Yuncheng

  (Redirected from Yuncheng, Shanxi)

Yuncheng is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It borders Linfen and Jincheng municipalities to the north and east, and Henan and Shaanxi provinces to the south and west. As of the 2020 census, its population was 4,774,508 inhabitants (5,134,779 in 2010), of whom 928,334 (680,036 in 2010) lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Yanhu District.[3] One can note than Pinglu County, 205,080 inhabitants in the south, is now part of Sanmenxia built-up (or metro) area.

Yuncheng
运城市
Haizhou Emperor Guan Temple
Location of Yuncheng City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Location of Yuncheng City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Yuncheng is located in Shanxi
Yuncheng
Yuncheng
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates (Yulin municipal government): 35°01′36″N 111°00′25″E / 35.0267°N 111.0070°E / 35.0267; 111.0070Coordinates: 35°01′36″N 111°00′25″E / 35.0267°N 111.0070°E / 35.0267; 111.0070
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShanxi
County-level divisions13
Municipal seatYanhu District
Government
 • TypePrefecture-level city
 • Communist Party SecretaryWang Yuyan
 • MayorWang Qingxian (王清宪)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city14,183 km2 (5,476 sq mi)
 • Urban1,205 km2 (465 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,205 km2 (465 sq mi)
Elevation
370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 • Prefecture-level city4,774,508[1]
 • Urban
928,334
 • Urban density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
928,334
 • Metro density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
044000
Area code(s)0359
ISO 3166 codeCN-SX-08
License Plate晋M
Administrative division code140800
Yuncheng
Simplified Chinese运城
Traditional Chinese運城

HistoryEdit

 
Map including Yuncheng (labeled as YÜN-CH'ENG 運城) (AMS, 1958)

In early China,[when?] it was the location of the state of Kunwu (昆吾).

AdministrationEdit

The Municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Yanhu District (盐湖区), together with the CPC and Public Security Bureau.

Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Yanhu District 盐湖区 Yánhú Qū 680,036 1,237 501
Yongji City 永济市 Yǒngjì Shì 444,724 1,221 352
Hejin City 河津市 Héjīn Shì 395,527 593 607
Ruicheng County 芮城县 Ruìchéng Xiàn 394,849 1,161 327
Linyi County 临猗县 Línyī Xiàn 572,508 1,350 393
Wanrong County 万荣县 Wànróng Xiàn 439,364 1,037 405
Xinjiang County 新绛县 Xīnjiàng Xiàn 332,473 600 533
Xia County 夏县 Xià Xiàn 352,821 1,328 264
Jishan County 稷山县 Jìshān Xiàn 347,425 680 485
Wenxi County 闻喜县 Wénxǐ Xiàn 404,150 1,160 328
Jiang County 绛县 Jiàng Xiàn 281,643 968 279
Pinglu County 平陆县 Pínglù Xiàn 258,241 1,151 217
Yuanqu County 垣曲县 Yuánqǔ Xiàn 231,018 1,620 136

ClimateEdit

Yuncheng has a continental, monsoon-influenced semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with four distinct seasons.[4] Due to its southerly location and position to the north of the Zhongtiao Mountains, allowing for downsloping when winds are from the south, it is among the warmest locales in the province. Winters are cold and very dry, while summers are hot and humid. Monthly mean temperatures range from −0.6 °C (30.9 °F) in January to 27.5 °C (81.5 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 14.23 °C (57.6 °F). Over 60% of the annual rainfall occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 45% in March to 54% in May and July, the city receives 2,219 hours of bright sunshine annually, low by Shanxi standards and North China.

Climate data for Yuncheng (Yanhu District) 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1951−2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
25.2
(77.4)
29.6
(85.3)
37.6
(99.7)
40.2
(104.4)
42.7
(108.9)
41.4
(106.5)
40.8
(105.4)
40.0
(104.0)
33.2
(91.8)
25.3
(77.5)
17.5
(63.5)
42.7
(108.9)
Average high °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
9.2
(48.6)
15.1
(59.2)
22.4
(72.3)
27.7
(81.9)
32.0
(89.6)
32.8
(91.0)
31.0
(87.8)
26.3
(79.3)
20.3
(68.5)
12.6
(54.7)
6.3
(43.3)
20.1
(68.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
3.3
(37.9)
8.8
(47.8)
15.9
(60.6)
21.3
(70.3)
25.9
(78.6)
27.5
(81.5)
25.9
(78.6)
21.0
(69.8)
14.5
(58.1)
6.7
(44.1)
0.6
(33.1)
14.2
(57.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.5
(38.3)
9.8
(49.6)
15.0
(59.0)
20.0
(68.0)
22.9
(73.2)
21.7
(71.1)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.8
(25.2)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) −18.9
(−2.0)
−16.2
(2.8)
−10.8
(12.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
2.9
(37.2)
11.0
(51.8)
15.4
(59.7)
12.3
(54.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−16.0
(3.2)
−18.9
(−2.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.5
(0.18)
6.9
(0.27)
16.4
(0.65)
31.4
(1.24)
52.2
(2.06)
63.5
(2.50)
95.0
(3.74)
88.7
(3.49)
82.8
(3.26)
53.2
(2.09)
19.1
(0.75)
4.6
(0.18)
518.3
(20.41)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 3.0 4.8 6.4 7.6 8.0 9.7 8.7 9.0 7.6 4.7 2.4 74.7
Average relative humidity (%) 56 54 54 54 57 56 66 70 70 69 67 61 61
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149.0 147.1 166.0 199.6 232.9 226.6 227.7 223.8 177.0 166.7 151.5 150.7 2,218.6
Percent possible sunshine 48 48 45 51 54 52 52 54 48 48 49 50 50
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[5][6]

Notable residentsEdit

TransportationEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/en/china/shanxi/admin/
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  3. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/en/china/shanxi/admin/
  4. ^ "Updated Asian Map of the Köppen system". wikimedia.org. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  5. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  6. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  7. ^ Yuncheng North schedule Archived 28 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese)