Zelfana (Arabic: زلفانة‎) is a town and commune, coextensive with Zelfana District, in Ghardaïa Province, Algeria. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 10,161,[1] up from 7,241 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 3.5%.[1]

Zelfana
زلفانة
Commune and town
Location of Zelfana commune within Ghardaïa Province
Location of Zelfana commune within Ghardaïa Province
Zelfana is located in Algeria
Zelfana
Zelfana
Location of Zelfana within Algeria
Coordinates: 32°23′49″N 4°13′34″E / 32.39694°N 4.22611°E / 32.39694; 4.22611Coordinates: 32°23′49″N 4°13′34″E / 32.39694°N 4.22611°E / 32.39694; 4.22611
Country Algeria
ProvinceGhardaïa Province
DistrictZelfana District (coextensive)
Elevation
358 m (1,175 ft)
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total10,161
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)

ClimateEdit

Zelfana has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers and mild winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Climate data for Zelfana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.5
(67.1)
22.8
(73.0)
28.5
(83.3)
32.8
(91.0)
38.5
(101.3)
42.7
(108.9)
41.6
(106.9)
35.5
(95.9)
28.4
(83.1)
21.2
(70.2)
17.4
(63.3)
28.8
(83.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
12.8
(55.0)
15.8
(60.4)
20.7
(69.3)
24.8
(76.6)
30.3
(86.5)
33.8
(92.8)
33.0
(91.4)
28.3
(82.9)
21.5
(70.7)
15.0
(59.0)
11.2
(52.2)
21.5
(70.6)
Average low °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
6.2
(43.2)
8.9
(48.0)
12.9
(55.2)
16.9
(62.4)
22.1
(71.8)
25.0
(77.0)
24.5
(76.1)
21.2
(70.2)
14.7
(58.5)
8.9
(48.0)
5.1
(41.2)
14.2
(57.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
4
(0.2)
9
(0.4)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
4
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
8
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
57
(2.3)
Source: climate-data.org[3]

TransportationEdit

Zelfana is connected by a short 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) road to the N48 highway, which connects it to Ouargla to the east and the Trans-Sahara Highway or N1 to the west, near Noumerat Airport. The N1 connects to Ghardaïa to the north and to El Goléa and In Salah to the south.

EducationEdit

5.5% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 15.4% has completed secondary education.[4] The overall literacy rate is 78.8%, and is 85.6% among males and 71.9% among females.[5]

LocalitiesEdit

The commune of Zelfana is composed of five localities:[6]

  • Centre de Zelfana
  • Village socialiste agricole et Centre Pétrolier de Oued Noumer
  • El Hesseï
  • Gouifla
  • La Palmeraie

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Population: Ghardaïa Wilaya" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Climate data for: Zelfana". climate-data.org. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence " (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  6. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (PDF) (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne. 19 December 1984. p. 1578. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
Neighbouring towns and cities