Yugoslav Social-Democratic Party

Yugoslav Social-Democratic Party (Slovene: Jugoslovanska socialdemokratska stranka, Croatian: Jugoslavenska socijaldemokratska stranka) or JSDS was a socialist political party in Slovenia and Istria during the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was founded in 1898 in Trieste.[1]

Yugoslav Social-Democratic Party
Jugoslovanska socialdemokratska stranka
Jugoslavenska socijaldemokratska stranka
Founded1898
Dissolved18 December 1921
Preceded bySocial Democratic Party of Austria
Merged intoSocialist Party of Yugoslavia
NewspaperRdeči prapor
Zarja
IdeologySocialism
Yugoslavism
Political positionLeft-wing
A Slovene translation of Marx's and Engels' Communist Manifesto published in the Carniolan mining town of Idrija in 1908.
Etbin Kristan, an important Slovenian member of the JSDS
Ivan Cankar, one of the most important Slovenian authors, a supporter of JSDS

In 1909 the party issued its 'Tivoli resolution', calling for the cultural and political unification of all South Slavs.[2] However, the party also worked for limited Slovenian autonomy at the times of the Constituent Assembly.[3] Its long-term goal was ending the oppressive capitalist system in favour of a more equal one, but it also pursued smaller goals of helping the working class, democratisation of political life, equal and general voting rights etc.[4]

JSDS founded many syndicates and workers' cooperatives. It also supported and organised general strikes in Trieste, Jesenice, Hrastnik, Trbovlje etc. Although the party did not address farmers and although a lot of workers were snatched by the liberals and conservative catholic parties, JSDS grew in strength and scope. After the men's general voting right was passed in Austra-Hungary, the Yugoslav Social-Democratic Party was an important and undissmissable political force.[5]

OrgansEdit

On March 18, 1898, the party organ Rdeči prapor (Red Flag) began publishing in Trieste. Josip Zavertanik and Josip Kopač were its main editors. On October 20, 1905, the editorial office shifted to Ljubljana. Zarja (Dawn) was founded in 1911 as a party organ. In 1914 the newspaper shifted to Trieste, and ceased to be an official party organ.[6]

LegacyEdit

Between 1990 and 2002, the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia regarded itself as the moral and spiritual heir of the Yugoslav Social Democratic Party.

Prominent membersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Angelo Ara and Claudio Magris: Trieste. Un'identità di frontiera, Torino: Enaudi 2007, 3rd edition, p. 71
  2. ^ The Slovenes - history of the nation, July 24, 2008
  3. ^ Banac, Ino. The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics. Cornell University Press, 1984. p. 198
  4. ^ "Dok. št. 4 Program Socialistične stranke Jugoslavije sprejet na kongresu JSDS 26. in 27. decembra 1921 v Trbovljah". www.sistory.si. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  5. ^ Cvirn, Janez; Studen, Andrej (2010). Zgodovina 3. Ljubljana: DZS. p. 146.
  6. ^ History Archived June 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine