Zawisza Bydgoszcz

Zawisza Bydgoszcz (Polish pronunciation: [zaˈviʂa ˈbɨdɡɔʂt͡ʂ]) is a sports club from Bydgoszcz, Poland, founded in 1946. Its name commemorates a legendary Polish 15th-century knight, Zawisza Czarny (Zawisza the Black). The club holds many sections: football, track and field athletics, boxing, rowing, canoeing, weightlifting, gymnastics, shooting, and parachuting ones.[1]

Zawisza Bydgoszcz
Zawisza Bydgoszcz vector.svg
Full nameSP Zawisza Bydgoszcz
Nickname(s)Wojskowi ("Military"), Niebiesko-Czarni ("Blue-Black"),
Rycerze Pomorza ("Knights of Pomerania")
Founded1946; 75 years ago (1946)
GroundStadion Miejski im. Zdzisława Krzyszkowiaka
Capacity20,247
ChairmanPoland Krzysztof Bess
ManagerPoland Piotr Kolc
LeagueIII liga
2020-21IV liga Cuyavia-Pomerania 1st of 19 (promoted)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

HistoryEdit

 
Polish cup winners 2014

The team was founded in 1946, as a military-sponsored club in Koszalin, although they only played friendly matches initially. When the army headquarters moved to Bydgoszcz a year later in 1947 the club followed.[1][2]

The football team has achieved some successes, playing for several years in the Polish First Division, first winning promotion in 1961.

They reached the semi-finals of the Polish Cup in 1991[3] and competed in 1993 Intertoto Cup.[4]

Zawisza was relegated from the Second Level to Fourth Level in the 1997–98 season. In 2001, they controversially merged with Chemik Bydgoszcz, and played as Chemik-Zawisza, whilst the reserve team was initially meant to be called Zawisza-Chemik, although ultimately the reserved team remained as simply "Zawisza". The merger turned out to be very unsuccessful, and the senior side started anew from the bottom of the league pyramid reverting to "Chemik", leaving the reserve team in the fifth division, which subsequently became Zawisza's senior team.[5]

Aside from the ongoing Hydrobudowa scandal between 2006 and 2008, the original team were promoted to the Third Level after finishing 1st in their regional Group of the 3rd liga in the 2007–2008 season.[6] On 12 June 2011, after a 13-year absence, Zawisza was promoted to the Second Division after finishing second 5 points behind Olimpia Grudziądz in the Third Division West in the 2010–11 season.[7] In 2013 Zawisza won the Polish Second Division and were promoted.[8]

They won the Polish Cup in the 2013–14 season, 6–5 on penalties after a goalless 120 minutes against Zagłębie Lubin,[9][10] and qualified to UEFA Europe League second qualifying round.[11]

After the club had finished 5th in 2015–16 I liga, it did not receive a license for the following season due to financial problems and dissolved. The refounded club SP Zawisza started the 2016-17 season in Klasa B, grupa Bydgoszcz III which is in the 8th tier of Polish football.[12]

Zawisza's under-19 team won the national youth championship in 1981.[13]

HydrobudowaEdit

Zawisza Bydgoszcz SA was a club that was created when Kujawiak Włocławek were moved to Bydgoszcz and renamed by Hydrobudowa, their owners. The original Zawisza Bydgoszcz continued playing in the fourth division.[14] however the new club had a very similar logo and an identical name. As a result, Kujawiak, Zawisza and supporters all over the country boycotted the relocated team.[15] The reserve team continued to play under the name Kujawiak Włocławek in the Fourth Polish league.

The club lasted two seasons in the Second Division,[16] before it folded in 2007[17] as a result of serious corruption allegations[18] and widespread condemnation.[19]

CrestEdit

Zawisza's crest has changed several times.[20]


SupportersEdit

The fan movement at Zawisza started in the 1970s, one of the first clubs with organised support in the country. Since then club has always attracted a large support considering its relative lack of success. The club enjoys support from around Cuiavia, with fan-clubs in several other major towns, most notably in Inowrocław, Janikowo, Nakło and Mogilno, among several others.[21]

The fans have good relations with fans of ŁKS Łódź, GKS Tychy, Zagłębie Lubin and Górnik Wałbrzych. Their arch-rivals are fellow locals Polonia Bydgoszcz, with whom they contest the Bydgoszcz Derby, and regional rivals Elana Toruń, with whom they play the Cuiavian Derby, with the Toruń and Bydgoszcz rivalry between the two cities one which goes even beyond sport.[22]

ProtestsEdit

 
The club's alternate logo

In the 21st Century, the Zawisza fans have encountered numerous challenges from owners, city council, politicians and the media, frequently battling against them for public support.[23]

First they opposed the controversial merger with Chemik Bydgoszcz in 2001, choosing to boycott the new merged club (which turned out to be hugely unsuccessful) and support the reserve team which still played under the Zawisza name.[23]

In 2006, the fans opposed the new relocated Zawisza, again opting to continue to support the original team made up of the reserve squad. When the "new Zawisza" failed to win any trophies and was embroiled in a match-fixing scandal, subsequently folding, the fans triumphantly announced victory against the media and politicians who supported it.[19]

In 2008, the fans protested against the city council which was insistent on renaming the newly rebuilt stadium as the "Municipal Stadium", with the fans claiming that to omit any link to Zawisza was unfair.[23]

In 2014, the fans began to boycott matches after a match against Widzew Łódź. The fans claim that the police assaulted fans, when preventing Zawisza and ŁKS Łódź fans from entering the stadium.[24] Following the incident, the fans asked to see the security footage, however, the footage was claimed to be lost due to an alleged "technical fault".[25] The club chairman, Radosław Osuch, and a large portion of the media[26] and public opinion, attributed the incident to football hooliganism.[27] The players supported the chairman,[28][29] sparking fury from the fans.[30] Osuch threatened to relocate the club, and has openly declared war against the fans[31] He changed the club crest to the similar crest used by the relocated Zawisza in 2006, further angering the fans.[32] Since 2014, the boycott has been upheld, meaning that there has been low attendances and support during matches,[33] including the historic Polish Cup win. In January 2015, a group of fans broke into the stadium and placed 15 coffins on the pitch, depicting 14 players and the chairman, and a banner with the words "Osuch's whore spares, you are morally dead", as a protest against the chairman and the players.[34] The club issued a criminal investigation into the incident.[35][36] In May 2015, after Górnik Łęczna keeper Sergiusz Prusak displayed a T-shirt showing his support to the Zawisza fans, the Zawisza fans decided to break their boycott for one match only to come and thank him in a match against Górnik. In order to prevent the fans from coming to Zawisza, Osuch subsequently raised the match ticket price to a very high 200 in order to stop the fans attending.[37] After 5 years, Osuch decided to leave the club,[38] however upon this announcement the players and staff also all resigned.[39] Without investment, the club was disbanded by Osuch as last act, stating that there is a poor atmosphere surrounding Polish football.[40] The fans reformed the club and had to start the new season from the lowest level on the football pyramid.[41]

GroundEdit

European recordEdit

Season Competition Round Opponent 1st leg 2nd leg Aggregate/Position
1993 Intertoto Cup Group stage (Group 1)   Rapid Vienna 1:1 n/a 2nd
  Halmstads BK 1:2
  Brøndby IF 6:1
  Yantra Gabrovo 0:0
2014–15[42] UEFA Europa League 2Q   Zulte Waregem 1–2 (A) 1–3 (H) 2–5

Current squadEdit

As of 29 July 2021[43]Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK   POL Michał Oczkowski
GK   POL Jakub Karbowski
GK   POL Jan Stypczyński
DF   POL Mateusz Oczkowski
DF   POL Kamil Czyżniewski
DF   POL Bartosz Stoppel
DF   POL Jakub Witucki
MF   POL Ariel Jastrzembski
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   POL Korneliusz Sochań
MF   POL Adrian Brzeziński
MF   AUS Jay Jaskólski
MF   POL Oskar Fürst
MF   POL Dawid Deresiewicz
FW   POL Tomasz Żylińsk
FW   POL Przemysław Wesołek
FW   POL Kamil Żylski

ManagersEdit

[citation needed]

[45]

Notable playersEdit

 
Zbigniew Boniek, former player and Polish Football Association president
Internationally capped players

HonoursEdit

Polish Cup

Superpuchar Polski

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "WKS Zawisza Bydgoszcz". Soccerway. Perform. Archived from the original on 17 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  3. ^ Kusina, Maciej. "90minut.pl". Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Intertoto Cup 1993". mogiel.net. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  5. ^ Kusina, Maciej. "Skarb - Chemik/Zawisza Bydgoszcz". 90minut.pl. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  6. ^ Kusina, Maciej. "IV liga 2007/2008, grupa: kujawsko-pomorska". 90minut.pl. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  7. ^ Kusina, Maciej. "II liga 2010/2011, grupa: zachodnia". 90minut.pl. Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
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  43. ^ "Kadra 2020-21".
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External linksEdit