Maria Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers (born February 1, 1965) is an American lawyer and jurist serving as a U.S. district judge of the District Court for the Northern District of California. She was previously a California state court judge on the Alameda County Superior Court from 2008 to 2011.
Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California|
|Assumed office |
November 21, 2011
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|Preceded by||Vaughn Walker|
|Judge of the Alameda County Superior Court|
|Appointed by||Arnold Schwarzenegger|
Maria Yvonne Gonzalez
February 1, 1965
|Spouse||Matthew C. Rogers|
|Education||Princeton University (A.B.)|
University of Texas at Austin (J.D.)
Early life and educationEdit
Rogers was born Maria Yvonne Gonzalez in 1965 in Houston, Texas. She graduated from Princeton University in 1987 with a Bachelor of Arts, cum laude. From 1987 to 1988, she worked as a legal researcher at a law firm in New Haven, Connecticut. She then attended the University of Texas School of Law, graduating in 1991 with a Juris Doctor.
From 1991 until 2003, Rogers worked as a litigator in private practice in San Francisco at the law firm of Cooley Godward LLP (now Cooley LLP). She was an equity partner at the firm from 1999 until 2001. Rogers was a member of the civil grand jury in Alameda County, California from 2005 until 2007, and served as foreperson from 2006 until 2007.
State court judicial serviceEdit
Rogers served as a pro tem judge in Alameda County, California from 2007 until 2008. In 2008, Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger appointed Rogers, a Democrat, to the Alameda County Superior Court. She replaced Judge Carlos G. Ynostroza on the bench.
Federal judicial serviceEdit
On May 4, 2011, President Obama nominated Rogers to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of California that had been vacated by Judge Vaughn Walker, who had retired at the end of 2010. The Senate confirmed her by an 89–6 vote on November 15, 2011. She received her commission on November 21, 2011. She is the first Latina to serve as a federal judge in the Northern District of California.
Rogers has adjudicated various cases against Apple. In 2012, Rogers dismissed a class action lawsuit with prejudice, upholding Apple's defense that the "Illinois Brick doctrine" from the Supreme Court case Illinois Brick Co. v. Illinois, 431 U.S. 720 (1977) applied, as only the developers of apps could be damaged by Apple's policies, and consumers did not have statutory standing to bring suit on the developers' behalf. The Court specifically noted that the 30% fee Apple collects is "a cost passed-on to consumers by independent software developers". The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed her decision, and the Court of Appeals was upheld by the Supreme Court in Apple Inc. v. Pepper.
In December 2014, Rogers presided over a jury trial against Apple, in which plaintiffs claimed DRM on Apple iTunes violated antitrust laws. On December 16, 2014, the jury reached a verdict in favor of Apple.
Rogers is currently the presiding judge in the case of Epic Games v. Apple. On August 24, 2020, Rogers issued an order granting a temporary restraining order for Epic's Unreal Engine, finding that the termination of Epic's developer account could result in the inability to "save all the projects by third-party developers relying on the engine that were shelved while support was unavailable." However, Rogers refused to grant a temporary restraining order with respect to Epic's apps, including Fortnite, citing that Epic's current predicament "appears of its own making."
Rogers was elected to the American Law Institute in 1990 and was elected to the ALI Council in 2009. She currently chairs the ALI's Membership Committee and serves as an Adviser on ALI's Principles of Election Law: Resolution of Election Disputes project.
- United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary (May 2, 2011). "Questionnaire for Judicial Nominees: Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- The White House: Office of the Press Secretary (May 4, 2011). "President Obama Nominates Six Judges to United States District Courts". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved July 9, 2011 – via National Archives.
- "Rogers, Yvonne Gonzalez – Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- "Governor Schwarzenegger Appoints Thirty Superior Court Judges". Imperial Valley News. July 21, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- The White House: Office of the Press Secretary (May 4, 2011). "Nominations Sent to the Senate". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved July 9, 2011 – via National Archives.
- "On the Nomination (Confirmation Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers, of California, to be U.S. District Judge)". www.senate.gov.
- Mintz, Howard (May 5, 2011). "White House nominates East Bay judge to federal bench". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- In re Apple iPhone Antitrust Litig., No. 11-cv-06714-YGR (N.D. Cal. Dec. 2, 2013).
- Apple, Inc. v. Pepper, 587 U.S. ___ (2019).
- Elmer DeWitt, Philip (Dec 16, 2014). "Apple wins a unanimous victory in the iTunes antitrust case". Fortune. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Needleman, Tim Higgins and Sarah E. (2021-05-25). "In Apple Antitrust Trial, Judge Signals Interest in Railroad, Credit-Card Monopoly Cases". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
- Epic Games, Inc. v. Apple, Inc., No. 4:20-cv-05640-YGR (N.D. Cal. Aug. 24, 2020).
- American Law Institute – List of Officers and Council Archived September 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Principles of Election Law: Resolution of Election Disputes – List of Project Participants Archived April 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- Romano, Benjamin (February 17, 2010). "With $37bn to give away, meet Mr Popular in Washington". Recharge News. Retrieved July 9, 2011.