Yujiulü Anluochen

Yujiulü Anluochen (Chinese: 郁久閭菴羅辰; pinyin: Yùjiǔlǘ Ānluóchén[1]) (?-554) was the last khagan of the Rouran (553-554) in the east. He was the son of Yujiulü Anagui.

Yujiulü Anluochen
Khagan of Rouran
Reign553-554
PredecessorYujiulü Kangti
SuccessorOccupation by Turkic Khaganate
SpousePrincess Le'an (乐安公主)
IssuePrincess Linhe (鄰和公主)
HouseYujiulü clan
FatherYujiulü Anagui
ReligionBuddhism

During reign of AnaguiEdit

He was married to Princess Le'an (乐安公主), daughter of Gao Cheng in 541. The khagan sent 1,000 horses and asked to bring the princess, who was now renamed Princess Lanling (兰陵公主). In view of the importance of an alliance with the Rouran, Gao Huan personally presided the collection of the dowry and led the princess and her retinue to Rouran. Anagui was very pleased with the marriage. He was in the party of refugees that went for Northern Qi after Anagui's fall in 552.

ReignEdit

Being a son-in-law to Northern Qi, he was supported by Emperor Wenxuan of Northern Qi against Tujue. Emperor personally attacked the Tujue, fighting its army off, and then created Yujiulü Anluochen as the new khagan of Rouran, settling the Rouran people within Northern Qi territory, at Mayi (馬邑, in modern Shuozhou, Shanxi). Despite it, he rebelled in September 554, led more than 50,000 people to attack on Qi borders. Emperor Wenxuan again personally led his army and defeated Anluochen. He made yet another attack in April towards Si Prefecture (肆州, later Dai Prefecture, nowadays in northern Shanxi), but was repulsed. Meanwhile 30000 of his people were captured, women and children were enslaved.[2] He made last attack on Yingzhou (营州, now Chaoyang, Liaoning) in 554 and utterly defeated. His whereabouts are unknown.

FamilyEdit

His daughter Yujiulü Chidelian (郁久閭叱地連) was married to Emperor Wucheng of Northern Qi and was created Princess Linhe (Chinese: 鄰和公主; literally: 'Princess of Neighboring Peace', d. 550). Her tomb was discovered in 1970s.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Theobald, Ulrich. "Rouran 柔然 (www.chinaknowledge.de)". www.chinaknowledge.de. Retrieved 2019-11-09.
  2. ^ Pohl, Walter (2018-12-15). The Avars: A Steppe Empire in Central Europe, 567–822. Cornell University Press. p. 36. ISBN 9781501729409.
  3. ^ Cheng, Bonnie (2007). "Fashioning a Political Body: The Tomb of a Rouran Princess". Archives of Asian Art. 57: 23–49. ISSN 0066-6637.

SourcesEdit


Preceded by
Yujiulü Kangti
Khagan of the Rouran
553-554
Succeeded by
None