|Occupation||Author, Historical writer|
|Education||City of London School for Girls|
|Alma mater||North Western Polytechnic|
Alison Weir (born 1951) is a British writer of history books, and latterly historical novels, mostly in the form of biographies about British royalty. Her works on the Tudor period have made her a best-selling author. She is the highest-selling female historian in the United Kingdom.
1989's Britain's Royal Families, Weir's first published work, was a genealogical overview of the British Royal Family. She subsequently wrote biographies of Eleanor of Aquitaine, Isabella of England, Katherine Swynford, and the Princes in the Tower. Other focuses have included Henry VIII of England and his wives and children, Mary Boleyn, Elizabeth I, and Mary, Queen of Scots. She has published historical overviews of the Wars of the Roses and royal weddings, as well as historical fiction novels on Lady Jane Grey, Elizabeth I, and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Weir was born in Westminster, UK in 1951. She has described her mother as "a genuinely good person with heaps of integrity, strength of character, humour and wisdom, and has overcome life’s trials with commendable fortitude."
Weir became interested in the field of history at the age of fourteen after reading a book about Catherine of Aragon. According to her, she became "so enthralled by it that I dashed off to read real history books to find out the truth behind what I had read, and thus my passion for history was born ". By the following year, she had written a biography of Anne Boleyn, a three-volume reference work about the Tudor family, and several historical plays.
She was educated at City of London School for Girls and North Western Polytechnic and hoped to become a history teacher. She opted to abandon history as a career after becoming disillusioned with "trendy teaching methods". She married Rankin Weir in 1972, with whom she had two children in the early 1980s. Weir worked as a civil servant, and later as a housewife and mother to her children. Between 1991 and 1997, she ran a school for children with learning disabilities.
In the 1970s, Weir spent four years researching and writing a non-fiction biography of the six wives of Henry VIII. Her work was deemed too long by publishers, and was consequently rejected. A revised version of this biography would later be published as her second book, The Six Wives of Henry VIII. In 1981, she wrote a book on Jane Seymour, which was again rejected by publishers, this time because it was too short. Weir became a published author in 1989 with the publication of Britain's Royal Families, a compilation of genealogical information about the British Royal Family. She revised the work eight times over a twenty-two year period, and decided that it might be "of interest to others". After organizing it into chronological order, The Bodley Head agreed to publish it.
Weir would not start writing full-time until the late 1990s. While running the school for children with learning disabilities, she published the non-fiction works The Princes in the Tower (1992), Lancaster and York: The Wars of the Roses (1995), and Children of England: The Heirs of King Henry VIII (1996). Now writing books as a full-time job, she produced Elizabeth, The Queen (1998), Eleanor of Aquitaine: By the Wrath of God, Queen of England (1999), Henry VIII: The King and His Court (2001), Mary, Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley (2003), and Isabella: She-Wolf of France, Queen of England (2005). Katherine Swynford: The Story of John of Gaunt and his Scandalous Duchess followed in 2007, and The Lady in The Tower: The Fall of Anne Boleyn was released in 2009. Traitors of the Tower came out in 2010. The following year, she completed The Ring and the Crown: A History of Royal Weddings and Mary Boleyn: The Mistress of Kings, the first full non-fiction biography of Mary Boleyn, sister of Anne Boleyn.
Many of Weir's works deal with the Tudor period, which she considers "the most dramatic period in our history, with vivid, strong personalities... The Tudor period is the first one for which we have a rich visual record, with the growth of portraiture, and detailed sources on the private lives of kings and queens. This was an age that witnessed a growth in diplomacy and the spread of the printed word."
Weir wrote historical novels while a teenager, and her novel in the genre of historical fiction, Innocent Traitor, based on the life of Lady Jane Grey, was published in 2006. When researching Eleanor of Aquitaine, Weir realized that it would "be very liberating to write a novel in which I could write what I wanted while keeping to the facts". She decided to make Jane Grey her focus because she "didn't have a very long life and there wasn't a great deal of material". She found the transition to fiction easy, explaining, "Every book is a learning curve, and you have to keep an open mind. I am sometimes asked to cut back on the historical facts in my novels, and there have been disagreements over whether they obstruct the narrative, but I do hold out for the history whenever I can."
Her second novel is The Lady Elizabeth, which deals with the life of Queen Elizabeth I before her ascent to the throne. It was published in 2008 in the United Kingdom and United States. Her latest novel, The Captive Queen, was released in the summer of 2010. Its subject, Eleanor of Aquitaine, was also the focus of a non-fiction biography Weir had written in 1999.
Traitors of the Tower is a novella written by Weir and published on World Book Day 2010. Working with Quick Reads and Skillswise, Weir has recorded the first chapter as a taster and introduction to get people back into the habit of reading.
Weir's writings have been describing as being in the genre of popular history, an area that sometimes attracts criticism from academia; according to one source, popular history "seeks to inform and entertain a large general audience... Dramatic storytelling often prevails over analysis, style over substance, simplicity over complexity, and grand generalization over careful qualification." Weir herself admits writing popular history, but argues that "history is not the sole preserve of academics, although I have the utmost respect for those historians who undertake new research and contribute something new to our knowledge. History belongs to us all, and it can be accessed by us all. And if writing it in a way that is accessible and entertaining, as well as conscientiously researched, can be described as popular, then, yes, I am a popular historian, and am proud and happy to be one." Lucinda Byatt said of Weir's popular historian label, "To describe her as a popular historian would be to state a literal truth – her chunky explorations of Britain’s early modern past sell in the kind of multiples that others can only dream of."
Weir's best-selling works have focused on strong women, and she has been compared to female historians such as Antonia Fraser. Weir's non-fiction books have been reviewed by prominent historians like Diarmaid MacCulloch and Hilary Mantel, as well as such media outlets as The Independent,The Washington Post, and The Globe and Mail. Weir has also criticised films such as Elizabeth: The Golden Age, which she called "a travesty of history" and "grossly inaccurate".
Weir now lives in Surrey with her husband and two sons. She has called "Mrs Ellen", a fictional character from her novel about Jane Grey, most like her own personality, commenting that, "As I was writing the book, my maternal side was projected into this character."
Weir is a supporter of the renovation of Northampton Castle, explaining that the estate is a "historic site of prime importance; it would be tragic if it were to be lost forever. I applaud the work of the Friends of Northampton Castle in lobbying for its excavation and for the regeneration of the area that would surely follow; and I urge everyone to support them in this venture."
- The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1991)
- The Princes in the Tower (1992)
- Lancaster and York - The Wars of the Roses (1995)
- Children of England: The Heirs of King Henry VIII (1996, later reissued as The Children of Henry VIII)
- Elizabeth, The Queen (1998)
- Eleanor of Aquitaine: By the Wrath of God, Queen of England (1999)
- Henry VIII: The King and His Court (2001)
- Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (latest edition, 2002)
- Mary, Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley (2003)
- Isabella: She-Wolf of France, Queen of England (2005)
- Katherine Swynford: The Story of John of Gaunt and his Scandalous Duchess (2007)
- The Lady in the Tower (2009)
- Traitors of the Tower (2010)
- The Ring and the Crown: A History of Royal Weddings (2011)
- Mary Boleyn: The Mistress of Kings (2011)
- Innocent Traitor: A Novel of Lady Jane Grey (2007)
- The Lady Elizabeth (2008)
- The Captive Queen (2010)
- Dangerous inheritance : a novel of Tudor rivals and the secret of the Tower (2012)
- "Alison Weir". Contemporary Authors Online, Literature Resource Center. Web,. Gale, 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- "A Conversation with Alison Weir, author of HENRY VIII: The King and His Court". Random House. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Alison Weir - Author Biography". AlisonWeir.org.uk. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Alison Weir on historical fiction and Eleanor of Aquitaine". CBC.ca. 9 August 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Buckley, Emma (2012). "The 14/4 Interview With Alison Weir". Glow Magazine. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Conan, Neal (12 October 2011). "'Great And Infamous' Mary: The Other 'Boleyn' Girl". National Public Radio. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Our exclusive interview with Alison Weir". On the Tudor Trail. 28 August 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "News". AlisonWeir.org.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- Williams, Wilda (15 January 2007). "Q&A: Alison Weir". Library Journal. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Skillswise taster of Traitors of the Tower including a reading by the author". bbc.co.uk. 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
- Wagner, Vit (30 July 2010). "Alison Weir: The true story of a fiction writer". The Star. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Palmer, James (22 April 2010). "Bad history's impact corrodes public understanding". The Global Times. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Writing Resources". Hamilton College. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Byatt, Lucinda (November 2006). "Making the Leap from Fact to Fiction". Solander: The Magazine of the Historical Novel Society 10 (10).
- Purvis, June (2 April 2009). "The argument that women turn history into a soap opera panders to a sexist notion of popular history". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- MacCulloch, Diarmaid (20 July 2001). "Defenders of the faith". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Mantel, Hilary (22 January 2010). "Anne Boleyn, Queen for a Day". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Hagestadt, Emma (18 June 2010). "The Lady in the Tower by Alison Weir". The Independent. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- See, Carolyn (16 July 2010). "Alison Weir's "Captive Queen," a novel about Eleanor of Aquitaine". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Johnson, Sarah (13 August 2010). "A queen for all seasons". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Arendt, Paul (5 November 2007). "Historian Alison Weir on Elizabeth: The Golden Age". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "About Alison Weir". Random House. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "One Minute With: Alison Weir". The Independent. 9 April 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- "Author and Historian Alison Weir supports Northampton Castle". NorthamptonCastle.com. 4 March 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- Official site
- Random House UK minisite
- Random House US minisite
- BBC raw Quick Reads – Traitors of the Tower by Alison Weir