Zarafshon (Uzbek: Zarafshon / Зарафшон, Persian: زرافشان) is a city in the center of Uzbekistan's Navoiy Region. Administratively, it is a district-level city, that includes the urban-type settlement Muruntau. It has an area of 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi) and it has 85,100 inhabitants (2021). Located in the Kyzylkum desert, it receives water from the Amudarya by a 220-km pipeline.
Zarafshon / Зарафшон
|Coordinates: 41°36′29″N 64°13′35″E / 41.60806°N 64.22639°ECoordinates: 41°36′29″N 64°13′35″E / 41.60806°N 64.22639°E|
|• Total||20 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||400 m (1,300 ft)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
Zarafshon is called "the gold capital of Uzbekistan". It is home of the Navoi Mining & Metallurgy Combinat's Central Mining Administration, charged with mining and processing gold from the nearby Muruntau open-pit mine. Between 1995 and 2006 the Muruntau gold mining and processing operation was run by the Zarafshan-Newmont Joint Venture, a foreign direct investment by Newmont Mining Corporation of Denver, Colorado (at the time the largest U.S. investor in Uzbekistan - it was also the first major Western investment in the region since the breakup of the Soviet Union). Uzbekistan expropriated the company's assets in 2006 and by 2007 had taken full ownership of the mine.
Zarafshan Airport (IATA: AFS) is served by Uzbekistan Airlines with direct daily flights to and from Tashkent.
- ^ "Classification system of territorial units of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek and Russian). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2020.
- ^ "Navoiy viloyatining ma'muriy-hududiy bo'linishi" [Administrative-territorial division of the Navoiy Region] (PDF) (in Uzbek). Navoiy regional department of statistics.
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