Zaysan (town)

Zaysan or Zaisan (Kazakh: Зайсан, Zaisan; Russian: Зайсан), is a town in the East Kazakhstan Region of Kazakhstan, the administrative center of Zaysan District. It is situated near the southeastern corner of Lake Zaysan at an altitude of 660 meters (2170 ft) above sea level.[1] Population: 14,389 (2009 Census results);[2] 16,021 (1999 Census results).[2] The town is located near the eastern terminus of European route E127, which connects it with Omsk in Russia as well as the rest of the European route network.

Zaysan
Зайсан
Zaysan is located in Kazakhstan
Zaysan
Zaysan
Coordinates: 47°28′00″N 84°52′00″E / 47.46667°N 84.86667°E / 47.46667; 84.86667Coordinates: 47°28′00″N 84°52′00″E / 47.46667°N 84.86667°E / 47.46667; 84.86667
Country Kazakhstan
RegionEast Kazakhstan Region
Founded:
Established:
1868
1941
Elevation
660 m (2,170 ft)
Population
 (2009)
 • Total14,389
Time zoneUTC+6 (OMST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+7 (OMSST)

HistoryEdit

Zaysan was founded in 1868 as a Russian military post.[3]

ClimateEdit

Zaysan has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa).

Climate data for Zaysan (1991–2020, extremes 1925–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
10.8
(51.4)
24.3
(75.7)
33.0
(91.4)
35.8
(96.4)
39.1
(102.4)
42.0
(107.6)
41.1
(106.0)
37.8
(100.0)
32.8
(91.0)
17.4
(63.3)
13.9
(57.0)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) −12.6
(9.3)
−8.7
(16.3)
0.2
(32.4)
15.1
(59.2)
21.8
(71.2)
27.2
(81.0)
29.1
(84.4)
27.8
(82.0)
21.6
(70.9)
13.1
(55.6)
0.1
(32.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
10.5
(50.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.5
(2.3)
−13.4
(7.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
9.1
(48.4)
16.1
(61.0)
21.7
(71.1)
23.6
(74.5)
22.2
(72.0)
15.7
(60.3)
7.3
(45.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
−13.1
(8.4)
5.3
(41.5)
Average low °C (°F) −20.2
(−4.4)
−17.4
(0.7)
−8.7
(16.3)
3.9
(39.0)
10.8
(51.4)
16.8
(62.2)
18.8
(65.8)
17.4
(63.3)
10.7
(51.3)
2.8
(37.0)
−7.7
(18.1)
−16.7
(1.9)
0.9
(33.6)
Record low °C (°F) −39.8
(−39.6)
−40.4
(−40.7)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−14.5
(5.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.8
(33.4)
8.1
(46.6)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−17.8
(0.0)
−38.1
(−36.6)
−40.9
(−41.6)
−40.9
(−41.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
29
(1.1)
41
(1.6)
35
(1.4)
42
(1.7)
25
(1.0)
29
(1.1)
29
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
16
(0.6)
319
(12.6)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 138 163 202 242 282 304 327 311 254 182 129 116 2,650
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[4]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Falling Rain Global Gazetteer entry for Zaysan, Kazakhstan. Retrieved January 29, 2006.
  2. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  3. ^ Cohen, Saul (1998). The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. Columbia University Press. p. 3547.
  4. ^ "Weather and Climate- The Climate of Zaysan" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Zajsan (Zaysan) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 5 January 2022.

External linksEdit