Yuzhnoukrainsk (Ukrainian: Южноукраїнськ, pronounced [jʊʒ.no.ʊ.krɐˈjinʲsʲk]) is a city on the Southern Bug river, in Voznesensk Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine, about 350 kilometers (over 200 miles) south of the capital Kyiv. It hosts the administration of Yuzhnoukrainsk urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Population: 38,560 (2022 estimate).[2]

Cathedral of Christ the Savior
Cathedral of Christ the Savior
Flag of Yuzhnoukrainsk
Coat of arms of Yuzhnoukrainsk
Yuzhnoukrainsk is located in Ukraine
Yuzhnoukrainsk is located in Mykolaiv Oblast
Coordinates: 47°49′18″N 31°10′30″E / 47.82167°N 31.17500°E / 47.82167; 31.17500
Country Ukraine
OblastMykolaiv Oblast
RaionVoznesensk Raion
HromadaYuzhnoukrainsk urban hromada
City rights1987
 • MayorJevhen Kvasnevskyj
 • Total2,438 km2 (941 sq mi)
82 m (269 ft)
 • TotalDecrease38,560
Postal code
Area code+380-5136

Etymology edit

In Russian, the word "Южно" means "South", but this word does not exist in Ukrainian. In Ukrainian, "South" is "Південно".

History edit

Yuzhnoukrainsk was founded in 1976. It is one of the youngest Ukrainian towns.[citation needed] It received city status and the name Yuzhnoukrainsk on 2 April 1987.[3]

Until 18 July 2020, Yuzhnoukrainsk was incorporated as a city of oblast significance. In July 2020, as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Mykolaiv Oblast to four, the city of Yuzhnoukrainsk was merged into Voznesensk Raion.[4][5]

In May 2022, as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine that began that year, many Ukrainian cities began removing Russian-derived toponymy. After deliberations, the city council of Yuzhnoukrainsk decided that the city's name did not conform to state language standards. This is because the city's name contains the Russian-language prefix yuzhny (южный), which means "south". A natively Ukrainian version of this name would be Pivdennoukrainsk (Південноукраїнськ).[6] In March 2023, the Ukrainian law "On the Condemnation and Prohibition of Propaganda of Russian Imperial Policy in Ukraine and the Decolonization of Toponymy" was passed, which provides for the derussification of Ukrainian toponymy. Among other elements, the law listed Yuzhnoukrainsk as an example of "geographical features with Russified names" that would need to be either brought in line with Ukrainian spelling, or have a historical name returned.[7] On 4 September 2023, voting began on choosing a new name. The naming commission provided three names to choose from: Buhohard (Бугогард), Hard (Гард), and Pivdennoukrainsk (Південноукраїнськ).[8] Pivdennoukrainsk won with 3,071 votes, followed by Hard at 672 votes and Buhohard at 56 votes.[9]

Industry edit

A dam and hydroelectric power station of the Tashlyk Pumped-Storage Power Plant is south of the city.

South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant, also known as Yuzhnoukrainsk Nuclear Power Plant, is on the opposite shore of the hydroelectric reservoir from the city. The power plant has three VVER-1000 reactors and a net capacity of 2,850 megawatts (MW). It is the second largest of the five nuclear power plants in the country. During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the nuclear power plant was close to being hit by Russian cruise missiles.[10]

Notable people edit


Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Южноукраинская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Yuzhnoukrainsk Territorial Community". Cities 4 Cities – United 4 Ukraine. Retrieved 2024-01-06.
  4. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  5. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  6. ^ "Місто Южноукраїнськ хоче перейменуватися на Південноукраїнськ" (in Ukrainian). 2022-05-24. Retrieved 2024-01-06.
  7. ^ "Zelenskyy signs law banning place names associated with Russia". Retrieved 2023-12-27.
  8. ^ "Южноукраїнськ хочуть перейменувати - почалося громадське голосування" (in Ukrainian). 2023-09-04. Retrieved 2024-01-06.
  9. ^ Свистуха, Дар'я (2023-09-25). "У Южноукраїнську на Миколаївщині завершили голосування за нову назву міста" [Voting for a new city name has been finished in Yuzhnoukraink in Mykolaiv region]. Suspilne (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2024-01-06. Retrieved 2024-02-13.
  10. ^ "Russia carries out act of nuclear terrorism by launching missiles over Pivdennoukrainska NPP – Energoatom", Interfax Ukraine, 20 February 2023

External links edit