Zlaté Hory

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Zlaté Hory (Czech pronunciation: [ˈzlatɛː ˈɦorɪ]; until 1948 Cukmantl, German: Zuckmantel) is a town in the Jeseník District, Olomouc Region, Czech Republic, on the border with Poland. It has a population of 4,447 (2006). The town was founded in 1224.

Zlaté Hory

Cukmantl
Zuckmantel
Town
View of the town from Biskupská Kupa mountain
View of the town from Biskupská Kupa mountain
Flag of Zlaté Hory
Flag
Coat of arms of Zlaté Hory
Coat of arms
Etymology: Gold(en) mountain
Zlaté Hory is located in Czech Republic
Zlaté Hory
Zlaté Hory
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°15′17″N 17°23′38″E / 50.25472°N 17.39389°E / 50.25472; 17.39389Coordinates: 50°15′17″N 17°23′38″E / 50.25472°N 17.39389°E / 50.25472; 17.39389
CountryCzech Republic
RegionOlomouc
DistrictJeseník
Area
 • Total85.94 km2 (33.18 sq mi)
Elevation
390 m (1,280 ft)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total3,796
 • Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Websitehttp://www.zlatehory.cz/

Administrative parts: Rejvíz, Horní a Dolní Údolí and Ondřejovice

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 4,520 inhabitants, 4,341 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 4,341 (100%) were German-speaking. Most populous religious group were Roman Catholics with 4,441 (98.3%).[2]

On 29 January 1945, German SS soldiers were conducting a death march in the area and murdered 138 prisoners on a road from Konradów.[3]

The town has a long history of gold mining. First written accounts are from the 13th century but scientists estimate that gold mining there began already at the end of the 10th century. In 1990', mining operations were stopped as they were no longer profitable. However, as of 2015, there is a possibility that the mines will be opened again because the price of gold (in USD) has risen five times since then. The estimated amount of gold in the mines is from 3 to 9 tons.[4] The Czech name Zlaté hory can be translated as Golden Mountains.

Places of interestEdit

Famous personalitiesEdit

The German World War II panzer ace Kurt Knispel was born in nearby Salisfeld (Salisov). Knispel was the highest scoring tank ace of World War II with a total of 168 confirmed tank kills.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Zlaté Hory is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech Republic". Czech Statistical Office. 1 January 2019.
  2. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
  3. ^ Procházka, Petr (2007), Příběhy z pohraničí (1st ed.), Jeseník: Hnutí Brontosaurus Jeseníky, p. 74
  4. ^ http://www.novinky.cz/ekonomika/366872-cesko-zvazuje-ze-obnovi-tezbu-zlata.html

External linksEdit