLRS battalion, as well as additional reserve battalions.
- The Kela David Formation, composed of the Meitar ("String") unit, a special operations unit.
The coprs also operates the Field Artillery School and a training center. The corps' importance to the IDF is growing due to the rapid evolvion of modern technology. The corps is amongst the most advanceded components of the IDF, using advanced technology to improve its precision and effectiveness. During the Second Lebanon War the Israeli Artillery Corps was second only to the Israeli Air Force in the firepower it expended.
Artillery Corps soldiers wear Turquoise berets and Black army boots.
The primary equipment used in most regular and reserve batteries is the M109 "Doher" (Gallop or Fast Rider) self-propelled howitzer. To assist with ammunition carriage and transport, regular batteries use the M548, a modified version of the M113 carrier, nicknamed "Alpha". In addition, batteries also use Humvees and M113 carriers.
Also in service is the M270 MLRS multiple rocket launcher, the Spike NLOS missile system mounted on M113 chassis for precision strike, as well as the Elbit Hermes 450 and IAI Sky Rider UAVs for artillery spotting. On order are the IMI Lynx and JUMPER multiple rocket launchers to bolster its strike capability against enemy positions and rocket-launching cells.
In addition, the corps also possesses radar and navigation system, some of which are classified.
In 1977, the IDF began developing another self-propelled howitzer, the "Sholef" (to draw (a weapon)), based on the M109 with a Merkava chassis. The main advantage of the "Sholef" was its self-loading ability, which reduced the number of crewmen from 7 to 4. The project was completed but the IDF decided not to mass-produce the "Sholef" because of its high cost, preferring to purchase the M270 MLRS multiple rocket launcher instead. Its main focus switched to improving the precision systems of the "Doher". The "Sholef" was used operationally only once, in 1990.
In 2010, Israel began an overhaul of the Artillery Corps, based on lessons from the 2006 Lebanon War. The Artillery Corps is being upgraded with new, indigenously produced self-propelled cannons, rockets, missiles produced by Israel's defense industries, which will replace older equipment, as well as state-of-the-art command, control, computers, and communications. It's operational role now reflects a new concept in which artillery is seen as an equal part of the combat force rather than a support element.
The Israeli Artillery Corps holds its basic training, commanders course and officers school at the Field Artillery School (Hebrew: ביסל"ת, Bislat), better known as Shivta, after the ancient Nabataean town of the same name.
New recruits go through four months of basic training, in which they learn basic infantry weaponry and drills, as well as basic theoretical artillery training. At the end of the basic training stage, the recruits receive their Turquoise berets, symbolizing their acceptance into the corps. They then advance to an additional four months of advanced training, throughout which they participate in IDF operations. After completing their training, soldiers either join operational batteries or advance to the commanders course, for an additional four months of training.
Sholef 155 mm self-propelled howitzer on a Merkava tank chassis
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- "Operation Cast Lead". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- עידן סונסינו (August 21, 2012). IDF Spokesperson "מפקד זרוע היבשה: חיל התותחנים בכשירות מלאה לכל תרחיש". Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- Yaakov Katz (August 1, 2011). "IDF unveils special guided missile used in Lebanon, Gaza". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- Yaakov Katz (July 24, 2011). "IDF Issues Tender for Rocket Systems". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 29 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-08.