Zavidovići (Serbian Cyrillic: Завидовићи) is a town and municipality located in Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located between Doboj and Zenica on the confluence of rivers Bosna, Krivaja and Gostović. It sits in a valley surrounded by many mountains of which the largest is Klek. As of 2013, the municipality had a population of 35,988 inhabitants and the town itself 8,174.[1]

Zavidovići
Завидовићи
Grad Zavidovići
Град Завидовићи
City of Zavidovići
Zavidovići
Zavidovići
Location of Zavidovići municipality (općina) within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Zavidovići municipality (općina) within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Zavidovići is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Zavidovići
Zavidovići
Location of Zavidovići
Coordinates: 44°27′N 18°09′E / 44.450°N 18.150°E / 44.450; 18.150
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canton Zenica-Doboj
Government
 • MayorHašim Mujanović (SBiH)
Area
 • City590.3 km2 (227.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • City35,988
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
 • Urban
8,174
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)CEST
Area code+387 32
Websitewww.zavidovici.ba
Mushroom cultivation in an anti-aerial bunker in Zavidovići, 1999. Development project financed by the Local Democracy Embassy at Zavidovići

HistoryEdit

Zavidovići was home to two neolithic cultures: Butmir and Kakanj. Significant Kakanj culture site is located in Tuk.

Zavidovići was developed by the Austrians during the 19th century Austro-Hungarian reign in Bosnia, mostly because of the "wood industry". After World War II, Krivaja, the company that was founded in 1884 and named after the Krivaja river, expanded. The company focused on furniture manufacturing, which it began to export to the United States under the name "Krivaja Beechbrook". Due to the Bosnian war in the 1990s, the former giant and the town are left with almost nothing.

Although once a diverse town, many of the former Serb and Croat residents left their homes during the Bosnian war. Few have returned to their properties. Now, it is a mostly Bosniak town, with few non-Bosniaks remaining.

Zavidovići's nickname is "Wood Town". Zavidovići is located in the basin of three rivers: Bosna, Krivaja and Gostović.

DemographicsEdit

The town of Zavidovići itself had 12,947 residents in 1991.

Ethnic Composition
Bosniaks Serbs Croats Yugoslavs Others Total
1961
17,758 48.99% 11,119 30.67% 6,528 18.01% 649 1.79% 196 0.54% 36,250
1971
24,803 56,34% 11.031 25,06% 7,457 16,94% 353 0.80% 374 0.86% 44,018
1981
29,289 56.48% 11,202 21.60% 7,451 14.37% 3,234 6.24% 685 1.32% 51,861
1991[2]
34,198 59.83% 11,640 20.36% 7,576 13.25% 2,726 4.77% 1,024 1.79% 57,164
2013
32,735 90.96% 573 1.59% 1,204 3.34% 0.00 0.00% 1,278 3.55% 35,988

SettlementsEdit

  • Borovnica
  • Dubravica
  • Bajvati
  • Gornji Junuzovići
  • Gostovići
  • Hajderovići
  • Hrge
  • Kamenica
  • Karačić
  • Krivaja
  • Stipovići
  • Poljice
  • Krčevine
  • Kućice
  • Lijevča
  • Mahoje
  • Majdan
  • Miljevići
  • Mitrovići
  • Mustajbašići
  • Osječani
  • Petkovići
  • Perovići
  • Podvolujak
  • Dolovi
  • Lovnica
  • Potkleče
  • Predražići
  • Priluk
  • Ribnica
  • Ridžali
  • Rujnica
  • Sinanovići
  • Skroze
  • Stavci
  • Suha
  • Svinjašnica
  • Spasojevići
  • Vikovići
  • Vozuća
  • Vukmanovići
  • Vukovine
  • Vrbica
  • Zavidovići

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Zavidovići is twinned with:[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  2. ^ Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements - 1991 Census. Sarajevo: The Bosnia and Herzegovina Statistics Agency - Bulletin n. 234. 1991.
  3. ^ "Bratski i prijateljski gradovi". zavidovici.ba (in Bosnian). Zavidovići. Retrieved 2020-12-29.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 44°27′N 18°09′E / 44.450°N 18.150°E / 44.450; 18.150