Zhao Hong (Song dynasty)
|Zhao Hong/Zhao Guihe|
|Prince of Zhen 鎮王|
|Reign||posthumously honored in 1275|
|Duke of Baling 巴陵郡公|
|Reign||posthumously demoted in 1225|
|Prince of Jiyang 濟陽郡王 |
Prince of Ji 濟王
|Crown Prince of Southern Song Dynasty|
|Predecessor||Zhao Xun 趙詢|
|Successor||vacant, Zhao Qi|
|Duke of Ji 濟國公|
|Duke of Qi 祁國公|
|Hereditary Prince of Yi 沂王後|
|Died||1225 (aged 17–18)|
|Issue||Zhao Quan, Marquess of Yongling 永寧侯趙銓|
|Father||Zhao Xiqu 趙希瞿 |
Zhao Bing, Prince of Yi 沂王趙抦 (adopted)
When the Crown Prince Zhao Xun died in 1220 from dysentery, Emperor Ningzong asked for a boy at least 14 years old to adopt. Zhao Hong was selected, adopted, and installed as Crown Prince in 1221.
The powerful chancellor Shi Miyuan did not want Hong to succeed Ningzong when he died because Shi Miyuan once found Zhao Hong sober and passed out on his quarters and in 1223, a lute-playing girl forced to act like a spy by Shi Miyuan spied on Zhao Hong and reported to Shi that once Zhao Hong would become Emperor, he would banish and exile Shi Miyuan and subordinates to the far south. Shi Miyuan not wanting to lose his power decided to send his ally Yu Tianxi to locate a suitable heir. Yu found Zhao Yuju, a minor official in Shaoxing and sent him to Shi. Shi decided to groom him as the potential heir renaming him Zhao Guicheng and forced Empress Yang onto the plot.
When Emperor Ningzong died, Shi Miyuan first brought Zhao Guicheng into the throne room and put him on the throne and then called Zhao Hong into the room without any bodyguards. Shi Miyuan then said that Zhao Guicheng was now the Emperor sparking protests from Zhao Hong until he was forced to bow in recognition of Zhao Guicheng. Zhao Hong was moved to a nearby prefecture, Huzhou where he could live in luxury.
- Zhao Hong must have been born at 1207 or lower since Emperor Ningzong asked for a boy at least 14. Subtract 14 from 1221 (year of Zhao Hong's adoption) and we get 1207.
- Chaffee, John W. (1999). Branches of Heaven: A History of the Imperial Clan of Sung China. Harvard Univ Asia Center. p. 202. ISBN 9780674080492.
- Davis, Richard L. "Troubles in Paradise: the Shrinking Royal Family in Southern Song" (PDF). National Palace Museum.
- Olson, David R.; Cole, Michael (2013-06-17). Technology, Literacy, and the Evolution of Society: Implications of the Work of Jack Goody. Psychology Press. p. 63. ISBN 9781134812981.
- W., Chaffee, John (1999). Branches of heaven : A history of the imperial clan of Sung China. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Asia Center. p. 203. ISBN 0674080491. OCLC 41338054.
- Olson, David R.; Cole, Michael (2013-06-17). Technology, Literacy, and the Evolution of Society: Implications of the Work of Jack Goody. Psychology Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781134812981.
- Lily Xiao Hong Lee; Sue Wiles (28 January 2015). Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women, Volume II: Tang Through Ming 618 - 1644. Taylor & Francis. pp. 789–790. ISBN 978-1-317-51561-6.
- John, Chaffee (1999). Branches of Heaven: History of the Imperial Clan of Sung China. pp. 202–203.
- McMahon, Keith (2016-04-21). Celestial Women: Imperial Wives and Concubines in China from Song to Qing. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 29. ISBN 9781442255029.
- Hansen, Valerie (2014-07-14). Changing Gods in Medieval China, 1127-1276. Princeton University Press. p. 154. ISBN 9781400860432.
- Chaffee, John W. (1999). Branches of Heaven: A History of the Imperial Clan of Sung China. Harvard Univ Asia Center. ISBN 9780674080492.
Zhao Hong (Song dynasty)Born: c. 1207 Died: 1225
| Crown Prince of the Song dynasty
Title next held byZhao Qi