Zao (American band)
Zao (//) is an American metalcore band from Parkersburg, West Virginia. Founded in March 1993, Zao has hosted several musicians and endured numerous roster changes to the point where no original members remain. Former drummer Jesse Smith, singer Dan Weyandt, and guitarists Scott Mellinger and Russ Cogdell are seen by some fans as the "core" of Zao, with the current line up being the longest running in the band's history.
Members Russ Cogdell (left) and Dan Weyandt performing in Karlsruhe, Germany (September 10, 2004).
|Origin||Parkersburg, West Virginia, US|
|Labels||Ferret, Solid State, Steadfast, Tooth & Nail, Broken Circles|
For a time, the band featured Christian themes in their music and was regarded as a Christian band, however this theme was eventually met with debate among the members and the band currently no longer considers themselves a "Christian band" with only bassist Martin Lunn identifying as a Christian.
To date, Zao has released 11 full-length albums, 9 EPs or splits, a two-disc DVD documentary and embarked on numerous concert tours, garnering a limited but global fan base and earning critical praise in the process.
The first era (1993–1997)Edit
The founding members of Zao, were vocalist Eric Reeder, guitarist Roy Goudy, bassist Mic Cox, and drummer Jesse Smith. The band's name comes from the Greek word (ζάω), which means "alive" or "to have life". Zao vocalist Eric Reeder has been credited with coming up with the band's name. Calling their sound "Christ-centered hardcore", they sought to reach an audience that they felt has been pushed away from the organized church. Most of their early songs, which appeared on their first two full-length albums, All Else Failed and The Splinter Shards the Birth of Separation (which saw the band re-recording much of the All Else Failed material), contained explicit references to God and centered on the theme of the peace of God. Reeder (who appeared on Zao's Author and Sustained demos, as well as a split with Outcast) left before Zao recorded All Else Failed and was replaced by Shawn Jonas, who went on to form Symphony in Peril. Jonas left the band after recording two albums and is now a youth pastor at New Life Church in West Virginia; original bassist Mic Cox left the band, and Kevin Moran took his place. Ron Gray also joined the band as a second guitarist after the recording of The Splinter Shards the Birth of Separation. All of the band members, except for drummer Jesse Smith, quit Zao following the 1997 Cornerstone festival and a couple of shows they played on the way back home.
The second era (1998–2002)Edit
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In 1998, Smith recruited Brett Detar, guitarist of Pennsylvania emocore band Pensive, to help him build a new incarnation of Zao. Detar suggested a pair of his friends, guitarist Russ Cogdell and enigmatic writer / poet (and future tattoo artist) Dan Weyandt. Both Cogdell and Weyandt had played in Christian hardcore band Seasons in the Field, who had released a split EP with Pensive. Smith would drive several hours to Greensburg, where all these new members lived, to co-write and rehearse what would become the first (and in many ways, defining) album from the new Zao, Where Blood and Fire Bring Rest. The group played fewer and fewer songs from the old version of the band as Blood and Fire took hold. They toured without a bassist and set stages ablaze with their raw emotion and Weyandt's personal storytelling, which detailed the hardships that informed their songs. With a rockabilly look and Smith's oddly engaging habit of setting up his drums facing away from the audience, their live reputation grew large in the underground. Not long after recording their half of a split EP with labelmates Training for Utopia in California, Detar left the group in 1999 to focus his energy on his rock side-project The Juliana Theory, who would sign to Sony and have a successful career before disbanding in 2006.
Scott Mellinger (formerly of Creation Is Crucifixion) joined the band on lead guitar, and Rob Horner came in on bass, before the recording of another landmark metalcore album, Liberate Te Ex Inferis (Latin for "Save Yourself from Hell", a line from the movie Event Horizon). Cogdell left the band in 2000 to go to film school.
Mellinger, Horner and Smith wrote and recorded all of the music for Zao's fifth album titled (Self-Titled), with Dan coming by for a few days to contribute his lyrics and vocals. The album is notable for Smith's dark pop interludes, the V-Drum sound and the song "Five Year Winter", which remains a signature Zao song.
Corey Darst replaced Weyandt for the majority of the touring in support of the album, with Horner returning, and second guitarist Matt Auxier joining up. Darst never appeared on a Zao album although this version of the group (Darst, Smith, Mellinger and Horner) did cut a three-song demo during a Seattle tour stop. The group talked about signing with either Sanctuary or Century Media Records, but Zao "broke up" on stage at a December 2001 show in Pittsburgh (later documented on their DVD). They were to embark on a tour with The Juliana Theory and Weyandt had joined Darst onstage as a special guest, but an incapacitated Jesse Smith couldn't make it through the show and long-brewing tensions boiled over.
Solid State / Tooth & Nail funded the next Zao projects: a brand new album that featured just Smith, Mellinger and Weyandt (Horner did not return) called Parade of Chaos, as well as a re-recording of the original Zao's All Else Failed played by the same trio. In the documentary The Lesser Lights of Heaven, the band disavowed the re-recording, admitting they did it because they were broke and needed to fulfill their record contract with Solid State.
Weyandt, Mellinger, Smith and a returning Cogdell set-out on the "Burn It Down and Walk Away Tour", billed as Zao's "final" tour, with support from special guests Underoath, Unearth, Dead Poetic, and The Underwater. Although technically a tour in support of "Parade of Chaos" as well, no songs from the album were featured in the set-list.
After the 2002 tour, the group's members focused on other projects, most notably Cogdell and Mellinger's more rock-oriented Jade Meridian and Horner's two-year stint with the Wheeling, West Virginia sci-fi metal band The Minus Tide.
The third era (2003–2006)Edit
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Living Sacrifice drummer Lance Garvin filled in for Smith when the rest of the guys could not find him for a couple of 2003 festival dates. However, the Liberate era lineup reconvened in Greensburg around the promise of a new record label that offered to fund a new Zao album. The label ended up falling apart before a note of music was ever recorded, prompting Smith to reach out to Ferret Music who agreed to sign the band to a two-album deal. After cutting some new demos, Weyandt left the group.
Society's Finest singer Joshua Ashworth was asked by Smith to join the group. This version of Zao did a few shows and recorded a couple of songs. However, by the end of 2003, Cogdell and Mellinger realized they did not want to make a Zao record without Dan on vocals. Smith & Horner quit Zao and joined up with former bassist Kevin Moran to focus on their new band, Gods. Ashworth stepped aside. With Weyandt back on board, the remaining three "core" members recruited the rhythm section from Jade Meridian (bass player Shawn Koschick, drummer Stephen Peck) to round-out the Zao lineup. At this time the band started to write their 7th album.
In 2004 Zao released The Funeral of God — a concept album that imagined a world where God had chosen to abandon mankind. Ferret heavily advertised the album, the group made their first music video (for "The Rising End"), and went on several tours of the US, resulting in the biggest selling Zao album to date. Though they had played a few shows there before, Zao did their first ever extensive European headlining tour with this lineup.
Shawn told the band he would be leaving just before the "Praise the War Machine" US headlining tour, but he did complete the tour. The sold-out show at Glasshouse in Pomona, CA was filmed for the band's in-the-works DVD.
Longtime friend and tour manager Marty Lunn took over the bass position before Zao co-headlined the "City of Champions" tour with The Juliana Theory. The following year, Stephen Peck told the band he was quitting two weeks before they were set to leave for the UK to tour with Bleeding Through. Scrambling to find a replacement, the group hired local drummer Jeff Gretz, the first outwardly and outspokenly non-Christian member in the history of the band. The UK tour was followed by the "Strhess Tour" across the US in the summer of 2005 with Bleeding Through, Darkest Hour and Misery Signals. The Los Angeles and San Diego shows were recorded for the upcoming DVD.
In 2005, the band released their DVD, The Lesser Lights of Heaven, mapping their history up till that point, having members from different bands, including: Don and Ryan Clark (Demon Hunter, Training for Utopia), Bruce Fitzhugh (Living Sacrifice), Chris McLane (Stretch Arm Strong), Jimmy Ryan (Haste the Day, Trenches), and CJ Anderson (Sinai Beach).
In January 2006, Weyandt, Mellinger, Lunn & Gretz traveled to Chicago to record their next album with one of their collective heroes, Steve Albini. The making of The Fear Is What Keeps Us Here was documented for a limited edition DVD.
Directly after recording, Zao hit the road with In Flames, Trivium and DevilDriver. After that, they co-headlined their second "Ferret Music Tour". However, they were forced to head home early after Dan severely injured his hand. The Fear... was released in June while Zao was on tour with Demon Hunter. The band filmed a video for "My Love, My Love (We've Come Back from the Dead)", a self-described "zombie love story", during that tour.
The fall of 2006 saw Zao touring with Throwdown, Evergreen Terrace and Maylene and the Sons of Disaster. During the tour, Mellinger and Weyandt both agreed that Zao should embark on a long break after the tour. Eager to continue touring, Gretz left Zao not long after and became the drummer for From Autumn to Ashes.
The fourth era (2007–2009)Edit
On January 23, 2007, Zao announced in a lengthy statement that Russ Cogdell had rejoined the band after recovering from his knee surgery. Zao stated that they would not fill the drum position. Josh Walters, former drummer for Juliana Theory, would fill-in if/when the band next appeared live. The band said they had completed their two-album deal with Ferret Music but did not say who would be releasing their next album. There was no news on whether they intended to re-sign to Ferret or seek a new label. Not long after the statement was released, the band said that Walters would in fact not be performing with them.
In mid-2008, Zao played their first show since 2006 with Demon Hunter at Mr. Smalls in Pittsburgh, PA. The lineup for the show was Weyandt, Mellinger, Lunn and Gretz. Following this, they began recording their new album, Awake?, with Scott Mellinger, Daniel Castleman and As I Lay Dying singer Tim Lambesis co-producing. The band finished vocal recording in November 2008 with engineer Dave Hidek at Treelady Studios, located in Pittsburgh, PA. The band released the album on May 5, 2009, on Ferret Records.
The fifth era (2010–present)Edit
The band took to the web updating the world on the status of the band, as it stands, ZAO is Daniel Weyandt, Scott Mellinger, Russ Cogdell, Marty Lunn and Jeff Gretz.
Among other things in the recent update, the band said they were extremely surprised on how well their last album, Awake?, did in the market considering it had no tour support by them and that it was thrown onto Ferret's label in the 11th hour. Zao said the best thing to come out of it is that they learned a lot of the last release and it showed them that fans still enjoy their music and this inspired and motivated them to continue making music. According to social media reports, on July 11, 2014, Zao went into the studio, after a five-year unofficial hiatus and working on side projects like Lonely Ghost Parade and Young Fox, is currently, tracking and recording their 11th album. Guitar tracking began in January 2015.[verification needed] Xenophobe, the band's first EP since 1998, was released on July 10, 2015.
On October 13, 2016 the band released "Observed/Observer", the second song that would be on The Well-Intentioned Virus, the first being "Xenophobe". The band premiered the next song, "A Well-Intentioned Virus", on October 27, 2016. On December 1, 2016, the band released the album stream for The Well-Intentioned Virus. The band announced an EP, Pyrrhic Victory, which was released on November 3, 2017.
In the first half of 2018, Zao announced that their 2004 album The Funeral of God would be released on vinyl by Tragic Hero Records, but this release got caught up in legal issues and has yet to be released. On September 21, 2018 the band released a split with Yashira, which included the songs "Hide From the Light" (Zao) and "Led to Ache" (Yashira). They followed this split up with a 7" EP entitled Decoding Transmissions From the Möbius Strip on February 8, 2019 which included the tracks "Transmission 1: I Saw The End" and "Transmission 2: I Saw The Devil." The same announcement by the band hinted at a new album in the works.
Starting in August 2019, the band is embarking on a Midwest tour of the United States with Hollow Earth and Wolf King.
Christianity has been a key influence in the band's early work; because the founding members claimed to have a strong relationship with God, they were considered a devoted Christian band with second vocalist Shawn Jonas often preaching Christianity between songs, which changed as time passed and members changed. Former drummer Jesse Smith slowly changed the band's vision with citing wanting to be able to play to more secular music scenes and providing less emphasis on religion because he felt the original line-up would "force it down peoples throats." Upon vocalist Daniel Weyandt joining the band; the lyrics shifted to more personal content albeit initially still retaining an occasional Christian message which became less prevalent with every album. Because only bassist Martin Lunn identifies as Christian, Zao no longer considered itself a Christian band but rather a group of open-minded artists with guitarist Scott Mellinger going on record and stating that Zao would prefer to just be known as a Metal band.
Lyrics in future productions may or may not include Christian messages, but Zao has stated they would have loved to return to the Christian Cornerstone Festival when it was still active. As of 2015, only one member of the band (bassist Martin Lunn) claims Christianity as their beliefs. Although it was previously stated that he was not a Christian upon his joining, Jeff Gretz stated that he was raised Catholic and that "he never said he never believed."
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|Dan Weyandt||lead vocals, bass||1998–present (vocals), 2003 (bass)||Seasons in the Field, Lonely//Ghost//Parade, Sower|
|Scott Mellinger||lead guitar, clean vocals||1999–present||Creation is Crucifixion, Lonely//Ghost//Parade, Jade Meridian|
|Martin Lunn||bass||2005–present||Pensive, The Operation, Jade Meridian, Young Fox|
|Jeff Gretz||drums||2005–2007, 2008–present||From Autumn to Ashes, Emanuel and the Fear, Leverage Models, Epigene, Conelrad, Austrian Death Machine, Private Income, IKILLYA, Crank Radio|
|Russ Cogdell||rhythm guitar||1998–2000, 2002, 2004–2008, 2010–present||Seasons in the Field, Sower, Los Capitanos, Jade Meridian|
|Eric Reeder||lead vocals||1993–1995||To Live As Sons|
|Shawn Jonas||lead vocals||1995–1998||Symphony in Peril|
|Roy Goudy||lead guitar||1993–1998||Times After Dusk, Minor Crisis|
|Mic Cox||bass||1993–1998||To Live As Sons|
|Jesse Smith||drums||1993–2004||Demon Hunter, Society's Finest, My Own Halo, Gods, Jesse Smith & the Holy Ghost, Left Out|
|Ron Gray||rhythm guitar||1997–1998|
|Brett Detar||lead guitar||1998–1999||The Juliana Theory, Pensive|
|Rob Horner||bass||1999–2004||Gods, The Minus Tide|
|Shawn Koschik||bass||2004–2005||Jade Meridian, Nodar|
|Stephen Peck||drums||2004–2005||Jade Meridian, Lonely//Ghost//Parade, Seasons in the Field|
|Corey Darst||lead vocals||2000–2001, 2017||The Pretty Weapons|
|Matt Auxier||rhythm guitar||2000–2001||Eyes Upon Separation, The Pretty Weapons, Teeth of the Hydra, EYE|
|Lance Garvin||drums||2003||Living Sacrifice, Soul Embraced, Throwdown, Kill System|
|Joshua Kabe Ashworth||lead vocals||2003–2004||Society's Finest|
|Josh Walters||drums||2007||The Juliana Theory|
|Dean Minerva||drums||2007||Chronic Groove, Negative, Camp Element, Downside, Dangerous New Machine, Into the Arena, Chris Higbee|
- All Else Failed (1995)
- The Splinter Shards the Birth of Separation (1997)
- Where Blood and Fire Bring Rest (1998)
- Liberate Te Ex Inferis (1999)
- (Self-Titled) (2001)
- Parade of Chaos (2002)
- All Else Failed (2003)
- The Funeral of God (2004)
- The Fear Is What Keeps Us Here (2006)
- Awake? (2009)
- The Well-Intentioned Virus (2016)
- "Zao on Jesus Freak Hideout". Jesus Freak Hideout. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- Zao Premiere "Xenophobe," First New Music Since 2009 Decibel "We haven't heard from metalcore veterans Zao since 2009's well-regarded tenth album Awake?"
- Iwasaki, Scott (January 28, 2005). "Zao's music abrasive yet spiritual". Deseret Morning News.
- "The Metal Podcast Episode #38 – Zao". October 9, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- Dennis (September 29, 2004). "Online interview Russ Cogdell, guitarist for Zao". Wise Men Promotions. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved February 27, 2007.
- Reeder, Eric (January–February 2007). "I Have A Dream... (Original Zao)". HM Magazine (123): 22. ISSN 1066-6923.
- Wicked Land - Zao Archived May 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- Downey, Ryan. "Zao - Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- The Return of Zao at the Wayback Machine (archive index) HM Magazine. 2004. Retrieved on October 30, 2016
- "Zao News and Notes". Lambgoat.
- "Awake? Credits". AllMusic.
- ProSound News. January 2009. Page 40. Sessions.
- "News on MySpace". MySpace. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009.
- "Zao Guitar Tracking". Zao on Instagram.
- "Zao Premieres New Song, "Observed/Observer"". Revolver Magazine. October 13, 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
- Lamber, Aaron (October 27, 2016). "ZAO Unleash "A Well-Intentioned Virus" Onto an Unsuspecting World". Metal Injection. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Gotrich, Lars (December 1, 2016). "First Listen: Zao, The Well-Intentioned Virus". NPR. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Beard, Mason (December 1, 2016). "ZAO Streaming "The Well-Intentioned Virus" in full". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Beard, Mason (September 22, 2017). "Zao Pre-Orders for Upcoming EP". Indie Vision Music. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- "The Planned Vinyl Reissue Of Zao's "The Funeral Of God" Has Turned Into A Mess". The PRP. October 5, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- "ZAO "Hide From The Light" on New Split EP With Yashira". Metal Injection. September 13, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- "ZAO Announces New 7" To Be Out Soon, New Album Likely In 2019". Metal Injection. November 6, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- "ZAO TO TOUR THE MIDWEST THIS SUMMER". KERRANG!. May 23, 2019. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- ZAOFTW (February 25, 2012). "ZAO The Lesser Lights of Heaven DVD". Retrieved June 18, 2019 – via YouTube.
- Scott Mellinger and Russ Cogdell (October 11, 2015). "Scott Mellinger and Russ Cogdell of Zao". Interviewed by Trav Turner and Stephen Sarro. As The Story Grows. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- Gretz, Jeff (October 22, 2017). "Jeff Gretz of Zao (Part One)". Interviewed by Travis Turner. As The Story Grows. Retrieved November 4, 2017.