Zhu Yuyue

Zhu Yuyue (Chinese: 朱聿鐭; pinyin: Zhū Yùyuè;[1] died January 1647), the Prince of Tang (Chinese: 唐王; pinyin: Tángwáng) reigned as the Shaowu Emperor (Chinese: 紹武; pinyin: Shàowǔ) of the Southern Ming dynasty from 1646 to 1647.

Shaowu Emperor
Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty
ReignDecember 1646 – January 1647
PredecessorLongwu Emperor
SuccessorYongli Emperor
Died1647
Full name
Family name: Zhu (朱)
Given name: Yuyue (聿鐭[1])
Era name and dates
Shaowu (紹武): December 1646 – January 1647
Posthumous name
none
Temple name
none
HouseHouse of Zhu
FatherZhu Qisheng

LifeEdit

He was a descendant of the first Ming emperor Zhu Yuanzhang. Before ascending to the throne he followed his father as the Prince of Tang and elder brother, the future Longwu Emperor, their fief being situated in Nanyang prefecture, in Henan province. In 1646 he succeeded the title of Prince of Tang after the accession of the Longwu Emperor.

When Qing forces captured Fuzhou in early October 1646 and killed the Longwu Emperor, he fled to Guangzhou. That December, at the behest of several high officials, he ascended to the Ming throne in Guangzhou, taking the reign title Shaowu (紹武; pinyin: Shàowǔ), just a few days before the Prince of Gui became the Yongli Emperor.

Both regimes claimed to be the legitimate successor of the Ming Dynasty, and war broke out shortly afterwards. Initially, forces of the Shaowu regime enjoyed victory over the Yongli forces. This ultimately led to the overconfidence of the Shaowu Emperor. Corruption and lack of defense doomed the government. Just 40 days after the establishment of the Shaowu regime, Qing forces successfully invaded Guangzhou. The Shaowu Emperor was captured in January 1647 and immediately committed suicide. According to the history book, he has no temple name.[2]

The remains of the Shaowu Emperor and his officials are buried in Yuexiu Park, Guangzhou.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b The rare character 𨮁 cannot be seen with many browsers' fonts. It looks like the combination [金粵] (see U+028B81 in Unihan database) and is pronounced "yuè" according to dictionaries such as zdic.net. Many online sources substitute for the rare character 𨮁 the more common character 鐭, which has a different element on the right. The name is transcribed as Zhu Yuyue e.g. in Frederic E Wakeman, Jr., 'The Great Enterprise'.
  2. ^ "哪些虚假庙号谥号被新闻媒体、杂志书籍当作真实的写入报道或资料中? – 知乎". www.zhihu.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  • This article is based on a translation from the Chinese Wikipedia.
Zhu Yuyue
 Died: 1647
Preceded by
Longwu Emperor
Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty
1646–1647
Succeeded by
Yongli Emperor