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The Züriputsch of 6 September 1839 was a putsch of the rural conservative population against the liberal rule of the city of Zürich on the eve of the formation of the Swiss federal state. The reason for the putsch was the appointment of the controversial German theologian David Strauss to the theological faculty of the University of Zürich by the liberal government. The rural population saw the old religious order in danger.
Led by Bernhard Hirzel, pastor of Pfäffikon, several thousand putschists stormed the city from the west, and fought the cantonal troops in the alleys between Paradeplatz and Fraumünster. Botanist and councillor Johannes Jacob Hegetschweiler was shot in the head as he was acting as a mediator between the city's council and the insurgents. He died three days later.
The Swiss German term putsch, originally referring to any sort of hit, stroke or collision, entered the German language as a political term, popularized by Gottfried Keller. The word gained further use during the First World War, as the equivalent of the English "push," or "going over the top," from one's trenches into battle. The derived verb aufputschen remains common in Standard German for "to incite", "to excite", in political or in doping contexts.
- Bürgi, Markus (August 24, 2006). "Hegetschweiler, Johannes". Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Mörgeli C (1992). "[Clarification of a political assassination in 1839: statesman Johannes Hegetschweiler shot during civil unrest in Zurich]". Schweizerische Rundschau für Medizin Praxis (in German). 81 (22): 718–23. PMID 1604083.
- Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft, ed. (August 24, 1840). "IX Notices nécrologiques, 2 Joannes Hegetschweiler" [Obituaries, 2. Joannes Hegetschweiler]. Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Negotiations of the Swiss Natural Research Society] (in German). 25. Fribourg en Suisse: chez Joseph-Louis Piller, imprimeur cantonal. (published 1841). pp. 222–8. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- Etymology and definition of Putsch in German
- Kleine Zürcher Verfassungsgeschichte 1218–2000 (PDF) (in German). Zurich: State Archives of the Canton of Zurich. September 13, 2000. p. 51.
- Pfeifer, Wolfgang (January 31, 1993). Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen [Etymological Dictionary of German] (in German) (second ed.). Berlin: Akademie Verlag. ISBN 978-3050006260.