Zwartewaal is a village in the Dutch province of South Holland, The Netherlands. It is a part of the municipality of Brielle and lies about 5 km south of Maassluis.

Zwartewaal
Village
Warehouse in Zwartewaal
Warehouse in Zwartewaal
Coat of arms of Zwartewaal
Zwartewaal is located in South Holland
Zwartewaal
Zwartewaal
Location in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands
Zwartewaal is located in Netherlands
Zwartewaal
Zwartewaal
Location in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 51°53′N 4°13′E / 51.883°N 4.217°E / 51.883; 4.217Coordinates: 51°53′N 4°13′E / 51.883°N 4.217°E / 51.883; 4.217
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceSouth Holland
MunicipalityBrielle
Area
 • Total9.52 km2 (3.68 sq mi)
Elevation0.2 m (0.7 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total1,905
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3238[1]
Dialing code0181

HistoryEdit

The village was first mentioned in the middle of the 13th century as "ten Zwarten Wale", and means "black (water) pond created after a dike breech".[3] Zwartewaal is dike village which developed after 1180 when the Zwartewaal polder was created. A fishing harbour was constructed outside the dike.[4] On 5 July 1351. the Battle of Zwartewaal was fought where William I, Duke of Bavaria defeated his mother and became count of Holland. Mother and son made peace in 1354.[5]

The Dutch Reformed church is a single aisled church from the 15th century. The tower was built in 1597.[5] The church is built on a terp (artificial hill) and is located outside of the village centre, because the village relocated due to flooding.[5]

Zwartewaal was home to 1,006 people in 1840.[5] It was a separate municipality between 1817 and 1980, when it became part of Brielle.[6]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 3238AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  3. ^ "Zwartewaal - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  4. ^ Ronald Stenvert & Sabine Broekhoven (2004). "Zwartewaal" (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 9034 3. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d "Zwartewaal". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  6. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, "Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten", KNAW, 2006. "Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten 1812-2006". Archived from the original on February 20, 2007. Retrieved December 3, 2009.