Zou Jiahua (born October 1926) is a retired high-ranking politician of the People's Republic of China. He served as China's Vice Premier from 1991 to 1998, Vice-Chairman of the 9th National People's Congress from 1998 to 2003, and was a member of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party from 1992 to 1997.
|Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China|
|Member of the 14th Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party|
|General Secretary||Jiang Zemin|
|Born||October 1926 (age 95)|
Shanghai, Republic of China
|Political party||Chinese Communist Party|
|Alma mater||Harbin Institute of Technology|
Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Early life and careerEdit
From 1948 to 1955 Zou Jiahua studied first at the Harbin Institute of Technology, then later attended the Bauman Moscow State Technical University School of Mechanical Manufacturing, becoming proficient in Russian. His career, like many others in his generation centred on industry. Upon his return to China in 1955, Zou worked as an engineer in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, where he worked as the chief engineer then director of the Second Machine Tool Plant. Eventually in 1973, Zou became the Director of the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry.
After 1973, Zou began serving in increasingly responsible positions in State Council bodies. In 1988, Zou became head of the State Planning Commission, where he made decisions to hold major conferences for the integration of Guangxi Province as well as for initiatives for the establishment of regional economic zones. Zou was widely considered a strong proponent of central planning, and was quoted saying that "market mechanisms must take a backseat to economic planning." However, beginning in early 1992 he publicly echoed Deng Xiaoping's efforts to revive reform; as seen in an early 1992 speech where he praised Guangdong Province's accomplishments in economic reform and high economic growth.
From 1991 to 1998, Zou served as the Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China, and was one of China's point men for negotiations with the west. In 1994, he travelled in Canada and the United States and with then American President Bill Clinton to discuss issues of trade and human rights. As Vice Premier, Zou also visited Japan, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, and Germany; and the United States in 1986. He also played an important role in China's early efforts to acquire foreign military technology.
From 1992 to 1997 Zou served as a member of the 14th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party and Politburo of China. He was an alternate member of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party and a member of the 12th, 13th and 14th CCP Central Committees. He was a member of the Politboro of the 14th CCP Central Committee. In March 1998, Zou was elected vice-chairman of the 9th National People's Congress Standing Committee.
- His father Zou Taofen (邹韬奋; 1895–1944) was a well-known intellectual, journalist, and political commentator in Shanghai in the 1930s.
- His wife Ye Chumei (叶楚梅) is the daughter of Ye Jianying.
- His brother Zou Jingmeng (邹竞蒙; 1929–1999) was head of the China Meteorological Administration and president of the World Meteorological Organization. In 1999, Zou Jingmeng was murdered in Beijing during a robbery.
|1999||Member, Macao SAR Preparatory Committee, Government Delegation, Macao Hand-Over Ceremony|
|1998–2003||Vice-Chairman, 9th NPC Standing Committee|
|1997–2002||Delegate, 15th CCP, National Congress|
|1996–????||Head, State Leading Group for Information|
|1993–1998||Member, 8th National People's Congress|
|1992–1997||Member, 14th CCP Central Committee, Politburo|
|1991–1998||Vice-Premier, State Council|
|1989–1993||Chairman, National Development and Reform Commission|
|1988–1989||Minister, Ministry of Machinery and Electronics Industry|
|1987–1992||Member, 13th CCP Central Committee|
|1986–1988||Minister-in-Charge, State Machine-Building Industry Commission|
|1982–1987||Member, 12th CCP Central Committee|
|1982–1985||Vice-Minister, State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence (SASTIND)|
|1977–1982||Alternate Member, 11th CCP Central Committee|
|1973–1982||Director, First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry, Machine Tool Research Institute|
|1973–1982||Secretary, First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry, Machine Tool Research Institute CCP, Party Committee|
|1973–1982||Deputy Director, Office of National Defense Industry, Director, No.2 Machine Tool Plant Liaoning Province, Shenyang City|
|1955–????||Chief Engineer, No.2 Machine Tool Plant Liaoning Province, Shenyang City|
|1945||Joined, Chinese Communist Party|
|1944||Joined, People's Liberation Army (New Fourth Army)|
- "Who's Who: Zou Jiahua". China Today. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "邹家华简历". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Zou Jiahua". China Vitae. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- China's Provinces in Reform: Class, Community and Political Culture.
- "DOCUMENTS WITHHELD BY THE CLINTON WHITE HOUSE; Zou Jiahua". Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- Mann, Jim (2 May 1994). "Clinton, China Official to Meet as Trade Deadline Nears : Diplomacy: The White House refuses to discuss unannounced meeting with Zou Jiahua. It may be last high-level talk before a decision on trade benefits". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "邹家华". China Vitae. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- 邹韬奋. 患难余生记.
- Wen-Hsin Yeh. Shanghai Splendor: Economic Sentiments and the Making of Modern China, 1843-1949. University of California Press. p. 248.
- "1999年2月22日 邹竞蒙同志不幸逝世". People's Daily. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "邹竞蒙". China Meteorological Administration. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "Zou Jiahua (邹家华) Career Data". China Vitae. Retrieved 12 July 2013.