Zeta Draconis (ζ Draconis, abbreviated Zet Dra, ζ Dra) is a binary star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco. With an apparent visual magnitude of +3.17, it is the fifth-brightest member of this generally faint constellation. Its distance from the Sun has been measured using the parallax technique, yielding an estimate of roughly 330 light-years (100 parsecs).
Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||17h 08m 47.19596s|
|Declination||+65° 42′ 52.8634″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||+3.17|
|Spectral type||B6 III|
|U−B color index||–0.43|
|B−V color index||–0.11|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||–17 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: –20.43 mas/yr
Dec.: +19.61 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||9.93 ± 0.35 mas|
|Distance||330 ± 10 ly
(101 ± 4 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||−1.88|
|Surface gravity (log g)||4.24 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||–0.95 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||55 km/s|
The two components are designated Zeta Draconis A (also named Aldhibah) and B.
ζ Draconis (Latinised to Zeta Draconis) is the system's Bayer designation. The designations of the two components as Zeta Draconis A and B derives from the convention used by the Washington Multiplicity Catalog (WMC) for multiple star systems, and adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).
Zeta Draconis shares the Arabic name Al dhi'bah ('the hyenas') with several other stars in the constellation, and shares the name Al dhibain with Eta Draconis. It is known as Nodus III (Third Knot, the knot being a loop in the tail of Draco). In 2016, the IAU organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN) to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN approved the name Aldhibah for the component Zeta Draconis A on 5 September 2017. It also approved the name Athebyne for Eta Draconis A on the same date. Both are now so included in the List of IAU-approved Star Names.
Zeta Draconis is mentioned in Hindu mythology as Tara who was a celestial goddess married to Lord Brhaspati. A divine epic was played out in the night sky when Lord Chandra, the moon, lusted after and abducted Tara, the blue pole star of Brhaspati, the planet Jupiter. By the completion of the epic Tara gives birth to Lord Budha, or Mercury.
In Chinese, 紫微左垣 (Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán), meaning Left Wall of Purple Forbidden Enclosure, refers to an asterism consisting of Zeta Draconis, Iota Draconis, Eta Draconis, Theta Draconis, Upsilon Draconis, 73 Draconis, Gamma Cephei and 23 Cassiopeiae. Consequently, Zeta Draconis itself is known as 紫微左垣四 (Zǐ Wēi Zuǒ Yuán sì, English: the Fourth Star of Left Wall of Purple Forbidden Enclosure), representing 上弼 (Shǎngbì), meaning The First Minister. 上弼 (Shǎngbì) is westernized into Shang Pih by R.H. Allen with meaning "the Higher Minister".
Zeta Draconis A is a giant star with a stellar classification of B6 III. Compared to the Sun, this star is about 2.5 times larger, 3.5 times more massive, and is radiating 148 times as much luminosity. This energy is being emitted from the star's outer envelope at an effective temperature of nearly 13,400 K. The azimuthal rotation velocity along the equator is at least 55 km/s.
The north ecliptic pole is located at right ascension 18h and declination +66.5°. This is located roughly midway between Delta Draconis and Zeta Draconis. The north ecliptic pole almost coincides with the south celestial pole of Venus; Zeta Draconis is also the north pole star of Jupiter.
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