Zastava Arms

Coordinates: 44°00′29″N 20°54′51″E / 44.00806°N 20.91417°E / 44.00806; 20.91417

Zastava Arms (Serbian: Застава oружје, romanizedZastava oružje) is a Serbian manufacturer of firearms and artillery, based in Kragujevac, Serbia. It was founded in 1853 when it cast its first cannon. It is the leading producer of firearms in Serbia and is a large contributor to the local defense industry. Zastava Arms produces and exports a wide variety of products to over forty countries, including the popular Zastava M70, a Kalashnikov rifle.

Zastava Arms
Native name
Застава oружје
Zastava oružje
Joint-stock company
IndustryArms industry
Founded27 October 1853; 167 years ago (1853-10-27) (Originally founded)
31 December 2000; 19 years ago (2000-12-31) (Current form)
Headquarters
Kosovska 4, Kragujevac
,
Serbia
Area served
Worldwide
ProductsFirearms, artillery
RevenueIncrease 47.87 million (2018)[1]
Positive decrease (€10.68 million) (2018)[1]
Total assetsDecrease €131.40 million (2018)[2]
Total equityDecrease €0 (2018)[2]
OwnerGovernment of Serbia (48%)
Number of employees
2,506 (2018)
SubsidiariesZastava Arms USA
Websitewww.zastava-arms.rs/en

HistoryEdit

 
Gun Foundry in 1856.
 
Workshop of Zastava Arms in 1910.

The successful production of four four-pound cannons and two short howitzers on 27 October 1853 is date of foundation of Zastava Arms in Kragujevac. Between 1856 and 1860, the facilities in Kragujevac received many upgrades to its manufacturing system, eventually allowing the plant to produce weapons with full parts interchangeability. In 1878, one of the main priorities became the modernization of armaments. Serbian rifle „Piboduša“ Model 1870 Peabody became obsolete with their large 14,9mm caliber.[3] After a research project and a competitive tender in 1879, a new model rifle was chosen as the replacement. The first domestic-made repeating rifle, a derivative of the Mauser Model 1871 bolt-action rifle, was designed in 1880 by Kosta Milovanović and was named Mauzer Milovanović M. 1880, known as "Mauser-Koka" or "Koka's Rifle", after its designer. The weapon was first manufactured in Germany and was called the Mauser-Milovanović M1878/80, cal. 10,15mm.[4] In 1924 and 1925, the Ministry of the Interior signed contracts with FN Herstal, Belgium which allowed the production of M24 series bolt-action rifles chambered in 7.92×57mm Mauser. A factory for production of rifles and infantry ammunition was also built. The factory for production of infantry ammunition began production on 22 March 1928 and the factory for production of rifles and ammunition began operation on October 15 (the 75th anniversary of the first casting of cannons in Kragujevac). In 1930, the factory started the production of signal pistols 26 mm M 1929 on a Czechoslovakian license. In July 1936, the factory received a license from the Czechoslovakian Zbrojovka Brno to produce the light machinegun ZB vz. 26 7.9 mm M 1937.

 
Yugo Mauser Model 1924.

Zastava Arms was heavily damaged during World War II. When Kragujevac was liberated on 21 October 1944, the weapons factory was repaired to working order within months and production began shortly after, with the 9mm M 1944 B2 submachine gun developed the same year. The next postwar production rifle was the 7.92×57mm Mauser Model 1948 based on the Model 24. The production of air rifles and sporting rifles on the basis of the M48 rifle started in 1953. In 1954, Zastava started the production of shotguns and small bore rifles, as well as the 7.9 mm M53 ¨Sarac¨ machine gun. Batch production of the 7.62×39mm PAP M59 semi-automatic rifle started in 1964. In the 1964, the factory started the development of an automatic rifle based on the Kalashnikov system, which was designated the M67 in 1967. On the basis of the M67 rifle, the factory developed an automatic rifle chambered in 7.62×39mm, which was named the Zastava M70 in the following year. The Yugoslav People's Army adopted the M70 assault rifle into its arsenal in 1970. Small arms derivatives of the M70 produced rifles chambered in Western bloc ammunition such as 7.62×51mm NATO and 5.56×45mm NATO were also produced. In 1988, the factory developed a compact pistol in 9 mm Parabellum, the M88.

 
PAP M59/66 (Yugo SKS) with a rifle grenade launcher and folding bayonet.

In the 1980s, the plant for the M84, M86 in 7.62×54mmR and 12.7 NSV M87 machine guns began to operate. In July 1989, Zastava started the development of a double-action pistol in caliber 9mm PARA CZ 99. In 1992, the factory finished the development and testing and started batch production of the 7.62 mm M92 submachine gun, based on the M85 submachine gun. Using the Mauser mechanism, the factory developed a 12.7 mm long range rifle, the Black Arrow M93.

During the Yugoslav Wars of 1991 to 1995, the United Nations placed economic sanctions on the import and export of weapons from Yugoslavia. Production slowed as a result. In 1999, the factory was damaged by NATO bombing.

In 2005, a memorandum of understanding was signed with Remington Arms to export hunting and sporting guns to the United States, Canada and Mexico. From 2005 to 2014, Zastava Arms underwent restructuring.

In 2013, the Government of Serbia made a decision to convert debt of defense industry companies to state into shares in a company, with Zastava Arms owing the most at over 80 million euros in taxes.[5] However, the realization of that decision has been postponed indefinitely, making Zastava Arms the most indebted defense industry company in Serbia.[5]

The Government of Serbia invested 9.7 million euros in the factory's modernization in 2017, for the needs of defense industry.[6]

In January 2019, the creation of Zastava Arms USA was announced,[7] which would serve as "exclusive importer and distributor" of Zastava Arms products for the US market.[8] As of June 2019, company's debt in taxes increased to 85 million euros, with total debt being at around 145 million euros.[9]

Production of firearms in 2020 increased for 20%, despite the COVID-19 pandemic.[10] The deals made in 2020 were worth 95 million dollars, with buyers mostly from Asia, Africa and the United States.

ProductsEdit

Anti-aircraft autocannonsEdit

Name Type Prod. years Cartridge Photo Notes
Zastava M55 triple-barreled 1978– 20 mm [11]
Bofors 40 mm gun anti-aircraft/multi-purpose 1978– 40 mm L/60–70 L70 version with laser-computer group under license from Bofors [11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "БИЛАНС УСПЕХА (2018) - Застава Оружје". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b "БИЛАНС СТАЊА (2018) - Застава Оружје". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  3. ^ Collection of 19th century weapons until 1918. Archived October 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Military Museum
  4. ^ Viktor Kovačević (August 1998). "KOKA POPRAVLJA MAUZERA". Srpsko nasleđe, Istorijske sveske, broj 8 (in Serbian). NIP "GLAS".
  5. ^ a b Radovanović, Z. (5 September 2017). "Planina duga Zastave oružja čeka Vladu Srbije". danas.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Vojne fabrike u dugovima, hale i oprema zastareli". danas.rs (in Serbian). 24 April 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  7. ^ Edger, Chris (24 January 2019). "PAPS, TOKS AND MAUSERS FOR THE MASSES: ZASTAVA LAUNCHES U.S-BASED OPERATION". guns.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  8. ^ H., Hrachya (2 January 2019). "Zastava Arms USA to Become the Exclusive Zastava Firearms Importer". thefirearmblog.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Poreski dug "Zastava oružja" dostigao 10 MILIJARDI DINARA". blic.rs. Danas. 26 June 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  10. ^ Карталовић, Бране. "Од „острагуше" до модуларне пушке М19". Politika Online. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  11. ^ a b "1970-1992". Zastava Arms.

External linksEdit