Adam Mickiewicz Monument, Warsaw
Adam Mickiewicz Monument (Polish: Pomnik Adama Mickiewicza) is a monument dedicated to Adam Mickiewicz at the Krakowskie Przedmieście in the Śródmieście district of Warsaw, Poland. The Neo-Classicist monument was constructed in 1897-1898 by sculptor Cyprian Godebski.
On 13 February 1897 the Głos magazine published an article promoting the idea of building the monument. Other newspapers soon followed the idea. Writer Henryk Sienkiewicz helped to rise the awareness among the Warsaw intelligentsia, and by his effort, the Russian authorities permitted the construction of the monument. A public committee was founded by Sienkiewicz, Count Michał Radziwiłł and Zygmunt Wasilewski. The committee asked people for their financial contributions to help build the monument. The needed financial support was quickly raised and the work has been assigned to sculptor Cyprian Godebski.
The monument was built on a place where several buildings demolished in 1865 were located. Since 1897 it has been sculpted by Godebski in Italy. The 4.2 m tall bronze statue was cast in Pistoia, Italy. Red granite column and foundations were produced by Italian company in Baveno near Milano. The statue shows Mickiewicz standing tall, with the head slightly raised and the right hand laid on his heart. The monument was ceremonially unveiled on 24 December 1898 on the 100th anniversary of poet's birth. The ceremony was planned to be much larger, however the Tsarist authorities feared it could turn into patriotic manifestation and banned all marches and speeches. The monument was thus unveiled in silence, in front of 12,000 people.
After the fall of the Warsaw Uprising in 1944 it was deliberately destroyed by Nazi Germans. Remaining parts of the demolished monument were eventually transported to Germany. After the war, Polish soldiers found the head and several parts of the statue in Hamburg. Sculptor Jan Szczepkowski produced the copy of the original statue. Environs of the monument were also restored. It was unveiled again on 28 January 1950. Last parts of the monument returned to Poland as late as in the 1980s.
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- Lidia M. Nawrocka: Dzieje pomnika Adama Mickiewicza at Histmag.org
- Przemysław Miller: Pomnik Adama Mickiewicza at the official website of Warsaw, 23 October 2009.