Yulon Motor Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 裕隆汽車; pinyin: Yùlóng Qìchē) is a Taiwanese automaker and importer. Taiwan's biggest automaker as of 2010, Yulon is known for building Nissan models under license. The original romanization of the company's name is Yue Loong, but in 1992 the company renewed its logo and switched to the shorter Yulon name. Historically, it is one of Taiwan's "big four" automakers.
|Traded as||TWSE: 2201|
|Founded||10 September 1953|
|Headquarters||Miaoli County, Taiwan|
|Taiwan, mainland China, and the Philippines|
|Chen Li-lien (Chairperson)|
|Revenue||NT$ 99 billion (2017)  US$3.4 billion|
Number of employees
|12.68k (2017) |
|Subsidiaries||Yulon-Nissan Motor Co Ltd (50%)|
Dongfeng Yulon (50%)
Yulon GM (50%)
Yulon created a new brand to sell self-designed cars, Luxgen, in 2010.
As of 2017 it had a Revenue of NT$ 99 billion (US$ 3.4 billion) and about 12,680 employees.
The company is associated with the creation of a Taiwanese auto industry aided by its government. This pattern is being again realized by Malaysia's Proton. During 1953-1960 an era of "passive protection" reigned and Yulon grew with the assistance of protectionary tariffs of 40-60%. Parts and components received substantially lower tariffs to help fledgling carmakers.
Early on, Yulon looked for foreign partners, but it wasn't until 1956 that an American company, Willys, agreed to share technology. The next year Yulon began its long-lasting partnership with Nissan.
While the first Yulon model was a 1956 jeep, with engine production beginning in September of that year, passenger car assembly only started in 1960 with the Bluebird after an agreement with Nissan was signed in 1957. While primarily building Nissan models and other cars under license, Yulon has designed and produced at least one original family car, the 1986 Feeling 101. (Yulon began producing wholly original products again starting in 2009 with the debut of its Luxgen brand.) Until the introduction of the Nissan branded Cefiro A32 (in February 1996), the various license-built Nissans had all been branded Yue Loong (Yulon after 1992).
Yulon has maintained a strong cooperative relationship with Nissan since 1957. After the 1985 passing of a Taiwanese act, the Automobile Industry Development Act (AIDA), Yulon accepted Nissan taking a 25% stake. Nissan maintained their ownership in Yulon until at least 2003 when a restructuring created Yulon-Nissan Motor Co Ltd, a separate company that focuses on complementing Nissan's mainland China activities with research, design, and manufacturing assistance.
With production bases located in China, Philippines and Taiwan, Yulon makes license-built versions of many automakers' models. The companies it manufactures in cooperation with include Chrysler, Geely, GM, Mercedes Benz, Mitsubishi and Nissan. It assembles most of the vehicles from complete knock down kits.
The company has used its design and engineering expertise to localize its manufactures to suit Taiwanese tastes.
While Yulon continues to manufacture vehicles for sale on the Taiwanese market, as of 2010 it also imports Nissan, Infiniti, and Renault models for sale in the domestic Taiwanese market.
Yulon has marketed cars under two in-house brands: Luxgen (released in 2009) and Tobe (released in 2010).
The first Taiwanese auto brand, Luxgen (Chinese: 納智捷), was created by Yulon in 2008. On 18 August 2009, Yulon revealed the first car for its new Luxgen brand. Luxgen cars are developed under Yulon's R&D center HAITEC, using engines and transmissions provided by other companies. As of 2010, Luxgen products are sold in Taiwan and Oman.
Former Own brandsEdit
Yulon's second brand, Tobe (Chinese: 酷比), was established in 2009. As of 2010, it sells its sole product, a re-badged, re-designed Geely Panda called the Tobe M’Car, in Taiwan and Vietnam. Plans to enter other emerging markets exist. However, poor sales and the brand image of being a rebadged Geely led to the end of the brand in 2013.
Initial production base investment in China for Yulon was buying 5% ownership in a Southern China production base in the 1990s. 2000 saw another, larger Chinese production base investment this time of 25%. The latter acquisition was probably in Fengsheng Motors, a Dongfeng Motors subsidiary.
Former production basesEdit
In 1999 Yulon bought a 75% ownership of Nissan's newly built production base in Santa Rosa, Laguna province. This occurred after the Nissan Motor Company pulled out of the Philippines after the Asian market crises caused poor sales in the country. In 2013, it was announced that Nissan Motor Company of Japan will be again taking over Nissan in the Philippines. This comes after dismal sales and poor model updates from Yulon Taiwan, which ranked Nissan Philippines well below local rivals from Toyota, Mitsubishi, and Hyundai—not reflective of its ranking as no. 6 global carmaker.
Joint ventures in Mainland ChinaEdit
A joint venture with Chinese automaker Dongfeng, called Dongfeng Yulon (or Dongfeng Luxgen), was set up in 2009 and will manufacture Yulon's Luxgen models in China after the completion of a planned production base in Hangzhou in 2011. The cars will be sold in China.
- "Yulon Motor Co Ltd, 2201:TAI profile - FT.com". markets.ft.com. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
- "Company History". Company History. Yulon Motor. Archived from the original on 2010-11-24. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- "Yulon to make Luxgen in China". Taipei Times. 2010-08-03.
- Teresa M. Lynch (December 2010). "Leveraging capabilities: models of foreign production in the Taiwanese automotive industry" (PDF). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 23, 2009.
- Chen, Chia-wen (1995). An Economic Analysis of Taiwan's Automobile Industry (PDF). Cambridge, MA: MIT. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-14.
- "Chronology". Yulon Motor. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21.
- "Affiliated Companies - Automobiles". Yulon Group. Archived from the original on 2010-11-01.
- Chen, Chia-wen, p. 24
- Chen, Chia-wen Archived March 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, p. 26
- Chen, Chia-wen, p. 93
- "Chronology". Company History. Yulon Motor. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21.
- "Het mysterie Yue Loong" [The Yue Loong Mystery]. AutoWeek.nl (in Dutch). Sanoma Men's Magazines B.V. 2009-01-30.
- Chen, Chia-wen, p. 29
- "Taiwan: Becoming a Development Base for Toyota, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Ford; Honda Launches Production on Its Own". MarkLines.com. 2003-08-07. Archived from the original on July 5, 2010.
- "About Luxgen - Corporate Story". Luxgen.
- "Chery Shapes Taiwanese Partners as Exporters". AnhuiNews.com. 2010-10-20.
- "Taiwan's automobile brand LUXGEN announces its ambition to the world". Luxgen. 2010-03-05.
- "Prospect of Chinese sales drives Yulon Motor shares up". Taipei Times. 2010-09-07.
- "LUXGEN 2.2 L MEFI TURBO ENGINE: Light Weight and Efficient". Luxgen. 2010-05-13.
- "Taiwan's LUXGEN MOTOR Signs First International Distribution Agreement". Luxgen. 2010-04-30.
- "Yulon's Tobe car unable to drive in reverse". The China Post. 2010-08-07.
- "Yulon introduces new Tobe brand vehicle". Taipei Times. 2009-11-18.
- Increasing Globalization and AFTA in 2003: What are the Prospects for the Philippine Automotive Industry?. Rafaelita A.M. Aldaba. Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Page 35, "Nissan: Worriedly Awaiting the Signal from Japan".
- "Nissan Motor Co. to return to PH this year by merging NMPI and UMC". https://www.topgear.com.ph. Retrieved 4 December 2018. External link in
- "Dongfeng-Luxgen formally announce JV partnership". China Car Times. 2010-12-14.
- "Yulon's LuxGen heading to China". Taipei Times. 2010-02-17.