Zator, Lesser Poland Voivodeship

Zator [ˈzatɔr] (German: Neuenstadt an der Schaue, Wymysorys: Naojśtaod) is an old town on the Skawa river within Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship (since 1999) in southern Poland. From 1975 to 1998 it belonged to the Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship. It is the administrative seat of the Gmina Zator. According to data from December 31, 2008, Zator was inhabited by 4779 people.

Zator
14th-century Catholic church
14th-century Catholic church
Coat of arms of Zator
Zator is located in Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Zator
Zator
Zator is located in Poland
Zator
Zator
Coordinates: 49°59′47″N 19°26′17″E / 49.99639°N 19.43806°E / 49.99639; 19.43806Coordinates: 49°59′47″N 19°26′17″E / 49.99639°N 19.43806°E / 49.99639; 19.43806
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
CountyPoland
GminaZator
Government
 • MayorMariusz Makuch
Area
 • Total11.53 km2 (4.45 sq mi)
Elevation
239 m (784 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total3,726
 • Density320/km2 (840/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
32-640
Car platesKOS
Websitehttp://www.zator.pl

DescriptionEdit

The city, located on the Skawa river, is well known for pisciculture, especially carp, and periodic event called Zatorskie Dni Karpia. Zator is the main city of the Carp Valley.[1]

HistoryEdit

Originally a part of Lesser Poland, the area was acquired by the Silesian Piast Duke Władysław of Opole by a 1274 agreement with the Polish Princeps Bolesław V the Chaste. Zator then belonged to the Upper Silesian Duchy of Opole and after Władysław's death in 1281 fell to the Duchy of Cieszyn. It received town privileges in 1292.

From 1315 on Zator belonged to the Duchy of Oświęcim split off Cieszyn and in 1445 even became the capital of a Piast duchy in its own right, the Duchy of Zator under Duke Wenceslaus I, a Bohemian vassal. It finally fell back to the Kingdom of Poland, when in 1494 Wenceslaus' son Jan V sold his lands to King John I Albert.

From 1564 Zator had been incorporated into the Kraków Voivodeship of Lesser Poland; in the course of the 1772 First Partition of Poland it was annexed by the Habsburg monarchy under Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and incorporated into the Austrian Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. After the dissolution of Austria-Hungary by the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain Zator again fell to Poland.

During the World War II, Zator was incorporated to Nazi Germany as a part of the Province of Upper Silesia, and was liberated on January 26, 1945. Several hundred Jews lived in Zator. Most of them were murdered in the Holocaust.[2]

 
A monument in memory of the Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust in the Zatur community and the surrounding area. In the Kiryat Shaul cemetery

Places of interestEdit

  • The Zator castle, actually a palace, originally of defensive purposes. The castle is from 1445 year. It is classified as The First Class Monument. In 1836, it was completely renovated by The Potocki family according to the project of F. M. Lanci.[3]
  • The Jewish cemetery, founded in the middle of the 19th century. There are about 50 preserved headstones, most of which with an inscription in Hebrew language.
  • The Energylandia amusement park is located in Zator.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Roman Rybarski (1887–1942), economist and politician
  • Rose Meth (1925-2013), surviving participant of the October 7, 1944 Sonderkommando uprising at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Zator is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stowarzyszenie Dolina Karpia (December 9, 2010). "Dolina Karpia" (in Polish).
  2. ^ The story of the Zator Jewish community
  3. ^ Polskie Zamki (December 7, 2010). "Zamek w Zatorze" (in Polish).
  4. ^ "Energylandia". ThemeParks-EU. Retrieved 16 December 2018.

External linksEdit