Zenon Grocholewski (born 11 October 1939) is a Polish-born Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, who was elevated to the cardinalate in 2001. He served from 1999 until 2015 as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University.
|Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for Catholic Education (for Institutes of Study)|
|Appointed||15 November 1999|
|Term ended||31 March 2015|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of S. Nicola in Carcere|
|Ordination||27 May 1963|
by Antoni Baraniak
|Consecration||6 January 1983|
by Pope John Paul II
|Created cardinal||21 February 2001|
|Birth name||Zenon Grocholewski|
|Born||11 October 1939|
|Motto||Illum oportet crescere (He must increase) |
— John 3:30
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
He was born in Bródki to Stanisław and Józefa (née Stawińska) Grocholewski. After studying at the archdiocesan seminary of Poznań, Grocholewski was ordained to the priesthood on 27 May 1963 by Archbishop Antoni Baraniak, who had previously ordained him a subdeacon and deacon.
After his 21 December 1982 appointment as titular bishop of Acropolis, he received his episcopal consecration on the following 6 January from Pope John Paul II, with Archbishops Eduardo Martínez Somalo and Duraisamy Lourdusamy serving as co-consecrators. Grocholewski was promoted to the rank of Archbishop on 16 December 1991 by John Paul II. On 15 November 1999, John Paul II appointed Archbishop Grocholewski to serve as the Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and the Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University.
Grocholewski was created Cardinal-Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere by John Paul II in the consistory of 21 February 2001. Grocholewski automatically lost his position on 2 April 2005 upon the death of Pope John Paul. He was confirmed in office by Pope Benedict XVI on 21 April. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI. On 21 February 2011, he opted for the order of Cardinal Priest, with his former diaconal church elevated to the level of cardinalitial title.
He is a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Congregation for Bishops, the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts, and the Special Council for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops. Cardinal Grocholewski was also the papal envoy to the ceremonies marking the 400th anniversary of the founding the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, Manila, the oldest university in Asia.
Grocholewski taught at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome (1975–1999) and at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome (1980–1984). He also gave lectures on Administrative Justice at the Studio Rotale of the Roman Rota (1986–1998).
He has given talks at conferences and conventions in various countries. He is connected with a number of Canon Law associations, and with the editorial boards of some academic reviews and journals.
Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic EducationEdit
In March 2011 at a press conference to present the newly published Decree on the Reform of Ecclesiastical Studies of Philosophy, Cardinal Grocholewski explained how the normative documents concerning ecclesiastical studies comprehended John Paul II's 1979 Apostolic Constitution "Sapientia christiana" and its norms of application, issued in the same year by the Congregation for Catholic Education. "Nonetheless", he said, "'Ecclesia semper est reformanda' in order to respond to the new demands of ecclesial life in changing historical-cultural circumstances and this also (perhaps especially) involves the academic world". The reasons for the reform, the cardinal explained, are "on the one hand, the shortcomings in philosophical formation at many ecclesiastical institutions, where precise points of reference are lacking especially as regards the subjects to be taught and the quality of teachers.... On the other hand there is the conviction – expressed in John Paul II's 1998 Encyclical Fides et ratio of the importance of the metaphysical component of philosophy, ... and the awareness that philosophy is indispensable for theological formation". For this reason today's decree of the congregation aims to re-evaluate philosophy, above all in the light of that Encyclical, ... restoring the 'original vocation' of philosophy; i.e., the search for truth and its sapiental and metaphysical dimension".
Honours, awards and decorationsEdit
Cardinal Grocholewski has received more than 20 honorary Doctorates, the Grand Medal of San Gorazdo of the Ministry of Education of Slovakia (2000), the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (Chile) (2003), the Grand Cross of Merit with Star and Sash of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2005), the Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta (2009), and Commander of l’Ordre des Palmes académiques of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of France (2009).
- Nauka Polska
- Catholic Pages Archived 25 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Catholic Hierarchy
- Roman Curia, Congregation for Catholic Education, Profile Archived 3 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Fox News, Fast Facts: List of Cardinal Electors, 18 April 2005
- Concistoro per il voto su alcune cause di canonizzazione 21 February 2011 Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Grocholewski, Zenon". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
- Tornielli, Andrea (31 March 2015). "Versaldi is the new "minister" of Catholic education". Vaticam Insider. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Cf. Official Biography of Cardinal Grocholewski used during the 400th year foundation of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, Manila.
- New decree on reform of philosophy studies Archived 16 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Grocholewski Card. Zenon". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- 2009 Catholic Almanac
|Catholic Church titles|
| Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
5 October 1998 – 15 November 1999
Mario Francesco Pompedda
| Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education