Zumurrud Khatun Mosque and Mausoleum
The Zumurrud Khatun Mosque and Mausoleum (Arabic: جامع زمرد خاتون, romanized: Masjid al-Haza'ir), also known as the Mosque al Khaffafin, is a historic mosque and shrine locatedcin Baghdad, Iraq. It dates back to the Abbasid era. It is located in Sheikh Maarouf Cemetery in the Karkh side of Baghdad. The site was built by Sitt Zubayda also known as Zumurrud Khatun in 1202, who was mother of the 34th Abbasid Caliph Al-Nasir, and wife of the 33rd Abbasid Caliph Al-Mustadi. She collected the waqf money from madrasas and built her mausoleum before her death, which is located in Karkh.
|Zumurrud Khatun Mosque|
Mosque al Khaffafin
Zumurrud Khatun Mosque
|Ecclesiastical or organisational status||Mosque and shrine|
|Date established||1202 CE|
The building is covered by the distinct nine layered muqarnas dome capped by a small cupola. The minaret of the mosque is considered built during the time of Seljuq dynasty in 12th century, and it is considered the oldest surviving minaret in Baghdad. The building has robust construction made of bricks and plaster. There is also an attached library, and an adjoined Shafi'i madrasa. Due to the mosque was dominated by Hanafi maddhab, the extension to the north for Shafi'i maddhab was added which is called Shafi'i Mosque.
The mosque is one of two historic mausoleums in Karkh, the other is the Sheikh Maruf Mosque.
The muqarnas-filled dome seen from the inside
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