Zhuolu County (simplified Chinese: 涿鹿县; traditional Chinese: 涿鹿縣; pinyin: Zhuōlù Xiàn) is a county in the northwest of Hebei province, bordering Beijing's Mentougou District to the east. It is under the administration of the Zhangjiakou city. It has eight towns, nine townships, and 373 village-level units (行政村). It is located near the confluence of the Sanggan He (桑干河) and Yang He (洋河) tributaries to the Yongding River, on the banks of Sanggan He. Zhuolu has 2802 square kilometers (approximately 1082 square miles), with a population of 330,000 inhabitants. Its postal code number is 075600, and its telephone area code is 0313.
Sanggan River Valley
Location in Zhangjiakou
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|County seat||Zhuolu Town|
|• Total||2,802 km2 (1,082 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Modern Zhuolu may or may not have been the location of the historical Battle of Zhuolu. However, it is promoted for tourism as such. Modern Zhuolu may or may not have been the location of what is claimed to be the only city founded by the legendary Yellow Emperor, Huáng dì 黄帝, although there is evidence to support this case.
Historic sites and scenic spotsEdit
Among the historic, scenic, or tourist destination spots, there are several associated with Huang di (the Yellow Emperor) and his rival Chi You. Besides this historical-type tourism, ecological tourism is also offered, although industrial plant/sector tours seem to be less widely advertised. As of June, 2009, an investment of 2,000,000 (US$) is planned to develop and promote grape and wine country tours, in the so-called "Zhuolu Grape Sightseeing Zone".
Aside from tourism, the local economy is typified by heavy manufacturing industries, together with viticulture and orchard produce, such as almonds. The Zhangjiakou vicinity is typified by iron and steel metallurgy. According to a Chinese government source, Zhuolu has the "largest grape plantation in Asia", being particularly noted for producing the Longyan grape, but also growing over twenty other varieties.
Grapes and wineEdit
Zhuolu is considered to be part of the Huai-Zhuo Basin viticultural region, along with Xuanhua and Huailai. With a claimed heat summation of 3532 degrees Celsius and 413 mm. (approximately sixteen and one-quarter inches) of annual rainfall, a sandy, lime, loam soil, and a distinct day/night temperature, together with the cool, dry summers, Zhuolu may be quite suitable for the production of Vitis vinefera-based wines, such as Cabernet sauvignon.
Zhuolu County is subdivided into the following:
The county-administered district is Nanshan District (南山区)
- Zhuolu Town, Zhangjiabao (张家堡镇), Wujiagou (武家沟镇), Wubao (五堡镇), Baodai (保岱镇), Fanshan (矾山镇), Dabao (大堡镇), Hedong (河东镇), Dongxiaozhuang (东小庄镇), Dahenan (大河南镇), Huiyao (辉耀镇)
- Sivin, Nathan, and others, ed. (1988) The Contemporary Atlas of China. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London.
- Sivin, 20, grid B2
- For example, see http://english.hebei.com.cn/system/2008/08/19/010096537.shtml Archived 16 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- http://lyj.zjktour.gov.cn/zsyz/zsxm/258880.shtml,[permanent dead link] accessed 27 June 2009
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)