Zanzibar Archipelago

6°33′S 39°34′E / 6.550°S 39.567°E / -6.550; 39.567

The Zanzibar Archipelago (Arabic: أرخبيل زنجبار, Swahili: Funguvisiwa la Zanzibar) consists of several islands lying off the coast of East Africa south of the Somali sea. The archipelago is also known as the Spice Islands. There are four main islands, three primary islands with human populations, a fourth coral island that serves as an essential breeding ground for seabirds, plus a number of smaller islets that surround them and an isolated tiny islet.[1]

The Zanzibar Archipelago
Unguja and Pemba Islands

Most of the archipelago belongs to the Zanzibar semi-autonomous region of Tanzania, while Mafia Island and its associated islets are parts of the Pwani Region on the mainland.

List of islandsEdit

Main islandsEdit

An enlargeable, detailed map of Unguja
An enlargeable, detailed map of Pemba
  • Unguja Island – the largest island, colloquially referred to as Zanzibar, has 896,721 inhabitants
  • Pemba Island – the second-largest island with 406,808 inhabitants
  • Latham Island (also called "Fungu Kizimkazi") – tiny and uninhabited[2]
  • Mafia Island – 46,850 inhabitants

Surrounding Unguja IslandEdit

Surrounding Pemba Island[3]Edit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Lizzie Williams (2005). Africa Overland. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 1-77007-187-3.
  2. ^ Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Republic of Tanzania, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Nations Economic and Social Council, E/C.12/TZA/1-3, 28 March 2011, page 5
  3. ^ Pemba - The clove island 1:100,000, Map & Guide, 2013, Dept. of Surveys and mapping, Chake-Chake

Further readingEdit

  • Finke, J. (2006) The Rough Guide to Zanzibar (2nd edition). New York: Rough Guides.

External linksEdit