Hájí Mírzá Ḥasan-i-Adíbu'l-`Ulamá (Arabic: حج مرزا حسن أديب العلماء ; 1848–1919), known as Mírzá Ḥasan or Adíb, was an eminent follower of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith He was appointed a Hand of the Cause and identified as one of the nineteen Apostles of Bahá'u'lláh.
Mírzá Hasan was born in Talaqán in September 1848. His father was an eminent Islamic cleric and Mírzá Hasan went through the usual religious education in Tihrán and Mashhad. He became the Friday prayer leader at the Daru'l-Funun, Iran's first technical college set up by the Shah, where he received his title of Adíbu'l-'Ulamá (littérateur of the 'Ulamá) In 1874 he was employed by the Qajar princes, writing a large number of encyclopedic books on their behalf.
Mírzá Hasan's acceptance of Bahá'u'lláh was the result of several Bahá'í friends, including Nabíl-i-Akbar, who prompted him to investigate the teachings. Upon converting to the Bahá'í Faith, he was expelled from his work. In 1889, his conversion was made official and he soon became one of the four Hands of the Cause appointed by Bahá'u'lláh.
Service and final years
After the passing of Bahá'u'lláh in 1892, Mírzá Hasan became instrumental in dealing with the activities of Covenant-breakers in Iran. He later participated in the meetings that evolved into the Central Spiritual Assembly of Tihrán, which later became the National Spiritual Assembly of Iran, of which he was the chairman.
In 1903, he travelled to Isfahan, where he was briefly imprisoned. From there he also visited Shiraz, Bombay, and ‘Akká, where `Abdu'l-Bahá instructed him to travel with an American Bahá'í to India and Burma to help spread the Bahá'í Faith in those areas.
- Balyuzi, Hasan (1985). Eminent Bahá'ís in the time of Bahá'u'lláh. The Camelot Press Ltd, Southampton. ISBN 0-85398-152-3.
- `Abdu'l-Bahá (1997) . Memorials of the Faithful (Softcover ed.). Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. ISBN 0-87743-242-2.
- Harper, Barron (1997). Lights of Fortitude (Paperback ed.). Oxford, UK: George Ronald. ISBN 0-85398-413-1.
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