Yuenyeung (often transliterated according to the Cantonese language pronunciation Yuenyeung, Yinyeung, or Yinyong), yuanyang (in Mandarin), coffee with tea, also commonly known as Kopi Cham in Malaysia ( from the Hokkien cham, "mix") is a popular beverage in Hong Kong. Made of a mixture of three parts of coffee and seven parts of Hong Kong-style milk tea, it can be served hot or cold.
|Place of origin||Hong Kong|
|Serving temperature||Hot or iced|
|Main ingredients||Brewed coffee, Hong Kong-style milk tea (black tea, evaporated or condensed milk), sugar|
|Variations||Malaysian Kopi Cham|
The name Yuenyeung, which refers to mandarin ducks (Yuanyang), is a symbol of conjugal love in Chinese culture, as the birds usually appear in pairs and the male and female look very different. This same connotation of a "pair" of two unlike items is used to name this drink.
There is dispute over whether other coffee-and-tea mixtures have been independently invented in the Western world, with some claiming it originally was a Dutch serving method. Various individuals have combined coffee with tea, sometimes using the name CoffTea or Tea Espress.
A Hong Kong dai pai dong-style restaurant called Lan Fong Yuen (蘭芳園) claims both Yuenyeung and silk-stocking milk tea were invented in 1952 by its owner, a Mr. Lam. Its claim for the former is unverified, but that for the latter is on the record in the official minutes of a LegCo council meeting from 2007, lending it significant plausability.
The concept was later suggested on the Halfbakery in 2000, and singer Peter André claimed to have invented CoffTea in an interview in 2004. In an interview in 2006, Sandra Blund recommended combining Savarin with chamomile tea in a ratio of 2 to 1 or combining organic Bolivian coffee and White Rose tea in equal parts. Blund claimed to have met a Cistercian nun from Tennessee who began combining the drinks in 1936, about 16 years before Lan Fong Yuen claims to have invented it in Hong Kong.
- Richard R. Wertz: Cultural Heritage of China - Food & Drink - Tea - Tea Cultures[unreliable source?]
- Sparklette Food & Travel Blog: Hong Kong Kim Gary Restaurant - Toast of Hong Kong. April 17, 2007[unreliable source?]
- White Elephant: Teh & Kopi
- ""Yuanyang" exhibition showcases the contemporary ceramic art" (Press release). HKSAR Leisure and Cultural Services Department. 2003-02-11. Archived from the original on 2007-02-24. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- Pillai, Gerard (2009). The Fish Eagle's Lament: Travels in Southwest Ethiopia. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 65. ISBN 978-1848761308. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "教育部國語辭典:鴛鴦". Ministry of Education, Taiwan. Archived from the original on 2005-05-01. Retrieved 2007-01-14.
- Halfbakery: "CoffTea - a little bit of both". March 21, 2000
- Virgin Media: "Peter Andre interview by Alex Robertson"
- The New York Observer: "Coffee Tea: An Interview". October 1, 2006.
- Michael Taylor (8 October 2010). "Starbucks Takes on Hong Kong Tastes (Part 2)". accidentaltravelwriter.net. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- Starbucks Hong Kong: "Escape This Summer With a Taste of Home" September 16, 2010
- Lew, Josh. "Coffee or tea? With this drink, you get both". mnn.com. Narrative Content Group. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
Media related to Yuenyeung (drink) at Wikimedia Commons