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Yuncheng is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It borders Linfen and Jincheng municipalities to the north and east, and Henan and Shaanxi provinces to the south and west. At the 2010 census, its population was 5,134,779 inhabitants, of whom 680,036 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Yanhu District.[2]

Yuncheng

运城市
Haizhou Guandi Temple
Haizhou Guandi Temple
Location of Yuncheng City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Location of Yuncheng City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Yuncheng is located in Shanxi
Yuncheng
Yuncheng
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates: 35°01′00″N 110°59′00″E / 35.01667°N 110.98333°E / 35.01667; 110.98333Coordinates: 35°01′00″N 110°59′00″E / 35.01667°N 110.98333°E / 35.01667; 110.98333
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShanxi
County-level divisions13
Municipal seatYanhu District
Government
 • TypePrefecture-level city
 • Communist Party SecretaryWang Yuyan
 • MayorWang Qingxian (王清宪)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city14,183 km2 (5,476 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,205 km2 (465 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,205 km2 (465 sq mi)
Elevation
370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city5,134,779
 • Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
 • Urban
680,036
 • Urban density560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Metro
680,036
 • Metro density560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
044000
Area code(s)0359
ISO 3166 codeCN-SX-08
License Plate晋M
Administrative division code140800
Yuncheng
Traditional Chinese運城
Simplified Chinese运城

HistoryEdit

In early China,[when?] it was the location of the state of Kunwu (昆吾).

AdministrationEdit

The Municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Yanhu District (盐湖区), together with the CPC and Public Security Bureau.

Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Yanhu District 盐湖区 Yánhú Qū 680,036 1,237 501
Yongji City 永济市 Yǒngjì Shì 444,724 1,221 352
Hejin City 河津市 Héjīn Shì 395,527 593 607
Ruicheng County 芮城县 Ruìchéng Xiàn 394,849 1,161 327
Linyi County 临猗县 Línyī Xiàn 572,508 1,350 393
Wanrong County 万荣县 Wànróng Xiàn 439,364 1,037 405
Xinjiang County 新绛县 Xīnjiàng Xiàn 332,473 600 533
Xia County 夏县 Xià Xiàn 352,821 1,328 264
Jishan County 稷山县 Jìshān Xiàn 347,425 680 485
Wenxi County 闻喜县 Wénxǐ Xiàn 404,150 1,160 328
Jiang County 绛县 Jiàng Xiàn 281,643 968 279
Pinglu County 平陆县 Pínglù Xiàn 258,241 1,151 217
Yuanqu County 垣曲县 Yuánqǔ Xiàn 231,018 1,620 136

ClimateEdit

Yuncheng has a continental, monsoon-influenced semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with four distinct seasons.[3] Due to its southerly location and position to the north of the Zhongtiao Mountains, allowing for downsloping when winds are from the south, it is among the warmest locales in the province. Winters are cold and very dry, while summers are hot and humid. Monthly mean temperatures range from −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) in January to 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 14.05 °C (57.3 °F). Over 60% of the annual rainfall occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 45% in March to 54% in May and July, the city receives 2,219 hours of bright sunshine annually, low by Shanxi standards and north China.

Climate data for Yuncheng (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
25.2
(77.4)
29.6
(85.3)
37.6
(99.7)
40.2
(104.4)
42.7
(108.9)
41.4
(106.5)
40.8
(105.4)
40.0
(104.0)
33.2
(91.8)
25.3
(77.5)
17.5
(63.5)
42.7
(108.9)
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
8.5
(47.3)
14.3
(57.7)
21.8
(71.2)
27.4
(81.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.6
(90.7)
31.4
(88.5)
26.3
(79.3)
20.2
(68.4)
12.4
(54.3)
6.3
(43.3)
19.8
(67.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
2.7
(36.9)
8.3
(46.9)
15.4
(59.7)
20.9
(69.6)
25.8
(78.4)
27.4
(81.3)
26.3
(79.3)
20.9
(69.6)
14.5
(58.1)
6.8
(44.2)
0.5
(32.9)
14.1
(57.4)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.0
(37.4)
9.3
(48.7)
14.4
(57.9)
19.8
(67.6)
22.7
(72.9)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
9.7
(49.5)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
8.9
(48.1)
Record low °C (°F) −18.9
(−2.0)
−16.2
(2.8)
−10.8
(12.6)
−5
(23)
2.9
(37.2)
11.0
(51.8)
15.4
(59.7)
12.3
(54.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−16
(3)
−18.9
(−2.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.0
(0.20)
6.6
(0.26)
20.1
(0.79)
38.1
(1.50)
46.6
(1.83)
65.1
(2.56)
110.0
(4.33)
82.2
(3.24)
79.2
(3.12)
51.7
(2.04)
20.2
(0.80)
4.6
(0.18)
529.4
(20.85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 3.0 4.8 6.4 7.6 8.0 9.7 8.7 9.0 7.6 4.7 2.4 74.7
Average relative humidity (%) 57 54 57 57 57 56 67 68 69 67 66 61 61
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149.0 147.1 166.0 199.6 232.9 226.6 227.7 223.8 177.0 166.7 151.5 150.7 2,218.6
Percent possible sunshine 48 48 45 51 54 52 52 54 48 48 49 50 50
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Notable ResidentsEdit

TransportationEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ 2010年运城市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报(Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China) (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
  2. ^ "China: Shānxī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Updated Asian Map of the Köppen system". wikimedia.org. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  4. ^ Yuncheng North schedule Archived 28 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese)