Zahran tribe

Zahran Tribe (Arabic: قبيلة زهران‎) is one of the oldest Arabian tribes in the Arabian Peninsula.[1] It is regarded to be one of the largest tribes in Al Bahah Province.[2]

Al Baha is the homeland of Zahran and Ghamid.[3] Large numbers, however, currently live in western Saudi Arabia (mainly in Mecca, Jeddah), Riyadh and Dammam due to large migration from villages and small cities during the 1960s and '70s in search of a better life.

Zahran is a well-known tribe before and after Islam. Many of them left their houses, homes and relatives and joined the prophet Mohammed in Medina.[3]

The tribe has also enjoyed royalty throughout its history, it was the first Arab tribe that ruled Persia (modern day Iran)[4][circular reference].It also ruled al-Sham, Najd, and Yemen, and many more major parts of Arabia. The tribe to this day rules over Oman.[5]

BranchesEdit

  • Banu Daws comprises three divisions: Banu Manhib, Banu Fahm and Banu Ali.[6][7]
  • Banu 'Amr includes four divisions: Banu Bashir, Banu Harir, Banu Jundob and Banu 'Adwan (Banu 'Adwan occupied Adwan village in Syria and gave the village its name).[6][8]
  • Banu Aws includes five divisions: Banu Hasan, Bal-Khirmar, Banu Kinanah (not to be confused with Banu Kinanah), Banu 'Amir (not to be confused with Banu 'Amir) and Ahl Baydan.[6]

Zahrani Arabic dialectEdit

Zahrani Arabic dialect is closely related to standard Arabic language. The original roots of Zahrani dialect came from Southern Arabia which is the original resource of Arabic language.[1] Ahmed Abdul Ghafur Attar, a Saudi poet and linguist, said in an article that the language of the Hejaz, especially that which is spoken in Belad Ghamdi and Zahran, is close to the Classical Language.[9]

Faisal Ghori (Arabic فيصل غوري), a famous scholar of Arabic literature, in his book Qabayil Al- Hejaz (Hejazi tribes) wrote: "We can say is that there are some tribes in Arabia whose language today much closer to the classical Arabic language. The tribes of Belad Ghamid and Zahran are a good example of this."[9]

Zahrani tribal governanceEdit

Members of the tribe in Al Baha elected their tribal chief in 2006, the first election of its kind in Saudi Arabia. Mohammad Bin Yahya Al Zahrani won the election.[10][11]

Notable people from Zahran tribeEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Alzahrani, Halimah. "Phonological Description of Zahrani Dialect": 2. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Near East/South Asia Report. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 1983.
  3. ^ a b c Cuddihy, Kathy (2001). An A to Z of Places and Things Saudi. Stacey International. ISBN 9781900988407.
  4. ^ "Persia".
  5. ^ ب،, زهران حصن الزهوان الشهير في قرية الحكمان بمنطقة الباحة معلومات القبيلة الأسم الكامل قبيلة زهران الدولة السعودية ، سلطنة عمان ، الإمارات العربية، لبنان، الأردن ، العراق الموقع الموقع الأصلي: منطقة الباحة العرقية عرب الدين الإسلام نسباً لـ زهران بن كعب عبد الله بن الأزد القحطانية اشتهرت. "قبيلة زهران". m.marefa.org (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  6. ^ a b c Near East/South Asia Report. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 1983. p. 17.
  7. ^ "May 1968. - White Rose eTheses Online" (PDF).
  8. ^ Schumacher, Gottlieb; Oliphant, Laurence; Le Strange, G. (Guy) (1889). Across the Jordan; being an exploration and survey of part of Hauran and Jaulan;. Robarts - University of Toronto. London, Watt.
  9. ^ a b Nadwi, Abdullah Abbas. A study of the Arabic dialects of the Belad Ghamid and Zahran region of Saudi Arabia on the basis of original field recording and an examination of the relationship to the neighbouring regions. p. 1.
  10. ^ "Saudi tribesmen hold first-ever election." Saudi Election Website. October 5, 2006.[dead link]
  11. ^ Dostal, Walter; Kraus, Wolfgang (2005-07-08). Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781850436348.
  12. ^ "His Name and Genealogy". Al-Islam.org. Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  13. ^ "بخروش بن علاس.. قائد معارك الجنوب". جريدة الرياض (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-10-15.